Fatality Facts 2018Passenger vehicle occupants

Overview

The largest number of motor vehicle crash deaths occur among occupants of passenger vehicles, including cars, minivans, pickups, SUVs, and cargo/large passenger vans. The likelihood of crash death varies markedly among these vehicle types according to size. Small/light vehicles have less structure and size to absorb crash energy, so crash forces on occupants will be higher. People in lighter vehicles are at a disadvantage in collisions with heavier vehicles. Puckett, S.M. and Kindelberger, J.C. 2016. Relationships between Fatality Risk, Mass, and Footprint in Model Year 2003-2010 Passenger Cars and LTVs – Preliminary Report. (Docket No. NHTSA-2016-0068). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.Pickups and SUVs are proportionally more likely than cars to be in fatal single-vehicle crashes, especially rollovers. However, pickups and SUVs generally are heavier than cars, so occupant deaths in SUVs and pickups are less likely to occur in multiple-vehicle crashes.

Guide to car size groups

Curb weight Shadow (overall length x width in square feet)
70-80 81-90 91-100 101-110 > 110
Note: Passenger versions of vans often referred to as minivans are classified as cars.
2,001-2,500 lbs Mini Small Small Small Midsize
2,501-3,000 lbs Small Small Midsize Midsize Midsize
3,001-3,500 lbs Small Midsize Midsize Large Large
3,501-4,000 lbs Small Midsize Large Large Very large
> 4,000 lbs Midsize Midsize Large Very large Very large

Guide to SUV size groups

Curb weight
Small 3,001-3,750 lbs
Midsize
3,751-4,750 lbs
Large 4,751-5,750 lbs
Very large
> 5,750 lbs or shadow > 115 sq ft

Guide to pickup size groups

Curb weight
Small ≤ 4,000 lbs
Large > 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity = 1/2 ton
Very large
> 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity > 1/2 ton

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and The Polk Company's National Vehicle Population Profile.

Posted December 2019.

Crash types

Frontal impacts accounted for 56 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2018. Side impacts accounted for another 23 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in all crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2018
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 7,433 57 2,493 57 2,784 55 12,932 56
Side 3,568 27 807 18 930 18 5,350 23
Rear 834 6 173 4 286 6 1,310 6
Other (mostly rollover) 1,303 10 896 21 1,035 21 3,299 14
All* 13,138 100 4,369 100 5,035 100 22,891 100
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2018
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 2,856 56 1,270 52 1,309 50 5,506 53
Side 952 19 304 12 298 11 1,566 15
Rear 96 2 37 2 34 1 167 2
Other (mostly rollover) 1,185 23 849 35 972 37 3,063 30
All* 5,089 100 2,460 100 2,613 100 10,302 100
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2018
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 4,577 57 1,223 64 1,475 61 7,426 59
Side 2,616 33 503 26 632 26 3,784 30
Rear 738 9 136 7 252 10 1,143 9
Other (mostly rollover) 118 1 47 2 63 3 236 2
All* 8,049 100 1,909 100 2,422 100 12,589 100

Just 39 percent of car occupant deaths in 2018 occurred in single-vehicle crashes (and 61 percent occurred in multiple-vehicle crashes). In contrast, single-vehicle crashes accounted for 56 percent of pickup occupant deaths and 52 percent of SUV occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by vehicle and crash type, 2018
Vehicle type Deaths in single-vehicle crashes Deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes Deaths in all crashes*
Number % Number % Number %
Cars 5,089 39 8,049 61 13,138 100
Pickups 2,460 56 1,909 44 4,369 100
SUVs 2,613 52 2,422 48 5,035 100
Other 140 40 209 60 349 100
All passenger vehicles 10,302 45 12,589 55 22,891 100

Age and gender differences

Twenty-three percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2018 were younger than 25.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by age, 2018
Age All occupants
Number %
<25 5,335 23
25-29 2,420 11
30-34 1,882 8
35-39 1,589 7
40-44 1,307 6
45-49 1,392 6
50-54 1,319 6
55-59 1,525 7
60-64 1,313 6
65-69 1,149 5
70+ 3,631 16
All * 22,891 100

The majority (75 percent) of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2018 were drivers; 71 percent of these drivers were males.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by age, type, and gender, 2018
Age Drivers All occupants
Male Female Total* Male Female Total*
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
<16 19 73 7 27 26 100 431 51 416 49 847 100
16-19 710 65 379 35 1,089 100 1,041 60 681 40 1,723 100
20-24 1,494 72 570 28 2,064 100 1,910 69 854 31 2,765 100
25-29 1,360 73 510 27 1,870 100 1,681 69 739 31 2,420 100
30-34 1,112 72 436 28 1,549 100 1,303 69 578 31 1,882 100
35-39 909 72 350 28 1,259 100 1,066 67 523 33 1,589 100
40-44 755 72 297 28 1,052 100 891 68 416 32 1,307 100
45-49 820 73 309 27 1,129 100 937 67 455 33 1,392 100
50-54 791 73 295 27 1,086 100 900 68 419 32 1,319 100
55-59 899 71 376 29 1,275 100 1,013 66 512 34 1,525 100
60-64 738 69 327 31 1,066 100 841 64 471 36 1,313 100
65-69 655 69 293 31 948 100 720 63 429 37 1,149 100
≥70 1,837 67 905 33 2,742 100 2,125 59 1,506 41 3,631 100
All* 12,107 71 5,056 29 17,168 100 14,874 65 8,007 35 22,891 100

Eight percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths were in the second or third row; 29 percent of these were younger than 13.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by seating position and age, 2018
Seating position <13 years 13-19 years ≥20 years All*
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Driver 2 0 1,113 6 16,040 93 17,168 100
Front row passenger 84 2 441 12 3,045 85 3,577 100
Second row passenger 465 28 304 18 910 54 1,685 100
Third row passenger 45 44 13 13 45 44 103 100
All* 639 3 1,931 8 20,292 89 22,891 100

Driver death rates

Computing driver death rates per million registered passenger vehicles allows for comparisons of fatal crash risk across vehicle groups. The computed rates reflect the influence of vehicle designs plus their patterns of use and the demographics of their drivers. Driver death rates for each year are based on vehicles that were 1-3 years old at the time only so as to minimize the effects of vehicle aging. Death rates calculated from vehicles with fewer than 120,000 are considered unreliable and are not included.

Since 1978, the overall rates of driver and occupant deaths per million registered vehicles have declined across all passenger vehicle types. Declines in death rates have been largest for SUV occupants.

Passenger vehicle occupant death rates by vehicle type, 1978-2018

Occupant deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2018
Year Drivers All occupants
Cars Pickups SUVs All passenger vehicles Cars Pickups SUVs All passenger vehicles
1978 155 237 273 169 235 346 438 256
1979 165 246 271 180 244 350 425 265
1980 167 221 287 177 248 316 494 263
1981 177 216 237 182 259 296 389 265
1982 155 188 229 159 231 263 392 236
1983 148 188 225 153 220 263 337 225
1984 147 190 143 151 218 259 218 222
1985 139 182 141 144 207 257 227 213
1986 128 172 134 133 196 239 224 202
1987 129 178 136 136 196 248 232 205
1988 133 186 121 140 205 251 198 211
1989 130 185 116 138 199 255 185 208
1990 122 179 126 131 187 245 201 197
1991 108 169 109 117 169 229 175 178
1992 101 151 88 108 160 200 151 165
1993 97 137 93 102 152 187 141 156
1994 100 134 87 104 159 178 148 161
1995 103 134 102 107 160 180 157 162
1996 107 127 98 109 167 178 150 167
1997 96 118 93 99 152 161 146 153
1998 90 119 86 94 141 158 141 144
1999 91 120 93 96 138 162 139 143
2000 83 117 81 89 127 155 135 134
2001 83 130 74 89 124 170 116 131
2002 84 123 76 88 126 162 122 131
2003 81 115 72 85 122 151 115 126
2004 76 107 66 79 114 145 103 117
2005 79 110 56 78 117 145 88 114
2006 77 101 49 73 112 137 74 106
2007 70 95 44 67 103 128 69 99
2008 65 87 35 61 92 114 52 85
2009 56 63 25 49 82 83 36 69
2010 49 64 20 43 71 80 29 61
2011 43 49 17 37 62 66 24 52
2012 42 44 16 35 61 56 23 49
2013 41 39 19 34 58 52 26 48
2014 37 38 18 32 53 47 24 44
2015 42 40 20 35 62 52 29 51
2016 44 39 21 36 63 48 32 51
2017 46 37 22 36 66 46 33 51
2018 48 34 23 36 69 42 32 50

Historically, rates of driver deaths per million registered vehicles have been higher for smaller and lighter vehicles. This remains true in 2018, but the differences between large and small vehicles are less extreme today than they used to be.

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2018

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2018
Registered vehicles Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 1,051,275 88 84
Small 7,965,422 427 54
Midsize 9,736,590 396 41
Large 2,282,524 122 53
Very large 1,787,340 47 26
All cars 22,823,151 1,088 48
Pickups Small 1,276,485 33 26
Large 4,425,365 150 34
Very large 1,797,517 54 30
All pickups 7,499,367 256 34
SUVs Small 7,818,479 212 27
Midsize 9,372,452 195 21
Large 2,228,867 37 17
Very large 468,691 6 13
All SUVs 19,888,489 450 23
All passenger vehicles All 51,204,645 1,830 36

Overall in 2018, there were 14 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in single-vehicle crashes and 22 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in multiple-vehicle crashes. Cars had the highest number of deaths per registered vehicle both in single-vehicle crashes (18 per million) and in multiple-vehicle crashes (30 per million). SUVs had the lowest number of deaths per registered vehicle both in single-vehicle crashes (8 per million) and in multiple-vehicle crashes (15 per million).

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by crash type, 2018
Multiple-vehicle Single-vehicle Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 66 63 22 21 8 8 88 84
Small 279 35 148 19 50 6 427 54
Midsize 235 24 161 17 47 5 396 41
Large 67 29 55 24 24 11 122 53
Very large 29 16 18 10 6 3 47 26
All cars 683 30 405 18 136 6 1,088 48
Pickups Small 22 17 11 9 3 2 33 26
Large 75 17 75 17 24 5 150 34
Very large 28 16 26 14 4 2 54 30
All pickups 135 18 121 16 38 5 256 34
SUVs Small 153 20 59 8 23 3 212 27
Midsize 115 12 80 9 30 3 195 21
Large 21 9 16 7 9 4 37 17
Very large 2 4 4 9 1 2 6 13
All SUVs 291 15 159 8 63 3 450 23
All passenger vehicles All 1,137 22 693 14 239 5 1,830 36
Driver deaths per million 1-3 year old registered pickups and SUVs by crash type and 2WD/4WD, 2018
Multiple-vehicle Single-vehicle Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
2WD 4WD 2WD 4WD 2WD 4WD 2WD 4WD
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Pickups Small 12 22 10 14 4 7 7 10 1 2 2 3 16 29 17 23
Large 33 27 42 13 22 18 53 17 6 5 18 6 55 44 95 30
Very large 2 14 26 16 3 22 23 14 0 0 4 2 0 0 49 30
All pickups 47 24 78 14 29 15 83 15 7 4 24 4 76 40 161 29
SUVs Small 81 26 69 15 24 8 33 7 9 3 14 3 105 33 102 22
Midsize 68 19 47 8 32 9 48 8 8 2 22 4 100 29 95 16
Large 7 9 14 10 6 8 10 7 3 4 6 4 13 17 24 17
Very large 1 7 1 3 2 14 2 6 0 0 1 3 0 0 7 21
All SUVs 157 21 131 11 64 8 93 8 20 3 43 3 221 29 224 18

In multiple-vehicle crashes, frontal impacts accounted for 15 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in 2018. By comparison, multiple-vehicle side impacts accounted for 5 deaths per million and multiple-vehicle rear impacts accounted for 2 deaths per million.

Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2018
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars 438 19 162 7 71 3 3 <1 683 30
Pickups 99 13 27 4 8 1 0 0 135 18
SUVs 192 10 61 3 33 2 2 <1 291 15
All passenger vehicles 752 15 253 5 114 2 5 <1 1,137 22
Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by passenger vehicle size, 2018
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 42 40 14 13 9 9 1 <1 66 63
Small 186 23 56 7 37 5 0 <1 279 35
Midsize 144 15 64 7 21 2 1 <1 235 24
Large 38 17 23 10 4 2 1 <1 67 29
Very large 24 13 4 2 0 <1 0 <1 29 16
All cars 438 19 162 7 71 3 3 <1 683 30
Pickups Small 19 15 2 2 0 <1 0 <1 22 17
Large 49 11 21 5 5 1 0 <1 75 17
Very large 22 12 4 2 2 1 0 <1 28 16
All pickups 99 13 27 4 8 1 0 <1 135 18
SUVs Small 98 13 39 5 14 2 0 <1 153 20
Midsize 80 9 15 2 18 2 2 <1 115 12
Large 12 5 7 3 1 0 0 0 21 9
Very large 2 4 0 <1 0 <1 0 <1 2 4
All SUVs 192 10 61 3 33 2 2 <1 291 15
All passenger vehicles All 752 15 253 5 114 2 5 <1 1,137 22

In single-vehicle crashes, frontal impacts accounted for 10 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in 2018. By comparison, single-vehicle side impacts accounted for just 1 death per million and single-vehicle rear impacts for less than 1 death per million.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2018
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars 292 13 46 2 3 <1 24 1 405 18
Pickups 91 12 11 1 2 <1 12 2 121 16
SUVs 110 6 18 <1 2 <1 20 1 159 8
All passenger vehicles 501 10 75 1 7 <1 56 1 693 14
Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by passenger vehicle size, 2018
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 18 17 0 <1 0 <1 1 <1 22 21
Small 109 14 13 2 1 <1 9 1 148 19
Midsize 115 12 22 2 2 <1 8 <1 161 17
Large 34 15 10 4 0 <1 4 2 55 24
Very large 16 9 1 <1 0 <1 1 <1 18 10
All cars 292 13 46 2 3 <1 24 1 405 18
Pickups Small 9 7 0 <1 0 <1 2 2 11 9
Large 56 13 7 2 1 <1 7 2 75 17
Very large 22 12 3 2 0 <1 1 <1 26 14
All pickups 91 12 11 1 2 <1 12 2 121 16
SUVs Small 41 5 7 <1 0 <1 9 1 59 8
Midsize 57 6 7 <1 1 <1 9 <1 80 9
Large 9 4 3 1 1 0 2 1 16 7
Very large 3 6 1 2 0 <1 0 <1 4 9
All SUVs 110 6 18 <1 2 <1 20 1 159 8
All passenger vehicles All 501 10 75 1 7 <1 56 1 693 14

Rollover

A crash is classified as a rollover if the vehicle tips onto its side or roof at any time during the crash. The rollover may result from an impact with another vehicle or with a fixed object. Many rollovers occur after a vehicle leaves the roadway and may lead to occupants being ejected from the vehicle, increasing the likelihood of a fatality.

A total of 6,583 passenger vehicle occupants died in rollover crashes in 2018. Although most rollovers (72 percent) were associated with a pre-rollover impact, a substantial proportion (28 percent) rolled over without having impacted anything beforehand.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2018
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 1,245 47 688 40 818 39 2,781 42
Side 475 18 259 15 304 15 1,056 16
Rear 97 4 70 4 95 5 269 4
None 510 19 566 33 703 34 1,821 28
Other 322 12 151 9 175 8 656 10
All* 2,649 100 1,734 100 2,095 100 6,583 100

Crashes in which a vehicle rolled over accounted for 29 percent of all passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2018. The proportion of occupant deaths involving a rollover was much higher in single-vehicle crashes (49 percent) than it was for multiple-vehicle crashes (12 percent).

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by crash type, 1978-2018
Year Deaths in single-vehicle crashes Deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes Deaths in all crashes*
Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
1978 7,858 48 8,460 52 1,477 8 17,093 92 9,350 27 25,573 73
1979 8,010 48 8,542 52 1,666 9 16,779 91 9,691 28 25,335 72
1980 8,673 49 9,001 51 1,588 9 15,679 91 10,282 29 24,714 71
1981 8,211 50 8,188 50 1,588 9 15,692 91 9,812 29 23,899 71
1982 6,974 49 7,205 51 1,305 8 14,158 92 8,282 28 21,374 72
1983 6,951 50 7,079 50 1,256 8 13,868 92 8,207 28 20,947 72
1984 7,116 50 7,092 50 1,358 9 14,528 91 8,474 28 21,620 72
1985 6,900 50 6,779 50 1,361 8 14,805 92 8,262 28 21,586 72
1986 7,954 52 7,428 48 1,501 9 15,341 91 9,455 29 22,769 71
1987 8,162 53 7,363 47 1,629 9 15,991 91 9,791 30 23,354 70
1988 8,562 53 7,494 47 1,582 9 16,467 91 10,144 30 23,961 70
1989 8,060 52 7,558 48 1,620 9 16,361 91 9,680 29 23,919 71
1990 8,068 52 7,382 48 1,556 9 15,705 91 9,624 29 23,087 71
1991 7,749 52 7,131 48 1,523 10 14,407 90 9,272 30 21,538 70
1992 7,135 52 6,693 48 1,492 10 14,137 90 8,627 29 20,830 71
1993 7,002 51 6,821 49 1,524 9 14,647 91 8,526 28 21,468 72
1994 7,268 52 6,637 48 1,669 10 15,246 90 8,937 29 21,883 71
1995 7,802 53 6,940 47 1,708 10 15,464 90 9,510 30 22,404 70
1996 7,903 53 6,891 47 1,691 10 15,869 90 9,594 30 22,760 70
1997 7,712 53 6,743 47 1,774 10 16,114 90 9,486 29 22,857 71
1998 7,848 54 6,594 46 1,872 11 15,467 89 9,720 31 22,061 69
1999 8,255 56 6,502 44 1,839 11 15,412 89 10,094 32 21,914 68
2000 8,112 54 6,841 46 1,800 10 15,356 90 9,912 31 22,197 69
2001 8,375 55 6,786 45 1,747 10 15,030 90 10,122 32 21,816 68
2002 8,724 55 7,114 45 1,952 12 14,934 88 10,676 33 22,048 67
2003 8,462 55 6,936 45 1,940 12 14,828 88 10,402 32 21,764 68
2004 8,525 56 6,764 44 2,022 12 14,439 88 10,547 33 21,203 67
2005 8,730 57 6,713 43 2,095 13 13,902 87 10,825 34 20,630 66
2006 8,790 57 6,666 43 1,919 13 13,229 87 10,712 35 19,916 65
2007 8,429 56 6,528 44 1,844 13 12,330 87 10,274 35 18,881 65
2008 7,541 56 6,002 44 1,529 13 10,459 87 9,073 36 16,474 64
2009 6,868 55 5,538 45 1,451 13 9,630 87 8,322 35 15,185 65
2010 6,375 55 5,245 45 1,365 13 9,366 87 7,740 35 14,611 65
2011 6,148 55 5,076 45 1,293 13 8,896 87 7,441 35 13,972 65
2012 6,273 55 5,201 45 1,312 13 9,120 87 7,585 35 14,321 65
2013 5,825 53 5,168 47 1,257 12 9,111 88 7,082 33 14,279 67
2014 5,570 52 5,059 48 1,304 12 9,198 88 6,874 33 14,257 67
2015 5,802 53 5,138 47 1,458 12 10,343 88 7,260 32 15,481 68
2016 5,919 52 5,511 48 1,616 13 10,911 87 7,535 31 16,422 69
2017 5,617 51 5,455 49 1,651 13 11,143 87 7,268 30 16,598 70
2018 5,086 49 5,216 51 1,497 12 11,092 88 6,583 29 16,308 71

In 2018, rollover crashes accounted for 20 percent of occupant deaths in cars, 40 percent of occupant deaths in pickups, and 42 percent of occupant deaths in SUVs.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover vs. no rollover crashes, 1978-2018
Year Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants
Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
1978 6,422 23 21,476 77 1,989 39 3,114 61 520 61 332 39
1979 6,416 23 21,102 77 2,222 41 3,201 59 630 67 315 33
1980 6,862 25 20,420 75 2,263 41 3,226 59 735 65 389 35
1981 6,541 25 19,865 75 2,177 42 3,059 58 663 65 358 35
1982 5,477 24 17,667 76 1,935 40 2,844 60 571 66 291 34
1983 5,381 24 17,420 76 1,939 42 2,721 58 609 66 311 34
1984 5,525 24 17,959 76 2,048 42 2,836 58 587 66 299 34
1985 5,220 23 17,864 77 2,044 42 2,848 58 671 66 353 34
1986 6,000 24 18,898 76 2,371 44 2,963 56 737 65 394 35
1987 6,015 24 19,145 76 2,598 45 3,197 55 824 65 445 35
1988 6,246 24 19,630 76 2,762 45 3,327 55 815 62 505 38
1989 5,801 23 19,533 77 2,680 45 3,336 55 847 62 526 38
1990 5,714 23 18,749 77 2,713 45 3,319 55 910 61 570 39
1991 5,470 24 17,324 76 2,593 44 3,265 56 934 61 587 39
1992 4,968 23 16,921 77 2,479 45 2,997 55 879 63 511 37
1993 4,877 22 17,289 78 2,415 43 3,196 57 971 63 581 37
1994 5,149 23 17,559 77 2,393 43 3,211 57 1,102 61 707 39
1995 5,381 23 17,838 77 2,581 43 3,392 57 1,257 63 749 37
1996 5,357 23 18,170 77 2,539 43 3,389 57 1,429 65 781 35
1997 5,174 22 18,069 78 2,479 42 3,443 58 1,516 63 900 37
1998 5,177 23 17,298 77 2,537 43 3,367 57 1,703 63 1,008 37
1999 5,212 23 16,997 77 2,699 44 3,396 56 1,901 63 1,118 37
2000 5,030 23 17,061 77 2,529 42 3,467 58 2,067 62 1,270 38
2001 5,056 23 16,632 77 2,636 43 3,485 57 2,159 61 1,362 39
2002 5,279 24 16,835 76 2,715 45 3,343 55 2,474 62 1,548 38
2003 4,943 23 16,182 77 2,509 43 3,324 57 2,658 60 1,805 40
2004 4,801 23 15,822 77 2,519 44 3,197 56 2,949 62 1,823 38
2005 4,860 24 15,096 76 2,773 46 3,267 54 2,909 60 1,938 40
2006 4,754 25 14,333 75 2,781 47 3,096 53 2,919 59 2,054 41
2007 4,414 25 13,391 75 2,660 46 3,098 54 2,929 59 2,046 41
2008 3,994 25 11,731 75 2,368 47 2,653 53 2,510 58 1,840 42
2009 3,515 25 10,609 75 2,246 48 2,473 52 2,388 56 1,866 44
2010 3,202 24 10,231 76 2,057 46 2,386 54 2,340 57 1,790 43
2011 3,063 24 9,675 76 1,973 46 2,272 54 2,259 55 1,836 45
2012 3,208 24 9,904 76 1,987 46 2,352 54 2,287 55 1,884 45
2013 2,991 23 9,740 77 1,916 45 2,299 55 2,057 50 2,041 50
2014 2,818 22 9,725 78 1,871 44 2,352 56 2,070 50 2,033 50
2015 3,004 23 10,316 77 1,916 43 2,574 57 2,211 48 2,366 52
2016 3,124 22 10,933 78 1,973 43 2,652 57 2,305 47 2,603 53
2017 3,007 22 10,895 78 1,837 41 2,597 59 2,322 45 2,864 55
2018 2,649 20 10,489 80 1,734 40 2,635 60 2,095 42 2,940 58

A total of 5,086 passenger vehicle occupants died in single-vehicle rollover crashes in 2018, which accounts for more than three-fourths of all rollover deaths (6,583 in all). The number of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle rollovers was 9 percent lower than it was in 2017 and 35 percent lower than it was in 1978.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes, 1978-2018
Year Car drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicle drivers All passenger vehicle occupants
1978 3,710 1,140 271 5,323 7,858
1979 3,610 1,263 329 5,396 8,010
1980 3,995 1,309 406 5,895 8,673
1981 3,826 1,291 364 5,687 8,211
1982 3,222 1,162 312 4,828 6,974
1983 3,169 1,120 319 4,732 6,951
1984 3,252 1,226 331 4,964 7,116
1985 3,076 1,202 360 4,773 6,900
1986 3,477 1,401 375 5,400 7,954
1987 3,436 1,535 403 5,528 8,162
1988 3,679 1,656 447 5,925 8,562
1989 3,314 1,629 463 5,551 8,060
1990 3,301 1,563 486 5,477 8,068
1991 3,105 1,595 470 5,282 7,749
1992 2,806 1,492 442 4,848 7,135
1993 2,670 1,462 494 4,729 7,002
1994 2,838 1,403 522 4,879 7,268
1995 3,024 1,556 602 5,284 7,802
1996 2,953 1,514 720 5,294 7,903
1997 2,836 1,469 754 5,178 7,712
1998 2,878 1,545 808 5,328 7,848
1999 2,882 1,667 999 5,644 8,255
2000 2,813 1,526 1,035 5,466 8,112
2001 2,852 1,651 1,063 5,654 8,375
2002 2,998 1,668 1,224 5,967 8,724
2003 2,762 1,595 1,331 5,789 8,462
2004 2,715 1,540 1,490 5,853 8,525
2005 2,779 1,711 1,478 6,074 8,730
2006 2,776 1,754 1,555 6,198 8,790
2007 2,640 1,683 1,516 5,934 8,429
2008 2,362 1,537 1,398 5,380 7,541
2009 2,103 1,478 1,273 4,913 6,868
2010 1,954 1,324 1,226 4,548 6,375
2011 1,851 1,297 1,218 4,430 6,148
2012 1,955 1,288 1,287 4,567 6,273
2013 1,808 1,219 1,112 4,181 5,825
2014 1,674 1,195 1,185 4,100 5,570
2015 1,798 1,206 1,210 4,269 5,802
2016 1,894 1,221 1,208 4,377 5,919
2017 1,809 1,155 1,245 4,244 5,617
2018 1,590 1,106 1,119 3,853 5,086

In 2018, single-vehicle rollover crashes accounted for 16 percent of occupant deaths in cars, 31 percent of occupant deaths in pickups, and 31 percent of occupant deaths in SUVs.

Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all occupant deaths, 2018
Drivers All occupants
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Cars Mini 77 14 558 100 100 14 710 100
Small 475 15 3,137 100 620 15 4,179 100
Midsize 608 17 3,572 100 818 17 4,816 100
Large 310 18 1,768 100 404 17 2,351 100
Very large 99 16 632 100 134 14 928 100
All cars 1,590 16 9,789 100 2,102 16 13,138 100
Pickups Small 268 27 1,008 100 311 26 1,182 100
Large 575 31 1,845 100 698 31 2,288 100
Very large 235 41 570 100 293 40 733 100
All pickups 1,106 31 3,542 100 1,336 31 4,369 100
SUVs Small 247 22 1,117 100 318 22 1,455 100
Midsize 591 34 1,759 100 825 33 2,482 100
Large 211 40 528 100 322 42 772 100
Very large 58 32 181 100 101 35 288 100
All SUVs 1,119 31 3,612 100 1,580 31 5,035 100
All passenger vehicles All 3,853 22 17,168 100 5,086 22 22,891 100
Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all driver deaths for pickups and SUVs by 2WD/4WD, 2018
2WD 4WD
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Pickups Small 176 24 721 100 92 32 287 100
Large 277 28 980 100 298 34 865 100
Very large 37 33 112 100 198 43 458 100
All pickups 491 27 1,827 100 589 36 1,614 100
SUVs Small 69 16 431 100 178 26 681 100
Midsize 245 32 772 100 346 35 987 100
Large 96 44 220 100 115 37 308 100
Very large 18 23 78 100 40 39 103 100
All SUVs 428 29 1,501 100 683 33 2,083 100
Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as percent of all occupant deaths for pickups and SUVs by 2WD/4WD, 2018
2WD 4WD
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Pickups Small 204 24 838 100 107 31 344 100
Large 332 27 1,213 100 366 34 1,075 100
Very large 47 32 149 100 246 42 584 100
All pickups 585 26 2,217 100 720 36 2,008 100
SUVs Small 90 15 581 100 228 26 869 100
Midsize 351 32 1,093 100 474 34 1,389 100
Large 151 45 336 100 171 39 436 100
Very large 44 32 139 100 57 38 149 100
All SUVs 636 30 2,149 100 935 33 2,850 100

Since 1978, driver death rates for single-vehicle rollover crashes have declined across all passenger vehicle types, particularly among SUVs.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2018

Driver deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2018
Year Car drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicles
1978 32 78 141 41
1979 31 90 155 43
1980 37 83 168 47
1981 35 76 137 44
1982 31 65 129 38
1983 29 62 126 35
1984 27 72 69 34
1985 25 61 73 32
1986 24 70 62 32
1987 24 68 67 33
1988 26 70 55 34
1989 24 68 60 33
1990 25 68 60 34
1991 23 66 54 31
1992 20 56 40 27
1993 19 50 51 26
1994 19 42 37 25
1995 20 49 45 27
1996 24 47 55 31
1997 21 44 43 27
1998 21 43 43 28
1999 20 49 47 29
2000 18 46 42 27
2001 18 53 36 27
2002 18 52 36 28
2003 16 47 34 25
2004 15 44 30 23
2005 16 46 24 23
2006 15 44 19 21
2007 14 38 16 19
2008 13 32 12 16
2009 13 28 6 13
2010 11 25 4 11
2011 8 17 4 8
2012 6 11 3 6
2013 5 11 3 5
2014 6 9 3 6
2015 6 7 3 5
2016 5 7 3 5
2017 6 6 3 5
2018 6 5 3 5