2017 GMC Canyon

small pickup / Crew cab pickup

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Optional system
Basic

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional lane departure warning

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Chevrolet Colorado LT Crew Cab 2wd

The Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon Crew Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market. Beginning with the 2017 model year, the A-pillar, door lower hinge pillar, and door sill were reinforced to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Intrusion into the driver's space was reasonably well controlled, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1703
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 12
Footrest (cm) 14
Left toepan (cm) 9
Brake pedal (cm) 11
Parking brake (cm) 15
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 5
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 13
Upper dash (cm) 11
Lower instrument panel (cm) 9

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1703
Head
HIC-15 79
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 5
Maximum Nij 0.21
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 2.7
Right 2.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 9
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.39
Right 0.74
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.9
Right 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 98
Right 67

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Tested vehicle: 2019 Chevrolet Colorado LT Crew Cab

The Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon Crew Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market. Although the structure was reinforced starting with the 2017 model year on the driver side to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes, no such changes were made on the passenger side.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger's survival space was not maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the passenger dummy’s head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Extensive intrusion of the dashboard, toepan, and door hinge pillar contributed to a significant risk of injury to the right lower leg and a moderate risk to the left lower leg and both knees.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP1826
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 26
Footrest (cm) 24
Right toepan (cm) 13
Center toepan (cm) 9
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 15
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 21
Upper dash (cm) 19
Right lower dash (cm) 17

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP1826
Head
HIC-15 113
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 17
Femur (kN)
Left 4.9
Right 5.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 15
Right 15
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 3
Right 5
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.88
Right 1.14
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 5.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 70
Right 123

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP1826
Head
HIC-15 50
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.13
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 0.0
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.14
Right 0.20
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 1.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 34
Right 29

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 GMC Canyon SLT Crew Cab 4wd

The GMC Canyon and Chevrolet Colorado Crew Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1406
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 5
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1406
Head
HIC-15 210
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 2.2
Femur force - right (kN) 0.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 9
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.60
Maximum tibia index - right 0.25
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 90
Right 63

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Chevrolet Colorado LT Crew Cab 2wd

The Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon Crew Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1701
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -21.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1701
Head HIC-15 183
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 34
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 34
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.25
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.57
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.3
Combined force (kN) 3.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.9
L-M moment (Nm) 43
A-P moment (Nm) 18

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1701
Head HIC-15 85
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 42
Lateral force (kN) 2.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 35
Average deflection (mm) 30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.33
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.62
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.2
Combined force (kN) 1.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 106
A-P moment (Nm) -40

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Chevrolet Colorado LT Crew Cab 2wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,162 lbs
Peak force 21,460 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.16

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 26
Distance below top of head (mm) 34
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.5
Head contact time (ms) 60
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 15
Max neck tension (N) 414

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Optional Forward Collisiion Alert

Package name

  • Optional Driver Alert Package

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2015-19 models

Basic
Basic
with optional equipment
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • Autobrake not available.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 88.4 m 368.8 %
Straightaway left edge 59.4 m 368.8 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 58.9 m 178.0 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 50.9 m 257.9 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.1 m 288.0 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 41.0 m 126.6 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 134.5 m
Straightaway left edge 115.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 64.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 50.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.7 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SLE
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SLE
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 22
Clearance angle (degrees) 74
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 19
Clearance angle (degrees) 78
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 26
Clearance angle (degrees) 80
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 23
Clearance angle (degrees) 84
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated