Fatality Facts 2019State by state

Overview

The number and types of motor vehicle crash deaths differ widely among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. A state's population has an obvious effect on the number of motor vehicle deaths. Fatality rates per capita and per vehicle miles traveled provide a way of examining motor vehicle deaths relative to the population and amount of driving. However, many factors can affect these rates, including types of vehicles driven, travel speeds, rates of licensure, state traffic laws, emergency care capabilities, weather and topography.

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).

Posted March 2021.

Fatal crash totals

There were 33,244 fatal motor vehicle crashes in the United States in 2019 in which 36,096 deaths occurred. This resulted in 11.0 deaths per 100,000 people and 1.11 deaths per 100 million miles traveled. The fatality rate per 100,000 people ranged from 3.3 in the District of Columbia to 25.4 in Wyoming. The death rate per 100 million miles traveled ranged from 0.51 in Massachusetts to 1.73 in South Carolina. Federal Highway Administration. 2020. Highway statistics, 2019. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation.

Population, fatal motor vehicle crashes, motor vehicle crash deaths and motor vehicle crash death rates per state, 2019
State Population Vehicle miles traveled (millions) Fatal crashes Deaths Deaths per 100,000 population Deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled
Alabama 4,903,185 71,735 856 930 19.0 1.30
Alaska 731,545 5,881 62 67 9.2 1.14
Arizona 7,278,717 70,281 910 981 13.5 1.40
Arkansas 3,017,804 37,099 467 505 16.7 1.36
California 39,512,223 340,836 3,316 3,606 9.1 1.06
Colorado 5,758,736 54,634 544 596 10.3 1.09
Connecticut 3,565,287 31,601 233 249 7.0 0.79
Delaware 973,764 10,245 122 132 13.6 1.29
District of Columbia 705,749 3,756 22 23 3.3 0.61
Florida 21,477,737 226,514 2,950 3,183 14.8 1.41
Georgia 10,617,423 133,128 1,377 1,491 14.0 1.12
Hawaii 1,415,872 11,024 102 108 7.6 0.98
Idaho 1,787,065 18,058 201 224 12.5 1.24
Illinois 12,671,821 107,525 938 1,009 8.0 0.94
Indiana 6,732,219 82,719 751 809 12.0 0.98
Iowa 3,155,070 33,537 313 336 10.6 1.00
Kansas 2,913,314 31,843 362 411 14.1 1.29
Kentucky 4,467,673 49,410 667 732 16.4 1.48
Louisiana 4,648,794 51,360 681 727 15.6 1.42
Maine 1,344,212 14,871 143 157 11.7 1.06
Maryland 6,045,680 60,216 484 521 8.6 0.87
Massachusetts 6,892,503 64,890 321 334 4.8 0.51
Michigan 9,986,857 102,174 902 985 9.9 0.96
Minnesota 5,639,632 60,731 333 364 6.5 0.60
Mississippi 2,976,149 41,091 581 643 21.6 1.56
Missouri 6,137,428 79,168 818 880 14.3 1.11
Montana 1,068,778 12,892 166 184 17.2 1.43
Nebraska 1,934,408 21,242 212 248 12.8 1.17
Nevada 3,080,156 28,794 285 304 9.9 1.06
New Hampshire 1,359,711 13,828 90 101 7.4 0.73
New Jersey 8,882,190 78,205 525 559 6.3 0.71
New Mexico 2,096,829 27,772 368 424 20.2 1.53
New York 19,453,561 123,986 876 931 4.8 0.75
North Carolina 10,488,084 122,475 1,284 1,373 13.1 1.12
North Dakota 762,062 9,826 91 100 13.1 1.02
Ohio 11,689,100 114,694 1,039 1,153 9.9 1.01
Oklahoma 3,956,971 44,648 584 640 16.2 1.43
Oregon 4,217,737 35,808 451 489 11.6 1.37
Pennsylvania 12,801,989 102,864 990 1,059 8.3 1.03
Rhode Island 1,059,361 7,581 53 57 5.4 0.75
South Carolina 5,148,714 57,939 922 1,001 19.4 1.73
South Dakota 884,659 9,922 88 102 11.5 1.03
Tennessee 6,829,174 82,892 1,040 1,135 16.6 1.37
Texas 28,995,881 288,227 3,294 3,615 12.5 1.25
Utah 3,205,958 32,911 225 248 7.7 0.75
Vermont 623,989 7,346 44 47 7.5 0.64
Virginia 8,535,519 85,432 774 831 9.7 0.97
Washington 7,614,893 62,530 494 519 6.8 0.83
West Virginia 1,792,147 19,077 247 260 14.5 1.36
Wisconsin 5,822,434 66,348 526 566 9.7 0.85
Wyoming 578,759 10,208 120 147 25.4 1.44
U.S. total 328,239,523 3,261,774 33,244 36,096 11.0 1.11

Deaths by road user

In 2019, the types of motor vehicle crash deaths varied across states. For example, Alaska had the highest percentage of deaths involving SUV and pickup occupants (48 percent) and a relatively low percentage of deaths involving car occupants (24 percent). In contrast, Vermont had the highest percentage of deaths involving car occupants (45 percent) and a relatively low percentage of deaths involving SUV and pickup occupants (21 percent). Hawaii reported relatively low proportions of fatalities for both cars (19 percent) and SUVs and pickups (23 percent), but a relatively high percentage of pedestrian deaths (33 percent). Delaware, Florida and New York tied for the highest percentage of crash deaths involving bicyclists (5 percent), and the District of Columbia had the highest percentage involving pedestrians (39 percent).

Motor vehicle crash deaths by road user type and state, 2019
State Car occupants Pickup and SUV occupants Large truck occupants Motorcyclists Pedestrians Bicyclists Total*
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Alabama 365 39 304 33 16 2 93 10 119 13 6 1 930 100
Alaska 16 24 32 48 3 4 6 9 6 9 2 3 67 100
Arizona 243 25 208 21 10 1 175 18 212 22 30 3 981 100
Arkansas 164 32 183 36 14 3 64 13 61 12 3 1 505 100
California 1,205 33 685 19 44 1 474 13 972 27 133 4 3,606 100
Colorado 164 28 211 35 12 2 103 17 73 12 20 3 596 100
Connecticut 85 34 49 20 5 2 46 18 54 22 3 1 249 100
Delaware 47 36 23 17 1 1 18 14 32 24 7 5 132 100
District of Columbia 7 30 3 13 0 0 3 13 9 39 1 4 23 100
Florida 975 31 591 19 31 1 591 19 713 22 160 5 3,183 100
Georgia 566 38 411 28 25 2 170 11 236 16 21 1 1,491 100
Hawaii 21 19 25 23 0 0 20 19 36 33 4 4 108 100
Idaho 70 31 95 42 3 1 25 11 12 5 4 2 224 100
Illinois 397 39 241 24 19 2 138 14 173 17 12 1 1,009 100
Indiana 305 38 236 29 13 2 127 16 73 9 16 2 809 100
Iowa 116 35 117 35 9 3 44 13 21 6 9 3 336 100
Kansas 151 37 162 39 15 4 41 10 16 4 8 2 411 100
Kentucky 316 43 209 29 9 1 92 13 73 10 5 1 732 100
Louisiana 239 33 217 30 17 2 87 12 118 16 22 3 727 100
Maine 54 34 48 31 2 1 27 17 16 10 2 1 157 100
Maryland 194 37 99 19 10 2 75 14 123 24 10 2 521 100
Massachusetts 116 35 76 23 4 1 46 14 77 23 5 1 334 100
Michigan 367 37 272 28 13 1 134 14 141 14 20 2 985 100
Minnesota 141 39 97 27 9 2 46 13 47 13 11 3 364 100
Mississippi 281 44 210 33 9 1 40 6 65 10 8 1 643 100
Missouri 315 36 257 29 22 2 123 14 109 12 14 2 880 100
Montana 52 28 64 35 8 4 23 12 17 9 3 2 184 100
Nebraska 95 38 91 37 4 2 25 10 20 8 1 0 248 100
Nevada 88 29 67 22 9 3 56 18 62 20 8 3 304 100
New Hampshire 38 38 23 23 0 0 30 30 10 10 0 0 101 100
New Jersey 190 34 66 12 9 2 85 15 175 31 12 2 559 100
New Mexico 109 26 142 33 19 4 55 13 83 20 9 2 424 100
New York 251 27 180 19 17 2 136 15 268 29 46 5 931 100
North Carolina 529 39 355 26 22 2 208 15 209 15 17 1 1,373 100
North Dakota 25 25 40 40 3 3 11 11 5 5 2 2 100 100
Ohio 465 40 311 27 21 2 162 14 124 11 25 2 1,153 100
Oklahoma 206 32 235 37 14 2 68 11 85 13 13 2 640 100
Oregon 170 35 144 29 12 2 57 12 81 17 12 2 489 100
Pennsylvania 397 37 263 25 21 2 176 17 147 14 14 1 1,059 100
Rhode Island 25 44 10 18 0 0 13 23 8 14 0 0 57 100
South Carolina 351 35 270 27 17 2 153 15 160 16 26 3 1,001 100
South Dakota 34 33 34 33 4 4 14 14 7 7 1 1 102 100
Tennessee 449 40 321 28 22 2 155 14 149 13 7 1 1,135 100
Texas 1,075 30 1,222 34 102 3 416 12 649 18 66 2 3,615 100
Utah 77 31 70 28 5 2 34 14 38 15 6 2 248 100
Vermont 21 45 10 21 2 4 8 17 3 6 0 0 47 100
Virginia 339 41 214 26 18 2 102 12 123 15 13 2 831 100
Washington 180 35 120 23 5 1 91 18 97 19 9 2 519 100
West Virginia 76 29 87 33 9 3 28 11 31 12 3 1 260 100
Wisconsin 210 37 162 29 12 2 85 15 56 10 14 2 566 100
Wyoming 48 33 59 40 9 6 15 10 11 7 0 0 147 100
U.S. total 12,420 34 9,621 27 679 2 5,014 14 6,205 17 843 2 36,096 100

Crash types

Nationwide, 53 percent of motor vehicle crash deaths in 2019 occurred in single-vehicle crashes. Maine had the highest percentage of deaths in single-vehicle crashes (68 percent), while Nebraska had the highest percentage of deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes (57 percent).

Deaths by crash type and state, 2019
State Single-vehicle Multiple-vehicle All crashes
Number % Number % Number %
Alabama 482 52 448 48 930 100
Alaska 40 60 27 40 67 100
Arizona 569 58 412 42 981 100
Arkansas 276 55 229 45 505 100
California 2,031 56 1,575 44 3,606 100
Colorado 315 53 281 47 596 100
Connecticut 150 60 99 40 249 100
Delaware 77 58 55 42 132 100
District of Columbia 14 61 9 39 23 100
Florida 1,588 50 1,595 50 3,183 100
Georgia 737 49 754 51 1,491 100
Hawaii 65 60 43 40 108 100
Idaho 117 52 107 48 224 100
Illinois 526 52 483 48 1,009 100
Indiana 399 49 410 51 809 100
Iowa 180 54 156 46 336 100
Kansas 206 50 205 50 411 100
Kentucky 357 49 375 51 732 100
Louisiana 415 57 312 43 727 100
Maine 106 68 51 32 157 100
Maryland 287 55 234 45 521 100
Massachusetts 206 62 128 38 334 100
Michigan 489 50 496 50 985 100
Minnesota 169 46 195 54 364 100
Mississippi 365 57 278 43 643 100
Missouri 489 56 391 44 880 100
Montana 120 65 64 35 184 100
Nebraska 107 43 141 57 248 100
Nevada 151 50 153 50 304 100
New Hampshire 58 57 43 43 101 100
New Jersey 314 56 245 44 559 100
New Mexico 227 54 197 46 424 100
New York 586 63 345 37 931 100
North Carolina 755 55 618 45 1,373 100
North Dakota 56 56 44 44 100 100
Ohio 574 50 579 50 1,153 100
Oklahoma 320 50 320 50 640 100
Oregon 290 59 199 41 489 100
Pennsylvania 553 52 506 48 1,059 100
Rhode Island 38 67 19 33 57 100
South Carolina 543 54 458 46 1,001 100
South Dakota 56 55 46 45 102 100
Tennessee 607 53 528 47 1,135 100
Texas 1,788 49 1,827 51 3,615 100
Utah 131 53 117 47 248 100
Vermont 24 51 23 49 47 100
Virginia 501 60 330 40 831 100
Washington 278 54 241 46 519 100
West Virginia 150 58 110 42 260 100
Wisconsin 304 54 262 46 566 100
Wyoming 71 48 76 52 147 100
U.S. total 19,257 53 16,839 47 36,096 100

Alcohol involvement

Some states report blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for only a small percentage of passenger vehicle drivers. If BAC is missing for a driver, it is estimated by the U.S. Department of Transportation's multiple imputation model. Subramanian, R. 2002. Transitioning to multiple imputation — a new method to impute missing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) values in FARS. Report no. DOT HS-809-403. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.However, BAC information is most precise in states that report a high percentage of crashes where BAC information is reported. In the following table, estimated percentages of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BACs at or above 0.08 percent are shown only for states in which BAC reporting for fatally injured drivers was 70 percent or higher. Estimated percentages are based on known BAC when available and imputed BAC for the remaining drivers.

For the nation in 2019, BAC was reported for 65 percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers. Reporting rates varied substantially, from a high of 94 percent (Hawaii) to a low of 30 percent (Wyoming).

Thirty-one states had BAC reporting rates of at least 70 percent. Among these states, North Dakota had the highest estimated percentage of fatally injured drivers with BACs of 0.08 percent or higher (41 percent), while Utah and West Virginia had the lowest (14 percent).

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BAC ≥ 0.08 percent by state, 2019
State Total drivers killed Drivers killed with known BAC results Estimated drivers killed with BACs ≥ 0.08
Number Number % Number %
Alabama 540 317 59
Alaska 36 33 92 10 29
Arizona 331 149 45
Arkansas 263 210 80 75 29
California 1,338 950 71 406 30
Colorado 285 250 88 81 28
Connecticut 109 66 61
Delaware 60 48 80 17 28
District of Columbia 7 3 43
Florida 1,175 727 62
Georgia 757 373 49
Hawaii 31 29 94 10 32
Idaho 130 102 78 40 31
Illinois 497 410 82 144 29
Indiana 424 146 34
Iowa 189 113 60
Kansas 240 79 33
Kentucky 415 298 72 85 21
Louisiana 340 289 85 113 33
Maine 74 65 88 24 33
Maryland 215 164 76 73 34
Massachusetts 159 147 92 57 36
Michigan 475 229 48
Minnesota 178 153 86 39 22
Mississippi 375 198 53
Missouri 423 309 73 128 30
Montana 83 66 80 31 37
Nebraska 135 90 67
Nevada 118 75 64
New Hampshire 47 37 79 16 35
New Jersey 195 162 83 46 24
New Mexico 160 116 73 53 33
New York 329 188 57
North Carolina 688 296 43
North Dakota 54 41 76 22 41
Ohio 597 497 83 181 30
Oklahoma 330 295 89 79 24
Oregon 241 197 82 84 35
Pennsylvania 513 323 63
Rhode Island 25 20 80 10 39
South Carolina 492 323 66
South Dakota 50 40 80 16 32
Tennessee 603 309 51
Texas 1,748 876 50
Utah 105 86 82 15 14
Vermont 26 23 88 6 25
Virginia 441 388 88 131 30
Washington 239 201 84 89 37
West Virginia 120 106 88 17 14
Wisconsin 302 244 81 101 33
Wyoming 76 23 30
U.S. total 16,783 10,879 65 4,768 28

Restraint use

Based on daytime observational surveys conducted by the states, the nationwide rate of seat belt use among front seat passenger vehicle occupants in 2019 was 91 percent. The state with the highest observed seat belt use for front seat occupants was Hawaii, at 97 percent, while the lowest was New Hampshire at 71 percent. National Center for Statistics and Analysis. 2020. Seat Belt Use in 2019 — Use Rates in the States and Territories. Report No. DOT HS-812-947. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Rates of restraint use among fatally injured motor vehicle occupants will be lower than the overall observed restraint use rate because unrestrained occupants are more likely than restrained ones to be fatally injured in a crash. Restrained fatally injured occupants include occupants in child safety seats and occupants restrained by seat belts. In 2019, fatally injured occupants were approximately half as likely to have been restrained compared with the nationwide average. Delaware had the highest restraint use percentage among fatally injured occupants at 61 percent. Massachusetts had the lowest restraint use among fatally injured occupants at just 30 percent.

Rates of observed daytime front-seat belt use and number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants by restraint use and state, 2019
State and percent of observed seat belt use Restrained fatally injured occupants Unrestrained fatally injured occupants Unknown restraint status of fatally injured occupants Total fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number
Alabama 92 269 40 355 53 52 8 676
Alaska 94 18 38 22 46 8 17 48
Arizona 91 191 41 216 46 62 13 469
Arkansas 82 152 43 165 47 34 10 351
California 96 1,131 59 624 33 154 8 1,909
Colorado 88 163 43 193 51 23 6 379
Connecticut 94 57 42 57 42 23 17 137
Delaware 93 44 61 24 33 4 6 72
District of Columbia 95 4 40 5 50 1 10 10
Florida 90 902 56 669 42 34 2 1,605
Georgia 96 518 52 386 39 91 9 995
Hawaii 97 22 48 16 35 8 17 46
Idaho 86 76 45 82 49 10 6 168
Illinois 94 311 48 253 39 84 13 648
Indiana 95 264 47 223 40 74 13 561
Iowa 95 125 52 95 40 19 8 239
Kansas 85 142 45 138 43 38 12 318
Kentucky 90 262 50 265 50 2 <1 529
Louisiana 88 181 39 234 51 45 10 460
Maine 89 51 49 50 48 3 3 104
Maryland 90 147 49 108 36 43 14 298
Massachusetts 82 59 30 97 49 42 21 198
Michigan 94 343 53 209 32 95 15 647
Minnesota 93 129 54 75 31 35 15 239
Mississippi 81 209 41 276 55 19 4 504
Missouri 88 184 32 343 59 53 9 580
Montana 89 46 39 67 57 5 4 118
Nebraska 80 68 36 90 47 33 17 191
Nevada 94 94 59 55 35 9 6 158
New Hampshire 71 21 34 38 62 2 3 61
New Jersey 90 144 55 109 41 10 4 263
New Mexico 92 117 46 104 41 33 13 254
New York 94 250 57 154 35 38 9 442
North Carolina 88 449 50 408 45 40 4 897
North Dakota 84 26 38 32 46 11 16 69
Ohio 86 330 42 382 48 77 10 789
Oklahoma 85 194 44 212 48 37 8 443
Oregon 96 175 55 89 28 55 17 319
Pennsylvania 89 260 39 322 48 89 13 671
Rhode Island 88 15 43 18 51 2 6 35
South Carolina 90 295 47 302 48 37 6 634
South Dakota 75 31 43 38 53 3 4 72
Tennessee 92 383 49 346 44 52 7 781
Texas 91 1,203 52 892 38 230 10 2,325
Utah 90 88 59 47 32 13 9 148
Vermont 89 17 53 15 47 0 0 32
Virginia 85 254 45 303 54 7 1 564
Washington 93 147 48 105 34 53 17 305
West Virginia 90 78 46 72 43 19 11 169
Wisconsin 90 180 47 144 38 55 15 379
Wyoming 78 56 52 48 45 3 3 107
U.S. total 91 10,875 49 9,572 43 1,969 9 22,416

Rural versus urban

Nationwide, 45 percent of motor vehicle crash deaths in 2019 occurred in rural areas. The states with the highest percentage of crash deaths on rural roads were Vermont (89 percent), Montana (86 percent), and Wyoming (84 percent). The states with the lowest percentage were Rhode Island (4 percent), Massachusetts (7 percent), and New Jersey (11 percent). The District of Columbia had zero crash deaths in rural areas because its entirety is coded as an urban area.

Number and percent of motor vehicle crash deaths by land use and state, 2019
State Urban Rural Unknown Total
Number % Number % Number % Number
Alabama 395 42 535 58 0 0 930
Alaska 29 43 37 55 1 1 67
Arizona 595 61 339 35 47 5 981
Arkansas 163 32 342 68 0 0 505
California 2,463 68 1,135 31 8 <1 3,606
Colorado 351 59 242 41 3 1 596
Connecticut 199 80 47 19 3 1 249
Delaware 61 46 71 54 0 0 132
District of Columbia 23 100 0 0 0 0 23
Florida 2,343 74 838 26 2 <1 3,183
Georgia 971 65 520 35 0 0 1,491
Hawaii 86 80 21 19 1 1 108
Idaho 54 24 169 75 1 <1 224
Illinois 645 64 357 35 7 1 1,009
Indiana 314 39 492 61 3 <1 809
Iowa 92 27 244 73 0 0 336
Kansas 110 27 300 73 1 <1 411
Kentucky 229 31 503 69 0 0 732
Louisiana 352 48 375 52 0 0 727
Maine 30 19 124 79 3 2 157
Maryland 402 77 113 22 6 1 521
Massachusetts 310 93 24 7 0 0 334
Michigan 578 59 401 41 6 1 985
Minnesota 150 41 213 59 1 <1 364
Mississippi 193 30 450 70 0 0 643
Missouri 418 48 462 52 0 0 880
Montana 25 14 159 86 0 0 184
Nebraska 70 28 178 72 0 0 248
Nevada 191 63 111 37 2 1 304
New Hampshire 42 42 58 57 1 1 101
New Jersey 490 88 62 11 7 1 559
New Mexico 184 43 240 57 0 0 424
New York 600 64 330 35 1 <1 931
North Carolina 626 46 745 54 2 <1 1,373
North Dakota 16 16 81 81 3 3 100
Ohio 611 53 530 46 12 1 1,153
Oklahoma 217 34 422 66 1 <1 640
Oregon 207 42 282 58 0 0 489
Pennsylvania 552 52 501 47 6 1 1,059
Rhode Island 55 96 2 4 0 0 57
South Carolina 316 32 685 68 0 0 1,001
South Dakota 18 18 84 82 0 0 102
Tennessee 621 55 513 45 1 <1 1,135
Texas 2,153 60 1,455 40 7 <1 3,615
Utah 131 53 115 46 2 1 248
Vermont 5 11 42 89 0 0 47
Virginia 328 39 499 60 4 <1 831
Washington 283 55 232 45 4 1 519
West Virginia 87 33 167 64 6 2 260
Wisconsin 191 34 369 65 6 1 566
Wyoming 20 14 124 84 3 2 147
U.S. total 19,595 54 16,340 45 161 <1 36,096