2016 Fiat 500

minicar / 2-door hatchback

2016 Fiat 500 2-door hatchback
2013 Fiat 500 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2012-19 models built after July 2011

Tested vehicle: 2013 Fiat 500 Pop 2-door

The Fiat 500 was introduced in the 2012 model year. Fiat Chrysler modified the seat structure to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes beginning with 2012 models manufactured after July 2011. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The driver door hinges were torn apart and the door opened at the front, which shouldn't happen because the driver could be partly or completely ejected from the vehicle. The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 11 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag deployed.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

During the crash, the dummy's head and torso barely contacted the airbag before sliding off to the left as the steering column moved to the right. The inflated part of the side curtain airbag did not extend far enough forward toward the A-pillar.

Instrument panel and door hinge pillar intrusion was extensive and contributed to a high risk of injury to the left lower leg, a significant risk to the left thigh, and a possible risk of injury to the right lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1325
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 21
Footrest (cm) 20
Left toepan (cm) 13
Brake pedal (cm) 9
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 5
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 7
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 19
Upper dash (cm) 17
Lower instrument panel (cm) 19

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1325
Head
HIC-15 151
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 45
Maximum Nij 0.52
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 8.2
Right 4.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 15
Right 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 19
Right 2
Maximum tibia index
Left 1.69
Right 0.79
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 6.4
Right 4.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 135
Right 82

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2012-19 models built after July 2011

Tested vehicle: 2012 Fiat 500 Sport 2-door

The Fiat 500 was introduced in the 2012 model year. Two tests of a 2012 Fiat 500 were conducted. In the first test, forces recorded on the dummy's head were high when it hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that head injuries would be possible. Postcrash investigation revealed that a steel cross tube in the seat structure was pulled out at one end and contributed to the seat pitching forward during the crash and the dummy's head moving too far forward into the airbag. In response, Fiat Chrysler modified the seat structure to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes beginning with cars manufactured after July 2011. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

In the second test of a car built after the seat modifications were in place, forces on the dummy's head were reduced, but the driver door unlatched. Because the front end structure of the car was not affected by the seat modifications or the door opening, structure ratings are based on both tests.

Postcrash investigation indicates that the door opening occurred because the dummy's arm broke the interior door handle, and the access hole for a bolt at the dummy's elbow engaged and activated the door latch. The door opening in the second test is an artifact of the dummy arm construction. Therefore, it is unlikely that in an actual crash the door latch would be activated.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the second of two frontal offset crash tests.

In both tests, the dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well (second test shown).

In both tests, forces recorded on the dummy's head were high when it hit the steering wheel through the airbag. In the second test (shown), forces on the head were reduced somewhat.

The dummy's arm broke the interior door handle, and an access hole for a bolt at the elbow (circled) engaged and activated the door latch.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1106 CEF1108
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4 4
Left (cm) 8 9
Center (cm) 6 8
Right (cm) 6 6
Brake pedal (cm) 1 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 1
Right (cm) 1 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 3 5
Rearward (cm) 1 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1108
Head
HIC-15 592
Peak gs at hard contact 89
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 34
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.5
Femur force - right (kN) 1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 5
Knee displacement - right (mm) 4
Maximum tibia index - left 0.75
Maximum tibia index - right 0.59
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 90
Right 158

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2012-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Fiat 500 Sport 2-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Fiat 500 was introduced in the 2012 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with door removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy's head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1114
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -17.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1114
Head HIC-15 365
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 31
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.24
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.92
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 4.0
Combined force (kN) 6.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.1
L-M moment (Nm) 149
A-P moment (Nm) 24

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1114
Head HIC-15 525
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 1.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 42
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 39
Average deflection (mm) 33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.32
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.69
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.3
Combined force (kN) 4.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 74
A-P moment (Nm) -51

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2012-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Fiat 500 Sport 2-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 2,469 lbs
Peak force 15,221 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 6.16

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2012-19 models built after July 2011

Seat type: Manual leatherette seat (AHR) built after July 2011

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual leatherette seat (AHR) mfg after July 2011
Geometry
Backset (mm) 35
Distance below top of head (mm) 34
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.9
Head contact time (ms) 55
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 32
Max neck tension (N) 305

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted