2024 Cadillac XT6

midsize luxury SUV / 4-door SUV

2024 Cadillac XT6 4-door SUV
2023 Cadillac XT6 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Moderate overlap front: updated test
Side: original test
Side: updated test

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Superior
Optional system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)
Standard system
Basic

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 GMC Acadia SLT1 4-door 4wd

The GMC Acadia was redesigned for the 2017 model year. It is smaller and lighter than the earlier design and therefore is now classified as a midsize SUV.

The earlier design remained in production for only the 2017 model year, available new only to fleet buyers, and was called the GMC Acadia Limited. The ratings on this page do not apply to the Acadia Limited.

These ratings also apply to the Cadillac XT6, a midsize luxury SUV introduced in the 2020 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1628
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Footrest (cm) 3
Left toepan (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1628
Head
HIC-15 176
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.16
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.59
Right 0.48
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 0.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 43
Right 70

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2020-24 models built after October 2019

Tested vehicle: 2020 Cadillac XT6 Platinum Premium Luxury 4-door 4wd

The Cadillac XT6 was introduced in the 2020 model year. This midsize luxury SUV is built on the same platform as the GMC Acadia. Beginning with 2020 models built after August 2019, the passenger-side front door hinge pillar and A-pillar were reinforced to improve occupant protection in passenger-side small overlap frontal crashes. Beginning with 2020 models built after October 2019, changes to the side curtain airbags were implemented to further improve occupant protection.

Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1930
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 12
Footrest (cm) 5
Right toepan (cm) 2
Center toepan (cm) 2
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 7
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 12
Upper dash (cm) 11
Right lower dash (cm) 12

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1930
Head
HIC-15 48
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.36
Right 0.57
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 22
Right 20

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1930
Head
HIC-15 38
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.15
Chest maximum compression (mm) 17
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.22
Right 0.23
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.7
Right 0.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 17
Right 30

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 GMC Acadia All Terrain 4-door 4wd

The GMC Acadia was redesigned for the 2017 model year. It is smaller and lighter than the earlier design and therefore is now classified as a midsize SUV.

The earlier design remained in production for only the 2017 model year, available new only to fleet buyers, and was called the GMC Acadia Limited. The ratings on this page do not apply to the Acadia Limited.

Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors on an Acadia as part of frontal crash test verification. These ratings also apply to the Cadillac XT6, a midsize luxury SUV introduced in the 2020 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1620
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 10
Brake pedal (cm) 8
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1620
Head
HIC-15 143
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.5
Femur force - right (kN) 1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.31
Maximum tibia index - right 0.45
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 4.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 48
Right 59

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Cadillac XT6 Sport 4-door 4wd

The Cadillac XT6 was introduced in the 2020 model year. These ratings do not apply to the GMC Acadia.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh/hip
Leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh
Rear passenger restraints and dummy kinematics

View of the vehicle after the crash showing the airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

The rear passenger dummy's head remained a safe distance from the front seatback.

Rear passenger dummy injury values indicate a moderate risk of injury to the head or neck and a likely risk of injury to the chest. During the crash, the shoulder belt remained in an ideal position on the dummy’s chest.

The rear passenger dummy's lap belt moved from the ideal position on the pelvis onto the abdomen, increasing the risk of abdominal injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2325
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 2
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 5
Right (cm) 13
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2325
Head
HIC-15 223
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 27
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.30
Right 0.36
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 41
Right 62

Rear passenger injury measures

Test ID CEF2325
Head
HIC-15 for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 2.7
Compression (kN) 0.1
Maximum Nij for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Chest
Chest index 42
Shoulder belt tension (kN) 8.1
Thigh (kN)
Left femur compression 0.2
Right femur compression 0.1

How the updated moderate overlap front test is conducted

February 2024 adjustment to rating criteria

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 GMC Acadia All Terrain 4-door 4wd

The GMC Acadia was redesigned for the 2017 model year. It is smaller and lighter than the earlier design and therefore is now classified as a midsize SUV.

The earlier design remained in production for only the 2017 model year, available new only to fleet buyers, and was called the GMC Acadia Limited. The ratings on this page do not apply to the Acadia Limited.

Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors on an Acadia as part of side crash test verification. These ratings also apply to the Cadillac XT6, a midsize luxury SUV introduced in the 2020 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1619
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -19.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1619
Head HIC-15 209
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 1.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 36
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.79
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.34
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.2
Combined force (kN) 2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 17
A-P moment (Nm) 23

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1619
Head HIC-15 279
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 42
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 39
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.46
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.54
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.2
Combined force (kN) 2.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 17
A-P moment (Nm) 23

How the side crash test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Cadillac XT6 Luxury 4-door 4wd

The Cadillac XT6 was introduced in the 2020 model year and the GMC Acadia was redesigned for the 2017 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES2309
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -21.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES2309
Head
HIC-15 61
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 19
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 24
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.87
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.21
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 3.3

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES2309
Head
HIC-15 170
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.8
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 56
Average deflection (mm) 42
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.74
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.28
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 3.1

How the side crash test is conducted

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Sport trim equipped with Platinum and Premium Headlamp System packages
  • Premium Luxury trim equipped with Platinum and Premium Headlamp System packages
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway, on both left curves and on the gradual right curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Sport trim equipped with Platinum and Premium Headlamp System packages
  • Premium Luxury trim equipped with Platinum and Premium Headlamp System packages
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2020-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 94.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 67.5 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 69.0 m 52.9%
250m radius left curve, left edge 65.1 m 7.1%
150m radius right curve, right edge 60.4 m 103.2%
150m radius left curve, left edge 57.8 m 17.7%
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 153.3 m
Straightaway left edge 129.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 85.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 81.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 66.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 65.8 m

Trim level(s)

  • Sport trim
  • Premium Luxury trim
  • Luxury trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the left side of the road and inadequate on the right side. On curves, visibility was fair in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway, on both left curves and on both right curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Sport trim
  • Premium Luxury trim
  • Luxury trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2020-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 98.4 m None
Straightaway left edge 60.4 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 65.9 m 40.2%
250m radius left curve, left edge 61.9 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 59.6 m 50.8%
150m radius left curve, left edge 53.2 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 114.1 m
Straightaway left edge 131.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 66.3 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 59.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 56.3 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)

Ratings are given for 2 different systems available on this vehicle.

System details

  • standard Automatic Emergency Braking

Overall evaluation

This rating applies to all 2020-24 models

Superior
Superior

Crossing child

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 23 mph.

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 20 mph. A warning was issued 2 seconds before impact.

System details

  • optional Enhanced Automatic Emergency Braking

Overall evaluation

This rating applies to 2020-24 models of the following trim lines: Sport trim equipped with Driver Assist package, Premium Luxury trim equipped with Driver Assist package

Superior
Superior
with optional equipment

Crossing child

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 19 mph. A warning was issued 1.6 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)

System details

  • standard Automatic Emergency Braking

Overall evaluation

Includes high-beam assist credit

This rating applies to all 2023-24 models
Basic
Basic

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph when using its high beams. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 4 mph.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 24 mph when using its high beams. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 1 mph.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 24 mph.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 13 mph when using its high beams and a warning was issued 1.8 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 10 mph and a warning was issued 1.5 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Seat belt reminders

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Overall evaluation
Front row
Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration Long enough (90+ seconds)
Volume
Audio frequency
Second row
Startup status alert (visual)
None
Technical measurements for this test
Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 51 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 61 dB
Difference between background and signal 9.9 dB
Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 54 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 65 dB
Difference between background and signal 10.9 dB
Dominant audio frequency 2000 Hz

How seat belt reminders are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2020-24 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Premium Luxury
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 3 additional seating positions with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Premium Luxury
Seat type leather
1 2 3 6 4
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
4
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
6
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 15
Clearance angle (degrees) 78
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 13
Clearance angle (degrees) 76
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 16
Clearance angle (degrees) 84
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 15
Clearance angle (degrees) 84
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 31

6

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 33

4

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated