2019 Ford Escape

small SUV / 4-door SUV

2019 Ford Escape 4-door SUV
2018 Ford Escape shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Optional system
Basic

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Optional daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning
  • Optional lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Beginning with 2017 models, the driver door hinge pillar was reinforced and the front-end structure was modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but started to slide off the left side because the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but then slid partway off the left side, allowing the head to move into the gap in coverage between the frontal and side curtain airbags.

Intrusion into the driver's space was reasonably well controlled, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1622
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Footrest (cm) 4
Left toepan (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 12
Upper dash (cm) 9
Lower instrument panel (cm) 5

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1622
Head
HIC-15 113
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 3
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.47
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.7
Right 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 51
Right 49

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2013-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2018 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Although Ford reinforced the structure starting with the 2017 model year on the driver side to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes, no such changes were made on the passenger side.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but then rolled around the right side. The side curtain airbag did not deploy, leaving the dummy's head vulnerable to contact with side structure and outside objects.
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger's survival space was not maintained well.

The dummy's head contacted the frontal airbag but then rolled around to the right. The side curtain airbag did not deploy, uncommon for 2018 model year and later vehicles.

Extensive intrusion of the dashboard and door hinge pillar contributed to a likely risk of injury to the right hip.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP1807
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 22
Footrest (cm) 14
Right toepan (cm) 12
Center toepan (cm) 10
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 10
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 16
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 27
Upper dash (cm) 19
Right lower dash (cm) 16

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP1807
Head
HIC-15 75
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Femur (kN)
Left 3.4
Right 16.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 12
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 100
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.38
Right 0.77
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.3
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 42
Right 41

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP1807
Head
HIC-15 34
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 34
Femur (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 0.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.39
Right 0.30
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 0.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 21
Right 34

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2013-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests of the Escape were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's moderate offset frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well (Institute test car shown).

Smeared greasepaint behind the dummy's head shows where the head was protected from hitting hard structures during rebound by the side curtain airbag in the Institute's test.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal in both tests, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1205 CEF1206
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6 8
Left (cm) 8 12
Center (cm) 8 10
Right (cm) 8 7
Brake pedal (cm) 3 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 1
Right (cm) 1 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1 3
Rearward (cm) 1 -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1205 CEF1206
Head
HIC-15 223 212
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12 23
Maximum Nij 0.22 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.6 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6 0.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.27 0.26
Maximum tibia index - right 0.35 0.36
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.7 1.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.0 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 38 61
Right 85 85

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2013-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Side impact ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1203
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -19.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1203
Head HIC-15 160
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27
Average deflection (mm) 21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.29
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.5
Combined force (kN) 3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 47
A-P moment (Nm) -25

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1203
Head HIC-15 118
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 2.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 19
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.41
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.5
Combined force (kN) 2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 50
A-P moment (Nm) 18

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2013-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,612 lbs
Peak force 18,167 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.03

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2018-19 models

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 7
Distance below top of head (mm) 5
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.0
Head contact time (ms) 41
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 3
Max neck tension (N) 318

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Headlights

Ratings are given for 6 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Titanium trim equipped with Ford Safe and Smart package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and gradual left curves and inadequate on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Titanium trim equipped with Ford Safe and Smart package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 95.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 49.7 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 61.6 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 48.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 51.5 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 143.3 m
Straightaway left edge 129.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.5 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 65.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 53.2 m

Trim level(s)

  • Titanium trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and gradual left curves and inadequate on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Titanium trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2018-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 95.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 49.7 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 61.6 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 48.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 51.5 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 143.3 m
Straightaway left edge 129.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.5 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 65.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 53.2 m

Trim level(s)

  • SEL trim equipped with Ford Safe and Smart package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • SEL trim equipped with Ford Safe and Smart package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2018-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 90.5 m None
Straightaway left edge 49.5 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 49.8 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.0 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 41.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 39.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 172.8 m
Straightaway left edge 113.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 58.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 55.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.3 m

Trim level(s)

  • SEL trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • SEL trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 90.5 m None
Straightaway left edge 49.5 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 49.8 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.0 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 41.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 39.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 172.8 m
Straightaway left edge 113.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 58.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 55.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.3 m

Trim level(s)

  • SE trim equipped with Ford Safe and Smart package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left and both right curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual left curve and inadequate on the sharp left and both right curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • SE trim equipped with Ford Safe and Smart package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2018-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 95.5 m 36.1 %
Straightaway left edge 52.9 m 36.1 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 45.3 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 49.1 m 8.9 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 41.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.0 m 14.1 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 165.4 m
Straightaway left edge 136.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 61.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 66.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 51.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 52.0 m

Trim level(s)

  • S trim
  • SE trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left and both right curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual left curve and inadequate on the sharp left and both right curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • S trim
  • SE trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 95.5 m 36.1 %
Straightaway left edge 52.9 m 36.1 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 45.3 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 49.1 m 8.9 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 41.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.0 m 14.1 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 165.4 m
Straightaway left edge 136.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 61.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 66.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 51.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 52.0 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention

System details

  • Optional Forward Collision Warning and Brake Support

Package name

  • Optional Adaptive Cruise Control with Forward Collision Warning and Brake Support

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • Autobrake not available.
Basic
Basic
with optional equipment

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2015-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SE
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 62
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 21
Clearance angle (degrees) 63
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 19
Clearance angle (degrees) 64
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 21
Clearance angle (degrees) 46
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated