2024 Ford Expedition

large SUV / 4-door SUV

2024 Ford Expedition 4-door SUV

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front
Moderate overlap front: original test
Moderate overlap front: updated test
Side: updated test

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: pedestrian
Standard system

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor

Small overlap front

The small overlap front evaluation consists of a driver-side and a passenger-side component. If the results of the two evaluations differ, then the combined small overlap rating is equal to the lower rating.

Driver-side

  • Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Ford Expedition XLT 4-door 4wd

The Ford Expedition was redesigned for the 2018 model year.

Overall driver-side evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but slid off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well. During the crash, the A-pillar separated completely from the rocker panel and the steering column became partially detached from the instrument panel.

Extensive intrusion of the footrest, toepan and brake pedal contributed to a high risk of injury to the right lower leg and a moderate risk to the left lower leg.

The dummy's head contacted the frontal airbag but then slid off the left side.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN2402
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 52
Footrest (cm) 34
Left toepan (cm) 29
Brake pedal (cm) 35
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 7
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 19
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 50
Upper dash (cm) 31
Lower instrument panel (cm) 24

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN2402
Head
HIC-15 245
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 21
Maximum Nij 0.35
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Femur (kN)
Left 4.5
Right 4.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 13
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 2
Right 3
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.90
Right 1.33
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.8
Right 4.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 94
Right 118

Passenger-side

  • Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Ford Expedition XLT 4-door 4wd

The Ford Expedition was redesigned for the 2018 model year.

Overall passenger-side evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well. During the crash, the A-pillar separated completely from the rocker panel.

Extensive intrusion of the footrest and toepan contributed to a high risk of injury to the right lower leg and a moderate risk to the left lower leg.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP2401
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 52
Footrest (cm) 31
Right toepan (cm) 27
Center toepan (cm) 20
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 15
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 46
Upper dash (cm) 22
Right lower dash (cm) 18

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP2401
Head
HIC-15 83
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 12
Femur (kN)
Left 1.5
Right 4.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 3
Right 14
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 3
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.34
Right 0.74
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.4
Right 3.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 120
Right 136

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP2401
Head
HIC-15 60
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 29
Femur (kN)
Left 0.0
Right 0.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.26
Right 0.24
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.8
Right 1.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 30
Right 45

How the small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2024 Ford Expedition XLT 4-door 4wd

The Ford Expedition was redesigned for the 2018 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The driver side curtain airbag did not deploy during the crash test.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2406
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 14
Right (cm) 11
Brake pedal (cm) 8
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2406
Head
HIC-15 255
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 37
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.2
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.39
Maximum tibia index - right 0.33
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 81
Right 81

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2024 Ford Expedition XLT 4-door 4wd

The Ford Expedition was redesigned for the 2018 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh/hip
Leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh
Rear passenger restraints and dummy kinematics

View of the vehicle after the crash showing the front driver airbags and damage to the occupant compartment. The driver and rear passenger side curtain airbags did not deploy during the test.

The rear passenger dummy's head remained a safe distance from the front seatback.

Rear passenger dummy injury values indicate a low risk of injury to the head or neck and a moderate risk of injury to the chest. During the crash, the shoulder belt remained in an ideal position on the dummy’s chest.

The rear passenger dummy's lap belt remained in the ideal position on the pelvis.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2406
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 14
Right (cm) 11
Brake pedal (cm) 8
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2406
Head
HIC-15 255
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 37
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.39
Right 0.33
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 3.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 81
Right 81

Rear passenger injury measures

Test ID CEF2406
Head
HIC-15 for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.9
Compression (kN) 0.1
Maximum Nij for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Chest
Chest index 41
Shoulder belt tension (kN) 6.5
Thigh (kN)
Left femur compression 0.1
Right femur compression 0.1

How the updated moderate overlap front test is conducted

February 2024 adjustment to rating criteria

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Ford Expedition XLT 4-door 4wd

The Ford Expedition was redesigned for the 2018 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.

The rear dummy's head contacted the side curtain airbag hard but did not contact any hard surfaces within the occupant compartment.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES2402
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -21.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES2402
Head
HIC-15 10
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 10
Lateral force (kN) 0.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 18
Average deflection (mm) 13
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.03
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.32
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 2.5

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES2402
Head
HIC-15 296
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 21
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 24
Average deflection (mm) 15
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.13
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.27
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 1.8

How the side crash test is conducted

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both left curves and inadequate on both right curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right and gradual left curves and inadequate on the sharp left and sharp right curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2023-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 94.5 m 39.3%
Straightaway left edge 58.5 m 39.3%
250m radius right curve, right edge 51.6 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 56.3 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 41.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.5 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 169.0 m
Straightaway left edge 157.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 76.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 75.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 53.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 54.9 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: pedestrian

Rating applies to all 2023-24 models

System details

  • standard Co-Pilot 360 Assist+
Overall evaluation
Includes high-beam assist credit

Crossing child — day

  • In the 12 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Crossing adult — night

  • In the 12 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult — night

  • In the 25 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph test, impact speed was reduced by 33 mph when using its high beams and a warning was issued 1.7 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 27 mph and a warning was issued 1.2 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Seat belt reminders

Rating applies to 2024 models

Overall evaluation
Front row
Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration Long enough (90+ seconds)
Volume
Audio frequency
Second row
Startup status alert (visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 60 seconds
Belt disengaged alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 30 seconds
Volume
Audio frequency
Technical measurements for this test
Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 48 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 72 dB
Difference between background and signal 23.2 dB
Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 53 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 72 dB
Difference between background and signal 19.1 dB
Dominant audio frequency 736 Hz

How seat belt reminders are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Rating applies to 2024 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim XLT
Seat type leatherette

This vehicle has 4 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim XLT
Seat type leatherette
1 3 6 4 5
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
4
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
5
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
6
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 32
Clearance angle (degrees) 71
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 28
Clearance angle (degrees) 71
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 33
Clearance angle (degrees) 74
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 28
Clearance angle (degrees) 71
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 31

6

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 25
Clearance angle (degrees) 97
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 18
Clearance angle (degrees) 96
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 32

5

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 33

4

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 16
Clearance angle (degrees) 95
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 20
Clearance angle (degrees) 95
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated

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