2016 Fiat 500L

small car / 4-door hatchback

2016 Fiat 500L 4-door hatchback
2014 Fiat 500L shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Fiat 500L Trekking 4-door

The Fiat 500L was introduced in the 2014 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but slid off the left side as the steering column moved 13 cm to the right, contributing to the head hitting the A-pillar. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

During the crash, the dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but slid off the left side as the steering column moved to the right, and the head hit the intruding A-pillar.

Door hinge pillar and instrument panel intrusion was extensive and contributed to a high risk of injury to the left hip and a moderate risk to both lower legs.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1414
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 25
Footrest (cm) 20
Left toepan (cm) 17
Brake pedal (cm) 12
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 14
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 28
Upper dash (cm) 28
Lower instrument panel (cm) 24

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1414
Head
HIC-15 228
Peak gs at hard contact not meas.
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 10.1
Right 3.9
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 10
Right 9
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 63
Right 1
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.88
Right 0.82
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.8
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 90
Right 71

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Fiat 500L Trekking 4-door

The Fiat 500L was introduced in the 2014 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head hit the window frame and head restraint during rebound. Head accelerations from these hits were low.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1304
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 2
Center (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1304
Head
HIC-15 300
Peak gs at hard contact 32
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 36
Maximum Nij 0.36
Chest maximum compression (mm) 34
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.6
Femur force - right (kN) 1.3
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 3
Maximum tibia index - left 0.53
Maximum tibia index - right 0.40
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 3.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 74
Right 104

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Fiat 500L Trekking 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Fiat 500L was introduced in the 2014 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1309
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -21.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1309
Head HIC-15 142
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 26
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 30
Average deflection (mm) 26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.38
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.36
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 4.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 93
A-P moment (Nm) -40

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1309
Head HIC-15 299
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 43
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27
Average deflection (mm) 14
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.34
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.7
Combined force (kN) 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.3
L-M moment (Nm) 158
A-P moment (Nm) 32

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Fiat 500L Trekking 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,317 lbs
Peak force 19,557 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.90

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 55
Distance below top of head (mm) 26
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.8
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 52
Max neck tension (N) 503

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted