2015 BMW X1

small SUV / 4-door SUV

2015 BMW X1 4-door SUV
2013 BMW X1 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2013-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was introduced in the 2013 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test, together with the footwell intrusion, indicates that the driver's survival space wasn't maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to protect the head from injury in the crash test. Still, the curtain airbag should extend farther forward toward the A-pillar to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects if crash circumstances were to differ slightly.

Intrusion into the driver footwell was extensive. The dummy's right foot was trapped between intruding structure and the brake pedal.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1307
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 11
Footrest (cm) 40
Left toepan (cm) 31
Brake pedal (cm) 19
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 6
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Upper dash (cm) 15
Lower instrument panel (cm) 12

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1307
Head
HIC-15 196
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 2.4
Right 2.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 2.48
Right 0.48
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 6.9
Right 3.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 201
Right 69

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2013-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

The BMW X1 was introduced in the 2013 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from hitting hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low. The deployed knee airbag is resting on the dummy's lower legs.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1302
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 3
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1302
Head
HIC-15 271
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 18
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.4
Femur force - right (kN) 0.9
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.40
Maximum tibia index - right 0.38
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 76
Right 65

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2013-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The BMW X1 was introduced in the 2013 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1303
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -18.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1303
Head HIC-15 72
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 34
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.37
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.46
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.3
Combined force (kN) 3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 85
A-P moment (Nm) 18

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1303
Head HIC-15 124
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 21
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 24
Average deflection (mm) 16
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.02
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.20
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.4
Combined force (kN) 2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 69
A-P moment (Nm) -54

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2013-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,660 lbs
Peak force 18,446 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.04

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2013-15 models

Seat type: Manual leather seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 14
Distance below top of head (mm) 48
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 15.4
Head contact time (ms) 62
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 12
Max neck tension (N) 618

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted