Top Safety Pick +

2018 BMW 5 series

large luxury car / 4-door sedan

Award applies only to vehicles with optional front crash prevention and specific headlights

2018 BMW 5 series 4-door sedan
2017 BMW 5 series shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Optional system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning
  • Optional lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 BMW 540i 4-door

The BMW 5 series was redesigned for the 2017 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1706
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Footrest (cm) 12
Left toepan (cm) 11
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1706
Head
HIC-15 183
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 23
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.33
Right 0.49
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.0
Right 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 139
Right 80

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 BMW 540i 4-door

The BMW 5 series was redesigned for the 2017 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1723
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Footrest (cm) 19
Right toepan (cm) 15
Center toepan (cm) 7
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 4
Right lower dash (cm) 5

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1723
Head
HIC-15 180
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 18
Maximum Nij 0.16
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 0.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 3
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.54
Right 0.84
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.6
Right 4.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 104
Right 195

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1723
Head
HIC-15 76
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.42
Right 0.25
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.2
Right 1.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 43
Right 35

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 BMW 540i 4-door

The BMW 5 series was redesigned for the 2017 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1708
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 1
Center (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2
Rearward (cm) -5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1708
Head
HIC-15 87
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.8
Femur force - right (kN) 0.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 6
Knee displacement - right (mm) 3
Maximum tibia index - left 0.32
Maximum tibia index - right 0.37
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 46
Right 77

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 BMW 540i 4-door

The BMW 5 series was redesigned for the 2017 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle:2017 BMW 540i 4-door

The BMW 5 series was redesigned for the 2017 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1706
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -22.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1706
Head HIC-15 95
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 28
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 37
Average deflection (mm) 33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.97
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.74
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.0
Combined force (kN) 1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 76
A-P moment (Nm) -31

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1706
Head HIC-15 132
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 22
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 20
Average deflection (mm) 19
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.69
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.17
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.9
Combined force (kN) 1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 50
A-P moment (Nm) 40

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 BMW 540i 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,822 lbs
Peak force 20,991 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.49

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 23
Distance below top of head (mm) -13
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 15.9
Head contact time (ms) 59
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 436

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention

Ratings are given for 2 different trim variations available on this vehicle.

System details

  • Optional Frontal Collision Warning with City Collision Mitigation

Package name

  • Optional Driving Assistance Plus Package

Applies to 2017-18 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
Superior
Superior
with optional equipment

System details

  • Optional Frontal Collision Warning with Extended Collision Mitigation

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Plus II

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
Superior
Superior
with optional equipment

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • 530i trim equipped with Premium package
  • 540i trim equipped with Premium package
  • 530xi trim equipped with Premium package
  • 540xi trim equipped with Premium package
  • 530i trim equipped with Lighting package
  • 540i trim equipped with Lighting package
  • 530xi trim equipped with Lighting package
  • 540xi trim equipped with Lighting package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 530i trim equipped with Premium package
  • 540i trim equipped with Premium package
  • 530xi trim equipped with Premium package
  • 540xi trim equipped with Premium package
  • 530i trim equipped with Lighting package
  • 540i trim equipped with Lighting package
  • 530xi trim equipped with Lighting package
  • 540xi trim equipped with Lighting package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 83.1 m None
Straightaway left edge 51.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 67.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 52.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 59.6 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.0 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 173.5 m
Straightaway left edge 151.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 90.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 81.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 68.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 61.4 m

Trim level(s)

  • 530i trim
  • 540i trim
  • 530xi trim
  • 540xi trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right curve and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 530i trim
  • 540i trim
  • 530xi trim
  • 540xi trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 89.0 m None
Straightaway left edge 42.0 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.7 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 46.5 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.0 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 42.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 133.8 m
Straightaway left edge 97.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 69.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 58.4 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 55.3 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.3 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim 540i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 49
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 51
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 51
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 49
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated