2009 GMC Sierra 1500

large pickup / Crew cab pickup

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Side with optional side airbags
Side without optional side airbags
Head restraints & seats

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2007-13 models

Tested vehicle: 2009 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 LT Crew Cab 4x2

The Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 were redesigned for the 2007 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit only the head restraint, as indicated by smeared greasepaint.

Forces on the lower left leg were high enough to indicate the possibility of injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0825
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 9
Left (cm) 11
Center (cm) 18
Right (cm) 14
Brake pedal (cm) 12
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 6
Rearward (cm) 2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0825
Head
HIC-15 268
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 29
Maximum Nij 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 2.1
Femur force - right (kN) 2.3
Knee displacement - left (mm) 5
Knee displacement - right (mm) 6
Maximum tibia index - left 0.61
Maximum tibia index - right 0.74
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 4.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 113
Right 76

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2007-09 models

Tested vehicle: 2009 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 LT Crew Cab 4x2 without optional side airbags

The Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 were redesigned for the 2007 model year. Two tests of a 2009 Silverado 1500 were conducted, one with optional side airbags for the driver and rear passenger, and one without. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structural ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
The dummy's head was hit by the window sill of the driver door. This impact did not produce high head injury measures, but the head protection is inadequate.
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Although the intruding barrier did not hit the dummy's head in this test, the head was not protected from contacts outside the vehicle. This indicates that only slightly different crash circumstances could produce a direct hit to a person's head.

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the damage to the occupant compartment.

Action shot taken during the side impact crash test showing the driver dummy's head leaning well outward and approaching the window sill.

Intrusion of the B-pillar and door sill into the occupant compartment is apparent in this view.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0856 CES0903
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) 3.5 3.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0856 CES0903
Head HIC-15 323 456
Neck
Tension (kN) 2.4 2.3
Compression (kN) 0.0 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 61 48
Lateral force (kN) 1.9 2.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 58 52
Average deflection (mm) 45 39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 9.40 9.96
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 2.49 1.82
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4 1.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 4.9 3.5
Combined force (kN) 6.1 5.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 102 110
A-P moment (Nm) 39 25

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0856 CES0903
Head HIC-15 65 84
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 21 17
Lateral force (kN) 1.2 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 56 54
Average deflection (mm) 31 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.67 4.92
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.38 1.26
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1 0.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3 1.3
Combined force (kN) 1.3 1.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0 1.0
L-M moment (Nm) 178 200
A-P moment (Nm) 28 37

Rating applies to 2007-09 models

Tested vehicle: 2009 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 LT Crew Cab 4x2 with optional front and rear head curtain airbags

The Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 were redesigned for the 2007 model year. Two tests of a 2009 Silverado 1500 were conducted, one with optional side airbags for the driver and rear passenger, and one without. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structural ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbag and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0856 CES0903
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) 3.5 3.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0856 CES0903
Head HIC-15 323 456
Neck
Tension (kN) 2.4 2.3
Compression (kN) 0.0 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 61 48
Lateral force (kN) 1.9 2.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 58 52
Average deflection (mm) 45 39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 9.40 9.96
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 2.49 1.82
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4 1.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 4.9 3.5
Combined force (kN) 6.1 5.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 102 110
A-P moment (Nm) 39 25

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0856 CES0903
Head HIC-15 65 84
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 21 17
Lateral force (kN) 1.2 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 56 54
Average deflection (mm) 31 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.67 4.92
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.38 1.26
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1 0.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3 1.3
Combined force (kN) 1.3 1.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0 1.0
L-M moment (Nm) 178 200
A-P moment (Nm) 28 37

How the side crash test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2007-13 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 62
Distance below top of head (mm) 42
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 9.1
Head contact time (ms) 87
Force rating 2
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 183
Max neck tension (N) 528

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted