2024 BMW X1

small SUV / 4-door SUV

2024 BMW X1 4-door SUV
2023 BMW X1 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front
Moderate overlap front: original test
Side: updated test

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: pedestrian
Standard system

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Standard blind spot detection
  • Standard lane departure warning
  • Optional lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor

Small overlap front

The small overlap front evaluation consists of a driver-side and a passenger-side component. If the results of the two evaluations differ, then the combined small overlap rating is equal to the lower rating.

Driver-side

  • Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2023 model year. Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2023 X1 conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall driver-side evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN2302
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Footrest (cm) 2
Left toepan (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN2302
Head
HIC-15 170
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 0.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.44
Right 0.44
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.5
Right 0.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 35
Right 40

Passenger-side

  • Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2023 model year. Two passenger-side small overlap frontal tests were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests, but the vehicle specifications shown below are based on the Institute’s test.

Overall passenger-side evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The passenger's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP2303 CEP2301
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 6 3
Footrest (cm) 5 3
Right toepan (cm) 2 1
Center toepan (cm) 1 1
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2 1
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 0 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 6 1
Upper dash (cm) 7 2
Right lower dash (cm) 7 1

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP2303 CEP2301
Head
HIC-15 167 155
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8 8
Maximum Nij 0.18 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21 22
Femur (kN)
Left 1.3 0.9
Right 1.6 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2 1
Right 4 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0 0
Right 0 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.52 0.43
Right 0.48 0.46
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.6 2.9
Right 2.1 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 50 36
Right 58 32

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP2303 CEP2301
Head
HIC-15 98 108
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9 17
Maximum Nij 0.21 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30 31
Femur (kN)
Left 1.0 0.4
Right 0.3 0.4
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1 2
Right 1 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0 0
Right 0 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.33 0.39
Right 0.23 0.32
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.2 1.8
Right 1.7 1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 42 44
Right 40 44

How the small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2023 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2023 X1 conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF2304
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -5
Rearward (cm) -9
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF2304
Head
HIC-15 267
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 37
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.9
Femur force - right (kN) 1.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.43
Maximum tibia index - right 0.64
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.0
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 57
Right 100

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2023 model year. Side 2.0 ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2023 X1 conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2308
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -22.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2308
Head
HIC-15 107
Peak gs at hard contact 48
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 24
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.32
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.34
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 3.1

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2308
Head
HIC-15 173
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.9
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 15
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.35
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.28
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 4.3

How the side crash test is conducted

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeLED projector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway, on both left curves and on both right curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2023-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 99.8 m None
Straightaway left edge 60.6 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 69.5 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 68.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 58.6 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 59.7 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 139.0 m
Straightaway left edge 141.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 73.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 74.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 60.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 62.1 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: pedestrian

Rating applies to all 2024 models

System details

  • standard Active Driving Assistant
Overall evaluation
Includes high-beam assist credit

Crossing child — day

  • In the 12 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Crossing adult — night

  • In the 12 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult — night

  • In the 25 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams and a warning was issued 1.9 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision and a warning was issued 1.4 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Seat belt reminders

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Overall evaluation
Front row
Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
DurationLong enough (90+ seconds)
Volume
Audio frequency
Second row
Startup status alert (visual)
None
Technical measurements for this test
Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 52 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 54 dB
Difference between background and signal 2.0 dB
Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 54 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 56 dB
Difference between background and signal 1.8 dB
Dominant audio frequency 880 Hz

How seat belt reminders are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trimXDrive28i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trimXDrive28i
Seat type leather
1 2 3
GGood
AAcceptable
MMarginal
PPoor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 79
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 79
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 77
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 78
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated

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