1999 Ford Windstar


1999 Ford Windstar Minivan


Rating overview
Moderate overlap front: original test


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Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 1999-2003 models

Tested vehicle: 1999 Ford Windstar LX 4-door van

The Ford Windstar was redesigned for the 1999 model year to include an optional fourth door and modifications to the front-end structure.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement was well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury. There was too much upward movement of the steering wheel.

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

There was moderate intrusion into the footwell area and too much steering wheel movement, but the driver's upper interior survival space was maintained reasonably well.

Intrusion into the driver footwell contributed to moderately high forces on the dummy's left leg.

The fixed head restraints are too low to protect many drivers, especially people taller than this dummy representing an average-size male.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF99002
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 22
Left (cm) 17
Center (cm) 18
Right (cm) 19
Brake pedal (cm) 25
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 6
Right (cm) 4
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 11
Rearward (cm) 3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF99002
HIC-15 183
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 22
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur force - left (kN) 2.1
Femur force - right (kN) 1.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.91
Maximum tibia index - right 0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 52
Right 60

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

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