Top Safety Pick

2021 Ford F-150

large pickup / Extended cab pickup

Award applies only to vehicles with specific headlights built after June 2021

2021 Ford F-150 Extended cab pickup
Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side: original test
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior
Optional system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian
Standard system
Superior
Optional system
Advanced

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2021 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Ford F-150 XLT SuperCab

The Ford F-150 was redesigned for the 2021 model year. Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an F-150 conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but partly slid off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN2103
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Footrest (cm) 12
Left toepan (cm) 12
Brake pedal (cm) 10
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 5
Lower instrument panel (cm) 6

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN2103
Head
HIC-15 165
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.33
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.52
Right 0.45
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 102
Right 98

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2021 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Ford F-150 XLT SuperCab

The Ford F-150 was redesigned for the 2021 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an F-150 conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP2106
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 13
Footrest (cm) 18
Right toepan (cm) 17
Center toepan (cm) 14
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 9
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 13
Upper dash (cm) 10
Right lower dash (cm) 10

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP2106
Head
HIC-15 162
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 43
Maximum Nij 0.45
Chest maximum compression (mm) 16
Femur (kN)
Left 1.3
Right 2.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 11
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.56
Right 0.68
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 2.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 76
Right 93

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP2106
Head
HIC-15 57
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 5
Maximum Nij 0.12
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.23
Right 0.22
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 0.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 28
Right 68

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2021 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Ford F-150 XLT SuperCab

The Ford F-150 was redesigned for the 2021 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an F-150 conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF2103
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) -1
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 2
Rearward (cm) -10
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF2103
Head
HIC-15 259
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 18
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.0
Femur force - right (kN) 1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right 0.61
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 5.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 64
Right 123

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2021 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Ford F-150 Lariat SuperCab

The Ford F-150 was redesigned for the 2021 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an F-150 conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2103
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -14.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2103
Head HIC-15 208
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 34
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 42
Average deflection (mm) 39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.80
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.49
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.1
Combined force (kN) 5.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 21
A-P moment (Nm) 71

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2103
Head HIC-15 203
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 18
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34
Average deflection (mm) 26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.80
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.46
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.9
Combined force (kN) 2.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 73
A-P moment (Nm) 65

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2015-21 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Ford F-150 XLT SuperCab

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,596 lbs
Peak force 24,536 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.34

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 18
Distance below top of head (mm) 20
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.2
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 14
Max neck tension (N) 587

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

Ratings are given for 2 different trim variations available on this vehicle.

System details

  • Standard Pre-Collision Assist with Automatic Emergency Braking

Package name

  • Standard Ford Co-Pilot360 2.0 (camera only)

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2021 models

Superior
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

System details

  • Optional Pre-Collision Assist with Automatic Emergency Braking

Package name

  • Optional Ford Co-Pilot360 Assist 2.0 package (camera and radar)
  • optional on XLT and Lariat trims

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2021 models

Superior
Superior
with optional equipment
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian

Ratings are given for 2 different trim variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Standard XL trim
  • Standard XLT trim
  • Standard Lariat trim

System details

  • Pre-Collision Assist with Automatic Emergency Braking (Co-Pilot360 2.0; camera only)

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2021 models

Superior
Superior

Crossing child

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 19 mph.

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 34 mph. A warning was issued 1.8 seconds before impact.

Trim level(s)

  • Optional XLT trim equipped with Ford Co-Pilot Assist 2.0 package
  • Optional Lariat trim equipped with Ford Co-Pilot Assist 2.0 package

System details

  • Pre-Collision Assist with Automatic Emergency Braking (Co-Pilot360 Assist 2.0; camera and radar)

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2021 models

Advanced
Advanced
with optional equipment

Crossing child

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 17 mph.

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 30 mph. A warning was issued 2 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 3 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Lariat trim equipped with 502A package; built after June 2021
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Lariat trim equipped with 502A package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2021 models built after June 2021
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 94.1 m None
Straightaway left edge 48.4 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 76.9 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.0 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 65.2 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 51.1 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 135.7 m
Straightaway left edge 154.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 80.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 92.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 65.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 67.9 m

Trim level(s)

  • XLT trim equipped with 302A package; built after June 2021
  • Lariat trim; built after June 2021
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • XLT trim equipped with 302A package
  • Lariat trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2021 models built after June 2021
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 99.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 46.0 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 51.0 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 44.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 43.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 42.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 184.7 m
Straightaway left edge 169.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 59.5 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 57.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 47.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 48.2 m

Trim level(s)

  • XL trim; built after June 2021
  • XLT trim; built after June 2021
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • XL trim
  • XLT trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2021 models built after June 2021
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 73.7 m None
Straightaway left edge 30.7 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 36.6 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 33.8 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 34.1 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 29.9 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 130.0 m
Straightaway left edge 82.6 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 46.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 42.4 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 37.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 33.5 m

How headlights are evaluated