2016 Chevrolet Trax

small SUV / 4-door SUV

2016 Chevrolet Trax 4-door SUV

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Not available

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Buick Encore Convenience Group 4-door 4wd

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year. Beginning with 2015 models of the Encore and Trax, the front-end structure was modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained reasonably well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1502
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Footrest (cm) 9
Left toepan (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 9
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 4
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Upper dash (cm) 12
Lower instrument panel (cm) 12

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1502
Head
HIC-15 107
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 3.9
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 7
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.53
Right 0.33
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.8
Right 0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 56
Right 49

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Buick Encore Convenience Group 4-door 4wd

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year. Beginning with 2015 models of the Encore and Trax, the front-end structure was modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but started to roll around the right side because the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the head and torso.

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger’s survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the passenger dummy’s head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Intrusion into the passenger's space was reasonably well controlled, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CN15007
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 13
Footrest (cm) 11
Right toepan (cm) 7
Center toepan (cm) 1
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 4
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 7
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 12
Upper dash (cm) 11
Right lower dash (cm) 10

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CN15007
Head
HIC-15 110
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 3.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 1
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.58
Right 0.66
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 46
Right 50

Driver injury measures

Test ID CN15007
Head
HIC-15 105
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.19
Right 0.20
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 35
Right 49

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from hitting hard structures during rebound by the side curtain airbag.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low. The deployed knee airbag is resting on the dummy's lower legs.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1303
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 9
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 11
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2
Rearward (cm) -7
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1303
Head
HIC-15 194
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.2
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.19
Maximum tibia index - right 0.30
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 36
Right 87

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year.

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle:2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1301
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -15.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1301
Head HIC-15 189
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 31
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 31
Average deflection (mm) 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.08
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.29
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8
Combined force (kN) 3.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 155
A-P moment (Nm) -22

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1301
Head HIC-15 148
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 16
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 22
Average deflection (mm) 18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.87
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.17
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.2
Combined force (kN) 1.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 53
A-P moment (Nm) 11

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,327 lbs
Peak force 15,414 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.63

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Seat type: Power leather seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 4
Distance below top of head (mm) 10
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.3
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 27
Max neck tension (N) 371

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 90.1 m 101.6 %
Straightaway left edge 47.2 m 101.6 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 47.1 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 41.4 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 39.3 m 11.1 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 35.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 158.6 m
Straightaway left edge 160.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 60.2 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 63.0 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 47.1 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 48.6 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2016-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim LS
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 26
Clearance angle (degrees) 61
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 21
Clearance angle (degrees) 61
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 26
Clearance angle (degrees) 64
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 30
Clearance angle (degrees) 60
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated