2024 Ford F-150

large pickup / Crew cab pickup

2024 Ford F-150 Crew cab pickup
2023 Ford F-150 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Moderate overlap front: updated test
Side: updated test

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2021-24 models built after March 2021

Tested vehicle: 2021 Ford F-150 XL SuperCrew

The Ford F-150 was redesigned for the 2021 model year. Beginning with 2021 models built after March, reinforcements were added to the left and right-hand side of the frame to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an F-150 conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN2104
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Footrest (cm) 8
Left toepan (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 8
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Upper dash (cm) 7
Lower instrument panel (cm) 6

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN2104
Head
HIC-15 116
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 2.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.75
Right 0.64
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 4.3
Right 3.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 168
Right 140

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2021-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Ford F-150 XLT SuperCrew

The Ford F-150 was redesigned for the 2021 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an F-150 conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP2103
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Footrest (cm) 20
Right toepan (cm) 16
Center toepan (cm) 9
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 6
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 13
Upper dash (cm) 12
Right lower dash (cm) 11

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP2103
Head
HIC-15 83
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 21
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 15
Femur (kN)
Left 1.6
Right 3.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 10
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.49
Right 0.57
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 81
Right 165

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP2103
Head
HIC-15 60
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.14
Chest maximum compression (mm) 16
Femur (kN)
Left 0.0
Right 0.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.31
Right 0.25
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 33
Right 39

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2021-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Ford F-150 XLT SuperCrew

The Ford F-150 was redesigned for the 2021 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an F-150 conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF2102
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 11
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) -1
Right (cm) -1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF2102
Head
HIC-15 213
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 20
Maximum Nij 0.21
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.8
Femur force - right (kN) 0.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.49
Maximum tibia index - right 0.32
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 70
Right 87

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Ford F-150 Supercrew 4-door 4wd

The Ford F-150 was redesigned for the 2021 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh/hip
Leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh
Rear passenger restraints and dummy kinematics

View of the vehicle after the crash showing the airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

The rear passenger dummy's head remained a safe distance from the front seatback.

Rear passenger dummy injury values indicate a likely risk of injury to the head or neck and chest. During the crash, the shoulder belt moved too far upward toward the dummy’s neck, compromising the effectiveness of the rear restraint system.

The rear passenger dummy's lap belt moved from the ideal position on the pelvis onto the abdomen, increasing the risk of abdominal injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2332
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 4
Right (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 2
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2332
Head
HIC-15 312
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 26
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.39
Right 0.47
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.2
Right 2.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 47
Right 52

Rear passenger injury measures

Test ID CEF2332
Head
HIC-15 for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 3.1
Compression (kN) 0.5
Maximum Nij for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Chest
Chest index 64
Shoulder belt tension (kN) 6.7
Thigh (kN)
Left femur compression 0.4
Right femur compression 0.1

How the updated moderate overlap front test is conducted

February 2024 adjustment to rating criteria

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Ford F-150 XL Supercrew 4-door 4wd

The Ford F-150 was redesigned for the 2021 model year. Two Side 2.0 tests of the F-150 crew cab were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Ford as part of side crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests, but the vehicle specifications shown below are based on the Institute’s test.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection
Part of the dummy's head moved beyond the rear portion of the side curtain airbag and contacted the C-pillar. The head protection is inadequate.

View of the vehicle just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy's head struck the C-pillar despite the deployment of the side curtain airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2305 CES2308
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -16.0 -17.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2305 CES2308
Head
HIC-15 40 56
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.2 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 7 11
Lateral force (kN) 0.4 0.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 14 15
Average deflection (mm) 12 13
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.55 1.81
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.07 0.12
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 1.9 1.4

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2305 CES2308
Head
HIC-15 249 194
Peak gs at hard contact 69 55
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.3 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 14 10
Lateral force (kN) 1.0 0.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 25 17
Average deflection (mm) 14 11
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.15 1.65
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.20 0.08
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 2.3 1.8

How the side crash test is conducted

Seat belt reminders

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Overall evaluation
Front row
Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration Negligible (under 8 seconds)
Volume
Audio frequency
Second row
Startup status alert (visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 60 seconds
Belt disengaged alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 30 seconds
Volume
Audio frequency
Technical measurements for this test
Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 48 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 64 dB
Difference between background and signal 16.4 dB
Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 52 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 67 dB
Difference between background and signal 15.1 dB
Dominant audio frequency 744 Hz

How seat belt reminders are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2021-24 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim XLT SuperCrew
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim XLT SuperCrew
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 73
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 71
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 66
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 68
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated