Top Safety Pick +

2019 BMW 3 series

midsize luxury car / 4-door sedan

Award applies only to vehicles with specific headlights; applies only to 4-door sedans

2019 BMW 3 series 4-door sedan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Standard system
Superior
Optional system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning
  • Optional lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 BMW 330i 4-door

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN1907
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Footrest (cm) 14
Left toepan (cm) 15
Brake pedal (cm) 14
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 3
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN1907
Head
HIC-15 198
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 19
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm) 31
Femur (kN)
Left 1.4
Right 1.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.40
Right 0.50
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 112
Right 94

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 BMW 330i 4-door

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1913
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Footrest (cm) 20
Right toepan (cm) 21
Center toepan (cm) 11
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 2
Right lower dash (cm) 3

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1913
Head
HIC-15 211
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 22
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Femur (kN)
Left 0.7
Right 0.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.26
Right 0.48
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 3.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 66
Right 117

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1913
Head
HIC-15 93
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.14
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.36
Right 0.27
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.1
Right 1.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 41
Right 38

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 BMW 330i xDrive 4-door 4wd

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1911
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 1
Center (cm) 1
Right (cm) 0
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -4
Rearward (cm) -8
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1911
Head
HIC-15 147
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.9
Femur force - right (kN) 1.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.36
Maximum tibia index - right 0.34
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 50
Right 64

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 BMW 330i 4-door

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle:2019 BMW 330i 4-door

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1913
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -17.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1913
Head HIC-15 275
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 27
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 33
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.29
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.38
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 81
A-P moment (Nm) 44

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1913
Head HIC-15 186
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 19
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 23
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.34
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.25
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 3.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 41
A-P moment (Nm) 39

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 BMW 330i 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,541 lbs
Peak force 20,287 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.73

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2019 models

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 23
Distance below top of head (mm) 10
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 13.3
Head contact time (ms) 57
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 311

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention

Ratings are given for 2 different trim variations available on this vehicle.

System details

  • Standard Active Guard

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
Superior
Superior

System details

  • Optional Active Driving Assistant Professional

Package name

  • Optional Active Driving Assistant Professional Package

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
Superior
Superior
with optional equipment

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 3 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • 330i trim equipped with Executive package
  • 330i xDrive trim equipped with Executive package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 330i trim equipped with Executive package
  • 330i xDrive trim equipped with Executive package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2019 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 90.8 m None
Straightaway left edge 55.8 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 87.4 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 57.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 69.3 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 54.0 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 172.8 m
Straightaway left edge 161.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 95.8 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 81.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 72.3 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 66.4 m

Trim level(s)

  • 330i trim equipped with Convenience package
  • 330i xDrive trim equipped with Convenience package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was good on the sharp left and both right curves and fair on the gradual left curve.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 330i trim equipped with Convenience package
  • 330i xDrive trim equipped with Convenience package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2019 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 91.9 m 20.4 %
Straightaway left edge 56.3 m 20.4 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 85.5 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 56.9 m 36.7 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 78.5 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 59.9 m 36.9 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 135.8 m
Straightaway left edge 114.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 90.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 77.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 81.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 65.2 m

Trim level(s)

  • 330i trim
  • 330i xDrive trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp right curve and inadequate on the gradual right and both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 330i trim
  • 330i xDrive trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2019 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 76.0 m None
Straightaway left edge 43.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 51.2 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 43.5 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 47.8 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 44.2 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 119.5 m
Straightaway left edge 89.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 55.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 54.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 50.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 50.5 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim 330i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 69
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 69
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 67
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 66
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated