2024 Ford Escape

small SUV / 4-door SUV

2024 Ford Escape 4-door SUV
2023 Ford Escape shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Moderate overlap front: updated test
Side: original test
Side: updated test

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use
+

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year, and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1910
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Footrest (cm) 2
Left toepan (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 1
Lower instrument panel (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1910
Head
HIC-15 80
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.42
Right 0.33
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.1
Right 0.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 43
Right 19

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year, and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1931
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Footrest (cm) 4
Right toepan (cm) 8
Center toepan (cm) 1
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 6
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Upper dash (cm) 9
Right lower dash (cm) 8

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1931
Head
HIC-15 78
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 4.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 3
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.29
Right 0.39
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 0.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 75
Right 52

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1931
Head
HIC-15 72
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.16
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 0.0
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.44
Right 0.21
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 19
Right 36

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year, and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1921
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 5
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) -1
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1921
Head
HIC-15 276
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 0.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.25
Maximum tibia index - right 0.34
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 57
Right 67

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: updated test

Rating applies to 2022-24 models built after May 2022

Tested vehicle: 2022 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year. Beginning with 2022 Escape models built after May 2022, improvements were made to the rear seatbelt to improve rear occupant protection in moderate overlap front crashes (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the driver door or adjacent B-pillar).

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh/hip
Leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh
Rear passenger restraints and dummy kinematics

View of the vehicle after the crash showing the airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

The rear passenger dummy's head approached the front seatback, which increases the risk of head injuries.

Rear passenger dummy injury values indicate a low risk of injury to the head or neck and chest. During the crash, the shoulder belt remained in an ideal position on the dummy’s chest.

The rear passenger dummy's lap belt remained in the ideal position on the pelvis.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2226
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2226
Head
HIC-15 122
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 0.3
Right 0.4
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.25
Right 0.34
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.7
Right 1.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 47
Right 91

Rear passenger injury measures

Test ID CEF2226
Head
HIC-15 for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Compression (kN) 0.3
Maximum Nij for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Chest
Chest index 32
Shoulder belt tension (kN) 4.5
Thigh (kN)
Left femur compression 0.1
Right femur compression 0.1

How the updated moderate overlap front test is conducted

February 2024 adjustment to rating criteria

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year, and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1922
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -22.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1922
Head HIC-15 193
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 45
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38
Average deflection (mm) 34
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.06
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.78
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 71
A-P moment (Nm) 26

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1922
Head HIC-15 108
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.89
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.27
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 2.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.1
L-M moment (Nm) 80
A-P moment (Nm) 17

How the side crash test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Ford Escape S 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year, and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
The dummy's head moved downward past the side curtain airbag and struck the window sill of the driver door hard, while the head was in proximity to the intruding barrier. Although the barrier did not hit the dummy's head in this test, this near miss indicates that only slightly different crash circumstances could produce a direct hit to a person's head. The head protection is inadequate.
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows that the driver dummy's head moved downward, past the side curtain airbag, and contacted the window sill (inset).

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbags.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES2105
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -17.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES2105
Head
HIC-15 391
Peak gs at hard contact 93
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.7
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 28
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 45
Average deflection (mm) 39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.64
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 5.2

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES2105
Head
HIC-15 168
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 39
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38
Average deflection (mm) 35
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.34
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.41
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 4.9

How the side crash test is conducted

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • Platinum trim
  • ST-Line Elite trim
  • PHEV trim equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Platinum trim
  • ST-Line Elite trim
  • PHEV trim equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2023-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 99.4 m None
Straightaway left edge 56.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 56.9 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 51.3 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 53.6 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.2 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 169.0 m
Straightaway left edge 114.5 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 84.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 71.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 70.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 60.7 m

How headlights are evaluated

Seat belt reminders

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Overall evaluation
Front row
Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration Long enough (90+ seconds)
Volume
Audio frequency
Second row
Startup status alert (visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 60 seconds
Belt disengaged alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 30 seconds
Volume
Audio frequency
Technical measurements for this test
Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 52 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 66 dB
Difference between background and signal 13.2 dB
Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 56 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 64 dB
Difference between background and signal 8.8 dB
Dominant audio frequency 736 Hz

How seat belt reminders are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2020-24 models

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim SE
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim SE
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 74
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 74
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 1
Clearance angle (degrees) 63
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 1
Clearance angle (degrees) 75
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated