2023 Ford Escape

small SUV / 4-door SUV

2023 Ford Escape 4-door SUV
2021 Ford Escape shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side: original test
Side: updated test
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Seat belts & child restraints

LATCH ease of use
+

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2020-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1910
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Footrest (cm) 2
Left toepan (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 1
Lower instrument panel (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1910
Head
HIC-15 80
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.42
Right 0.33
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.1
Right 0.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 43
Right 19

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2020-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1931
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Footrest (cm) 4
Right toepan (cm) 8
Center toepan (cm) 1
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 6
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Upper dash (cm) 9
Right lower dash (cm) 8

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1931
Head
HIC-15 78
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 4.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 3
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.29
Right 0.39
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 0.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 75
Right 52

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1931
Head
HIC-15 72
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.16
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 0.0
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.44
Right 0.21
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 19
Right 36

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2020-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1921
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 5
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) -1
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1921
Head
HIC-15 276
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 0.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.25
Maximum tibia index - right 0.34
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 57
Right 67

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2020-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1922
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -22.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1922
Head HIC-15 193
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 45
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38
Average deflection (mm) 34
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.06
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.78
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 71
A-P moment (Nm) 26

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1922
Head HIC-15 108
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.89
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.27
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 2.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.1
L-M moment (Nm) 80
A-P moment (Nm) 17

How the side crash test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2020-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Ford Escape S 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2020 model year and the Lincoln Corsair was introduced in the same model year. The Corsair replaces the Lincoln MKC.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
The dummy's head moved downward past the side curtain airbag and struck the window sill of the driver door hard, while the head was in proximity to the intruding barrier. Although the barrier did not hit the dummy's head in this test, this near miss indicates that only slightly different crash circumstances could produce a direct hit to a person's head. The head protection is inadequate.
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows that the driver dummy's head moved downward, past the side curtain airbag, and contacted the window sill (inset).

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbags.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES2105
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -17.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES2105
Head
HIC-15 391
Peak gs at hard contact 93
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.7
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 28
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 45
Average deflection (mm) 39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.64
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 5.2

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES2105
Head
HIC-15 168
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 39
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38
Average deflection (mm) 35
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.34
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.41
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 4.9

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2020-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,480 lbs
Peak force 19,700 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.66

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 8
Distance below top of head (mm) 6
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.0
Head contact time (ms) 53
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 294

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2020-23 models

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim SE
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim SE
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 74
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 74
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 1
Clearance angle (degrees) 63
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 1
Clearance angle (degrees) 75
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated