Top Safety Pick

2017 BMW X1

small SUV / 4-door SUV

Award applies only to vehicles with optional front crash prevention

2017 BMW X1 4-door SUV
2016 BMW X1 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights(varies by trim/ option)
Front crash prevention
Optional system
Advanced

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional lane departure warning

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Intrusion of the door hinge pillar and instrument panel contributed to a moderate risk of injury to the left lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1608
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Footrest (cm) 6
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 8
Lower instrument panel (cm) 9

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1608
Head
HIC-15 187
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 3.5
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.92
Right 0.54
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 78
Right 43

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2018 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger’s survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the passenger dummy’s head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The passenger’s space was maintained reasonably well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP1806
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 12
Footrest (cm) 11
Right toepan (cm) 3
Center toepan (cm) 2
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 8
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Upper dash (cm) 11
Right lower dash (cm) 11

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP1806
Head
HIC-15 163
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 10
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 1.6
Right 2.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.50
Right 0.47
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 43
Right 32

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP1806
Head
HIC-15 72
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 32
Femur (kN)
Left 0.7
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.29
Right 0.27
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.5
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 26
Right 40

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well (Institute test vehicle shown).

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head contacted the side curtain airbag and head restraint during rebound in the Institute's test.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1605 VTF1509
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6 2
Left (cm) 9 6
Center (cm) 11 8
Right (cm) 11 8
Brake pedal (cm) 4 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 2
Right (cm) 1 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2 -3
Rearward (cm) -6 4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1605 VTF1509
Head
HIC-15 208 330
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14 8
Maximum Nij 0.30 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27 33
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.3 0.7
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6 0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.35 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right 0.37 0.59
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8 2.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9 3.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 74 60
Right 115 164

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1506
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -17.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1506
Head HIC-15 110
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 39
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 35
Average deflection (mm) 31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.40
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.54
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 22
A-P moment (Nm) 45

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1506
Head HIC-15 150
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 34
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.51
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.39
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.9
L-M moment (Nm) 49
A-P moment (Nm) 162

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,638 lbs
Peak force 18,643 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.12

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 28
Distance below top of head (mm) 12
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.6
Head contact time (ms) 68
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 12
Max neck tension (N) 545

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Headlights

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • sDrive28i trim equipped with Premium and Driver Assistance Plus packages
  • XDrive28i trim equipped with Premium and Driver Assistance Plus packages
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the left side of the road and inadequate on the right side. On curves, visibility was fair in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • sDrive28i trim equipped with Premium and Driver Assistance Plus packages
  • XDrive28i trim equipped with Premium and Driver Assistance Plus packages
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 79.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 50.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 59.9 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 45.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 53.4 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 119.5 m
Straightaway left edge 128.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 73.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 67.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 55.6 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 56.0 m

Trim level(s)

  • sDrive28i trim equipped with Premium package
  • xDrive28i trim equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the left side of the road and inadequate on the right side. On curves, visibility was fair in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • sDrive28i trim equipped with Premium package
  • xDrive28i trim equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 79.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 50.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 59.9 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 45.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 53.4 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 119.5 m
Straightaway left edge 128.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 73.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 67.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 55.6 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 56.0 m

Trim level(s)

  • All trims equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 60.3 m None
Straightaway left edge 34.6 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 45.4 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 36.2 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 31.6 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 33.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 161.2 m
Straightaway left edge 126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 63.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 59.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 45.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.6 m

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 60.3 m None
Straightaway left edge 34.6 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 45.4 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 36.2 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 31.6 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 33.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 161.2 m
Straightaway left edge 126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 63.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 59.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 45.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.6 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention

Ratings are given for 2 different trim variations available on this vehicle.

System details

  • Optional Frontal Collision Warning with City Collision Mitigation

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Plus/Active Driving Assistant

Applies to 2017 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 10 mph.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.
Advanced
Advanced
with optional equipment

System details

  • Optional Frontal Collision Warning with Extended Collision Mitigation

Package name

  • Optional ACC Stop & Go + Active Driving Assistant

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 10 mph.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.
Advanced
Advanced
with optional equipment

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2016-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim XDrive28i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 9
Clearance angle (degrees) 39
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 40
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 39
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 37
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated