2020 Ford Explorer

midsize SUV / 4-door SUV

2020 Ford Explorer 4-door SUV

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Optional system
Superior
Standard system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Standard blind spot detection
  • Standard lane departure warning
  • Standard lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2020 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Explorer XLT 4-door 4wd

The Ford Explorer was redesigned for the 2020 model year and the Lincoln Aviator was introduced in the same model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Although intrusion overall into the passenger's space was low, intrusion of the footrest and left portion of the toepan contributed to a likely risk of injury to the left lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1908
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Footrest (cm) 20
Left toepan (cm) 18
Brake pedal (cm) 15
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 5
Lower instrument panel (cm) 9

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1908
Head
HIC-15 110
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 1.7
Right 1.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 6
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 1.54
Right 0.50
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.8
Right 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 122
Right 80

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2020 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Explorer XLT 4-door 4wd

The Ford Explorer was redesigned for the 2020 model year and the Lincoln Aviator was introduced in the same model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1914
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 2
Left (cm) 3
Center (cm) 4
Right (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -4
Rearward (cm) -9
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1914
Head
HIC-15 109
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.21
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 0.4
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.53
Maximum tibia index - right 0.31
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 56
Right 49

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2020 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Explorer XLT 4-door 4wd

The Ford Explorer was redesigned for the 2020 model year and the Lincoln Aviator was introduced in the same model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1916
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -22.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1916
Head HIC-15 74
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 28
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 30
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.10
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.34
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3
Combined force (kN) 2.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 72
A-P moment (Nm) -22

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1916
Head HIC-15 74
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 12
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 14
Average deflection (mm) 10
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.86
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.12
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.0
Combined force (kN) 2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 55
A-P moment (Nm) 15

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2020 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Explorer XLT 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,395 lbs
Peak force 24,237 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.51

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 10
Distance below top of head (mm) -6
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.7
Head contact time (ms) 51
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 461

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

Ratings are given for 2 different trim variations available on this vehicle.

System details

  • Optional Pre-Collision Assist with Automatic Emergency Braking

Package name

  • Optional Ford Co-Pilot360™ Assist+

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2020 models

Superior
Superior
with optional equipment
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle nearly avoided a collision.

System details

  • Standard Pre-Collision Assist with Automatic Emergency Braking

Package name

  • Standard Ford Co-Pilot360™

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2020 models

Superior
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Platinum trim; built after June 2019
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Platinum trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2020 models built after June 2019
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 77.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 43.4 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 89.8 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 74.7 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 135.4 m
Straightaway left edge 131.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 105.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 81.3 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 81.1 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 68.1 m

Trim level(s)

  • XLT trim; built after June 2019
  • Limited trim; built after June 2019
  • ST trim; built after June 2019
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp right curve and inadequate on the gradual right and both left curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • XLT trim
  • Limited trim
  • ST trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2020 models built after June 2019
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 97.2 m 12.7 %
Straightaway left edge 43.0 m 12.7 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 47.1 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 43.6 m None
150m radius right curve, left edge 47.5 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 42.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 178.3 m
Straightaway left edge 158.9 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 72.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 73.0 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 61.1 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 59.8 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2020 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim XLT
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 4 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim XLT
Seat type cloth
1 3 6 4
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
4
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
6
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 19
Clearance angle (degrees) 87
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 22
Clearance angle (degrees) 89
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 17
Clearance angle (degrees) 88
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 11
Clearance angle (degrees) 92
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 31

6

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 85
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 11
Clearance angle (degrees) 87
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 33

4

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 85
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 15
Clearance angle (degrees) 87
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated