2020 BMW X1

small SUV / 4-door SUV

2020 BMW X1 4-door SUV
2018 BMW X1 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Advanced

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional lane departure warning

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2016-20 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Intrusion of the door hinge pillar and instrument panel contributed to a moderate risk of injury to the left lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1608
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Footrest (cm) 6
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 8
Lower instrument panel (cm) 9

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1608
Head
HIC-15 187
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 3.5
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.92
Right 0.54
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 78
Right 43

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2016-20 models

Tested vehicle: 2018 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger’s survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the passenger dummy’s head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The passenger’s space was maintained reasonably well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP1806
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 12
Footrest (cm) 11
Right toepan (cm) 3
Center toepan (cm) 2
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 8
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Upper dash (cm) 11
Right lower dash (cm) 11

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP1806
Head
HIC-15 163
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 10
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 1.6
Right 2.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.50
Right 0.47
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 43
Right 32

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP1806
Head
HIC-15 72
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 32
Femur (kN)
Left 0.7
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.29
Right 0.27
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.5
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 26
Right 40

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2016-20 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well (Institute test vehicle shown).

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head contacted the side curtain airbag and head restraint during rebound in the Institute's test.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1605 VTF1509
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6 2
Left (cm) 9 6
Center (cm) 11 8
Right (cm) 11 8
Brake pedal (cm) 4 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 2
Right (cm) 1 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2 -3
Rearward (cm) -6 4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1605 VTF1509
Head
HIC-15 208 330
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14 8
Maximum Nij 0.30 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27 33
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.3 0.7
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6 0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.35 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right 0.37 0.59
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8 2.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9 3.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 74 60
Right 115 164

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2016-20 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1506
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -17.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1506
Head HIC-15 110
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 39
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 35
Average deflection (mm) 31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.40
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.54
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 22
A-P moment (Nm) 45

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1506
Head HIC-15 150
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 34
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.51
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.39
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.9
L-M moment (Nm) 49
A-P moment (Nm) 162

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2016-20 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,638 lbs
Peak force 18,643 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.12

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 28
Distance below top of head (mm) 12
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.6
Head contact time (ms) 68
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 12
Max neck tension (N) 545

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard Active Driving Assistant

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2020 models

Advanced
Advanced
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 10 mph.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2016-20 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim XDrive28i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim XDrive28i
Seat type leather
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 9
Clearance angle (degrees) 39
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 40
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 39
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 37
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated