2024 BMW 3 series

midsize luxury car / 4-door sedan

2024 BMW 3 series 4-door sedan
2019 BMW 3 series shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front
Moderate overlap front: original test
Side: original test

Seat belts & child restraints

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning
  • Optional lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front

The small overlap front evaluation consists of a driver-side and a passenger-side component. If the results of the two evaluations differ, then the combined small overlap rating is equal to the lower rating.

Driver-side

  • Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 BMW 330i 4-door

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall driver-side evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN1907
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Footrest (cm) 14
Left toepan (cm) 15
Brake pedal (cm) 14
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 3
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN1907
Head
HIC-15 198
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 19
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm) 31
Femur (kN)
Left 1.4
Right 1.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.40
Right 0.50
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 112
Right 94

Passenger-side

  • Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 BMW 330i 4-door

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall passenger-side evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1913
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Footrest (cm) 20
Right toepan (cm) 21
Center toepan (cm) 11
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 2
Right lower dash (cm) 3

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1913
Head
HIC-15 211
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 22
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Femur (kN)
Left 0.7
Right 0.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.26
Right 0.48
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 3.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 66
Right 117

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1913
Head
HIC-15 93
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.14
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.36
Right 0.27
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.1
Right 1.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 41
Right 38

How the small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 BMW 330i xDrive 4-door 4wd

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1911
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 1
Center (cm) 1
Right (cm) 0
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -4
Rearward (cm) -8
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1911
Head
HIC-15 147
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.9
Femur force - right (kN) 1.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.36
Maximum tibia index - right 0.34
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 50
Right 64

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 BMW 330i 4-door

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1913
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -17.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1913
Head HIC-15 275
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 27
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 33
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.29
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.38
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 81
A-P moment (Nm) 44

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1913
Head HIC-15 186
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 19
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 23
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.34
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.25
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 3.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 41
A-P moment (Nm) 39

How the side crash test is conducted

Child seat anchors

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim 330i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim 330i
Seat type leather
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 69
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 69
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 67
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 66
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated