Top Safety Pick +

2017 BMW 2 series

midsize luxury car / 2-door coupe

Award applies only to vehicles with optional front crash prevention and specific headlights; applies only to coupe models

2017 BMW 2 series 2-door coupe
2016 BMW 2 series shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Optional system
Advanced

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional lane departure warning

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 BMW 228i 2-door

The BMW 1 series was redesigned for the 2014 model year and renamed the 2 series.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Except for footrest and left toepan intrusion, the driver's space was maintained reasonably well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1409
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 10
Footrest (cm) 29
Left toepan (cm) 28
Brake pedal (cm) 18
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Upper dash (cm) 7
Lower instrument panel (cm) 8

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1409
Head
HIC-15 269
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 21
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 17
Femur (kN)
Left 2.0
Right 1.9
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.67
Right 0.76
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.7
Right 3.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 136
Right 83

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 BMW 228i 2-door

The BMW 1 series was redesigned for the 2014 model year and renamed the 2 series.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from hitting hard structures during rebound by the side curtain airbag.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1401
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 1
Center (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1401
Head
HIC-15 122
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.9
Femur force - right (kN) 1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.34
Maximum tibia index - right 0.35
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 48
Right 54

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 BMW 228i 2-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The BMW 1 series was redesigned for the 2014 model year and renamed the 2 series.

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle:2014 BMW 228i 2-door

The BMW 1 series was redesigned for the 2014 model year and renamed the 2 series.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with door removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag. During rebound, the dummy's head and torso slid out from the shoulder belt and moved across the seat, but this motion does not cause any significant risk of injury.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1401
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -23.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1401
Head HIC-15 208
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 36
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 37
Average deflection (mm) 33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.50
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.65
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.0
Combined force (kN) 2.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 165
A-P moment (Nm) 20

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1401
Head HIC-15 325
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 32
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 18
Average deflection (mm) 13
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.42
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.14
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 3.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 5.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 70
A-P moment (Nm) 24

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 BMW 228i 2-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,311 lbs
Peak force 16,504 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.98

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2014-19 models built after June 2014

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 32
Distance below top of head (mm) 20
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.8
Head contact time (ms) 62
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 39
Max neck tension (N) 612

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention

System details

  • Optional Frontal Collision Warning with City Collision Mitigation

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Plus

Applies to 2017 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 10 mph.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.
Advanced
Advanced
with optional equipment

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • 230i trim equipped with Lighting and Driver Assistance Plus packages
  • 230xi trim equipped with Lighting and Driver Assistance Plus packages
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 230i trim equipped with Lighting and Driver Assistance Plus packages
  • 230xi trim equipped with Lighting and Driver Assistance Plus packages
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 120.3 m None
Straightaway left edge 63.3 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 85.6 m 15.7 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 57.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 70.6 m 12.2 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 50.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 147.8 m
Straightaway left edge 128.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 84.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 79.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 71.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 63.8 m

Trim level(s)

  • 230i trim equipped with Lighting package
  • 230xi trim equipped with Lighting package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 230i trim equipped with Lighting package
  • 230xi trim equipped with Lighting package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 120.3 m None
Straightaway left edge 63.3 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 85.6 m 15.7 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 57.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 70.6 m 12.2 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 50.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 147.8 m
Straightaway left edge 128.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 84.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 79.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 71.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 63.8 m

Trim level(s)

  • 230i trim equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
  • 230xi trim equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 230i trim equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
  • 230xi trim equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 68.2 m None
Straightaway left edge 24.0 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 49.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 31.4 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 36.0 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 28.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 93.7 m
Straightaway left edge 49.5 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 54.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 43.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 41.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 36.9 m

Trim level(s)

  • 230i trim
  • 230xi trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 230i trim
  • 230xi trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 68.2 m None
Straightaway left edge 24.0 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 49.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 31.4 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 36.0 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 28.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 93.7 m
Straightaway left edge 49.5 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 54.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 43.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 41.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 36.9 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2016-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim 228i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

1 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 58
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 6
Clearance angle (degrees) 60
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 1
Clearance angle (degrees) 62
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 5
Clearance angle (degrees) 57
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated