Motorcycles and ATVs | 2017

Motorcycles are less stable and less visible than cars and often have high performance capabilities. When motorcycles crash, their riders lack the protection of an enclosed vehicle, so they're more likely to be injured or killed. The federal government estimates that per mile traveled in 2016, the number of deaths on motorcycles was nearly 28 times the number in cars. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2018. Traffic safety facts, 2016: motorcycles. Report no. DOT HS-812-492. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation.

Because serious head injury is common among fatally injured motorcyclists, helmet use is important. Helmets are about 37 percent effective in preventing motorcycle deaths Deutermann, W. 2004. Motorcycle helmet effectiveness revisited. Report no. DOT HS-809-715. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. and about 67 percent effective in preventing brain injuries. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2008. Traffic safety facts, laws: motorcycle helmet use laws. Report no. DOT HS-810-887W. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation.  Yet only 19 states and the District of Columbia mandate helmet use by all riders. 

All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are not designed for on-highway use, but in recent years 300 or more riders died in crashes on public roads annually.  

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).

Posted December 2018.

Trends

A total of 5,172 motorcyclists died in crashes in 2017. Motorcyclist deaths had been declining since the early 1980s but began to increase in 1998 and continued to increase through 2008.  Motorcycle deaths accounted for 14 percent of all motor vehicle crash deaths in 2017 and were more than double the number of motorcyclist deaths in 1997. 

Passenger vehicle occupant and motorcyclist deaths as a percentage of all motor vehicle crash deaths, 1975-2017
YearPassenger vehicle occupant deathsMotorcyclist deaths All motor vehicle deaths
Number%Number%Number%
1975 30,601 69 3,180 7 44,525 100
1976 31,724 70 3,306 7 45,523 100
1977 32,823 69 4,099 9 47,878 100
1978 34,923 69 4,574 9 50,331 100
1979 35,026 69 4,892 10 51,093 100
1980 34,996 68 5,138 10 51,091 100
1981 33,711 68 4,896 10 49,301 100
1982 29,656 67 4,449 10 43,945 100
1983 29,154 68 4,260 10 42,589 100
1984 30,094 68 4,602 10 44,257 100
1985 29,848 68 4,562 10 43,825 100
1986 32,224 70 4,566 10 46,087 100
1987 33,145 71 4,034 9 46,390 100
1988 34,105 72 3,661 8 47,087 100
1989 33,599 74 3,135 7 45,582 100
1990 32,711 73 3,243 7 44,599 100
1991 30,810 74 2,805 7 41,508 100
1992 29,457 75 2,395 6 39,250 100
1993 29,994 75 2,445 6 40,150 100
1994 30,820 76 2,317 6 40,716 100
1995 31,914 76 2,226 5 41,817 100
1996 32,354 77 2,161 5 42,065 100
1997 32,343 77 2,116 5 42,013 100
1998 31,781 77 2,294 6 41,501 100
1999 32,008 77 2,483 6 41,717 100
2000 32,109 77 2,895 7 41,945 100
2001 31,938 76 3,195 8 42,196 100
2002 32,724 76 3,267 8 43,005 100
2003 32,166 75 3,710 9 42,884 100
2004 31,750 74 4,026 9 42,836 100
2005 31,455 72 4,575 11 43,510 100
2006 30,628 72 4,810 11 42,708 100
2007 29,155 71 5,174 13 41,259 100
2008 25,547 68 5,307 14 37,423 100
2009 23,507 69 4,467 13 33,883 100
2010 22,351 68 4,517 14 32,999 100
2011 21,413 66 4,630 14 32,479 100
2012 21,906 65 4,986 15 33,782 100
2013 21,361 65 4,691 14 32,894 100
2014 21,131 65 4,594 14 32,744 100
2015 22,741 64 5,026 14 35,485 100
2016 23,957 63 5,337 14 37,806 100
2017 23,708 64 5,172 14 37,133 100

In 2017, 31 percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers were operating without a valid driver's license. The rate of unlicensed fatally injured motorcycle drivers during 2017 was higher than the rate of unlicensed fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers (31 percent vs. 16 percent).

Passenger vehicle and motorcycle driver deaths by driver's license status, 2006-2017
YearPassenger vehicle driversMotorcycle drivers
No valid licenseValid license Total* No valid licenseValid license Total*
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
2008 2,702 15 15,399 84 18,266 100 1,280 26 3,656 74 4,970 100
2009 2,407 14 14,294 85 16,834 100 975 23 3,163 76 4,163 100
2010 2,273 14 13,672 85 16,029 100 978 23 3,205 76 4,207 100
2011 2,254 14 13,225 85 15,561 100 1,021 24 3,300 76 4,341 100
2012 2,366 15 13,464 85 15,915 100 1,216 26 3,399 73 4,652 100
2013 2,319 15 13,174 85 15,577 100 1,227 28 3,165 72 4,422 100
2014 2,512 16 12,879 83 15,495 100 1,297 30 2,995 69 4,318 100
2015 2,583 16 13,942 84 16,629 100 1,375 29 3,326 70 4,732 100
2016 2,866 16 14,660 83 17,641 100 1,445 29 3,516 70 4,998 100
2017 2,907 16 14,626 83 17,662 100 1,495 31 3,350 69 4,885 100

Thirty-eight percent of motorcyclist deaths in 2017 occurred in single-vehicle crashes, and 62 percent occurred in multiple-vehicle crashes.  

Motorcyclist deaths by crash type, 1975-2017
YearSingle-vehicle Multiple-vehicleAll crashes*
Deaths%Deaths%Deaths%
1975 1,149 36 2,025 64 3,180 100
1976 1,247 38 2,042 62 3,306 100
1977 1,579 39 2,503 61 4,099 100
1978 1,720 38 2,831 62 4,574 100
1979 1,919 39 2,957 60 4,892 100
1980 2,067 40 3,046 59 5,138 100
1981 1,952 40 2,920 60 4,896 100
1982 1,844 41 2,605 59 4,449 100
1983 1,835 43 2,425 57 4,260 100
1984 1,925 42 2,677 58 4,602 100
1985 1,928 42 2,634 58 4,562 100
1986 1,929 42 2,637 58 4,566 100
1987 1,661 41 2,373 59 4,034 100
1988 1,518 41 2,143 59 3,661 100
1989 1,382 44 1,753 56 3,135 100
1990 1,406 43 1,837 57 3,243 100
1991 1,238 44 1,567 56 2,805 100
1992 1,074 45 1,321 55 2,395 100
1993 1,021 42 1,424 58 2,445 100
1994 981 42 1,336 58 2,317 100
1995 927 42 1,299 58 2,226 100
1996 906 42 1,255 58 2,161 100
1997 898 42 1,218 58 2,116 100
1998 1,013 44 1,281 56 2,294 100
1999 1,098 44 1,385 56 2,483 100
2000 1,270 44 1,625 56 2,895 100
2001 1,422 45 1,773 55 3,195 100
2002 1,495 46 1,772 54 3,267 100
2003 1,569 42 2,141 58 3,710 100
2004 1,754 44 2,272 56 4,026 100
2005 1,971 43 2,599 57 4,575 100
2006 2,082 43 2,722 57 4,810 100
2007 2,262 44 2,910 56 5,174 100
2008 2,394 45 2,909 55 5,307 100
2009 1,987 44 2,478 55 4,467 100
2010 2,023 45 2,494 55 4,517 100
2011 2,088 45 2,542 55 4,630 100
2012 2,133 43 2,853 57 4,986 100
2013 1,938 41 2,753 59 4,691 100
2014 1,887 41 2,707 59 4,594 100
2015 1,994 40 3,032 60 5,026 100
2016 2,081 39 3,256 61 5,337 100
2017 1,956 38 3,216 62 5,172 100

Age and gender

In the late 1970s the proportion of fatally injured motorcyclists who were 50 and older started to increase, rising from 3 percent of all rider deaths in 1978 to 14 percent in 1997 and 36 percent in 2017. In contrast, 28 percent of the fatally injured motorcyclists in 2017 were younger than 30, compared with 80 percent in 1975. 

Motorcyclist deaths by age, 1975-2017
Year≤29 years30-39 years 40-49 years ≥50 yearsTotal*
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
19752,538 80 428 13 129 4 81 33,180 100
19762,631 80 429 13 143 4 101 33,306 100
19773,279 80 537 13 149 4 129 34,099 100
19783,639 80 613 13 185 4 130 34,574 100
19793,732 76 747 15 233 5 173 44,892 100
19803,756 73 918 18 278 5 182 45,138 100
19813,594 73 850 17 262 5 181 44,896 100
19823,210 72 808 18 253 6 167 44,449 100
19833,074 72 776 18 239 6 165 44,260 100
19843,285 71 833 18 275 6 195 44,602 100
19853,265 72 861 19 247 5 184 44,562 100
19863,218 70 913 20 268 6 156 34,566 100
19872,727 68 853 21 286 7 168 44,034 100
19882,426 66 774 21 290 8 170 53,661 100
19891,927 61 760 24 288 9 157 53,135 100
19901,961 60 816 25 277 9 188 63,243 100
19911,629 58 728 26 296 11 151 52,805 100
19921,299 54 652 27 280 12 164 72,395 100
19931,267 52 665 27 335 14 176 72,445 100
19941,168 50 607 26 346 15 195 82,317 100
19951,103 50 576 26 359 16 188 82,226 100
1996 965 45 555 26 420 19 221 102,161 100
1997 860 41 556 26 405 19 294 142,116 100
1998 921 40 612 27 475 21 285 122,294 100
1999 898 36 612 25 570 23 403 162,483 100
20001,006 35 706 24 677 23 501 172,895 100
20011,134 35 798 25 729 23 532 173,195 100
20021,042 32 780 24 769 24 674 213,267 100
20031,179 32 837 23 903 24 789 213,710 100
20041,297 32 875 22 971 24 883 224,026 100
20051,441 31 975 211,027 221,131 254,575 100
20061,524 321,000 211,107 231,178 244,810 100
20071,581 311,043 201,173 231,372 275,174 100
20081,620 31 989 191,178 221,518 295,307 100
20091,186 27 851 191,016 231,411 324,467 100
20101,171 26 814 18 996 221,535 344,517 100
20111,228 27 827 18 944 201,630 354,630 100
20121,290 26 913 18 990 201,792 364,986 100
20131,281 27 817 17 953 201,640 354,691 100
20141,344 29 769 17 798 171,682 374,594 100
20151,477 29 855 17 884 181,808 365,026 100
20161,508 28 963 18 905 171,955 375,337 100
20171,462 28 950 18 889 171,868 365,172 100

Ninety-one percent of motorcyclists killed in 2017 were males.

Motorcyclist deaths by age and gender, 2017
AgeMale FemaleTotal*
Number%Number%Number%
<16 11 79 3 21 14 100
16-19 170 92 15 8 185 100
20-24 572 95 33 5 605 100
25-29 613 93 45 7 658 100
30-34 474 92 39 8 513 100
35-39 403 92 34 8 437 100
40-44 378 89 48 11 426 100
45-49 412 89 51 11 463 100
50-54 427 86 69 14 496 100
55-59 494 92 42 8 537 100
60-69 547 90 58 10 605 100
≥70 222 97 8 3 230 100
Total* 4,724 91 446 9 5,172 100

Fifty-nine percent of the female motorcyclists who died in crashes in 2017 were passengers, and their deaths represented 92 percent of the passenger deaths. The vast majority of male motorcyclists who died were drivers.

Motorcyclist deaths by person type and gender, 2017
Person typeMale Female
Number%Number%
Driver 4,701100 182 41
Passenger 22 <1 262 59
Total* 4,724100 446100

Helmet use

In 2017, 61 percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers were helmeted. Helmet use was lower, at 39 percent, for people killed as passengers on motorcycles.

Helmet use of fatally injured motorcycle drivers and passengers, 2017
Helmet No helmet Unknown Total
Number%Number%Number%Number%
Driver 2,992 61 1,747 36 146 3 4,885 100
Passenger 110 39 161 57 13 4 284 100
Total* 3,104 60 1,908 37 160 3 5,172 100

In 2017, 89 percent of fatally injured motorcyclists were helmeted in states with helmet laws that cover all riders, in contrast to only 31 percent in states with no helmet law. In states with helmet laws that cover only some riders, 42 percent of fatally injured motorcyclists were helmeted.

Helmet use of fatally injured motorcyclists by helmet law status, 2017
Helmet No helmet Unknown Total
Number%Number%Number%Number%
No law 71 31 149 66 5 2 225 100
Partial law 1,206 42 1,605 56 79 2 2,890 100
Universal law 1,827 89 154 7 76 3 2,057 100
Total 3,104 60 1,908 37 160 3 5,172 100

Motorcycle type and engine size

Engine sizes of motorcycles whose drivers were killed in crashes have gone up dramatically. Among motorcycle drivers killed in 2017, 33 percent drove motorcycles with engine sizes larger than 1,400 cc, compared with 9 percent in 2000 and less than 1 percent in 1990.

Motorcycle driver deaths by motorcycle engine size, 1985-2017
Year0-1,000 cc 1,001-1,400 cc>1,400 cc Total*
Number%Number%Number%Number
1985 2,68267 61415 0 0 4,021
1986 2,82270 62516 0 0 4,019
1987 2,51570 60217 0 0 3,590
1988 2,21968 61719 6<1 3,281
1989 1,87968 53919 3<1 2,780
1990 1,93767 62021 5<1 2,895
1991 1,67267 55622 13 1 2,496
1992 1,38964 52224 8<1 2,172
1993 1,37162 58626 11<1 2,212
1994 1,24459 54026 15 1 2,092
1995 1,21560 56828 22 1 2,020
1996 1,13558 55228 38 2 1,962
1997 1,07956 61832 33 2 1,937
1998 1,16956 65031 46 2 2,089
1999 1,09948 64428 99 4 2,286
2000 1,37152 77929 234 9 2,651
2001 1,55353 78126 30910 2,953
2002 1,50650 73724 48216 3,031
2003 1,64148 83024 61418 3,423
2004 1,79748 81322 72420 3,711
2005 2,09249 93222 86520 4,253
2006 2,20049 86219 1,01823 4,492
2007 2,42550 91719 1,12023 4,853
2008 2,36047 87718 1,24525 4,970
2009 1,84744 73618 1,14427 4,163
2010 1,77242 73117 1,18228 4,207
2011 1,98046 75517 1,18327 4,341
2012 2,02744 79117 1,31628 4,652
2013 1,95147 69217 1,27631 4,126
2014 1,88847 67917 1,29032 4,035
2015 2,06547 72716 1,38431 4,415
2016 2,13146 76516 1,54833 4,653
2017 2,17845 73015 1,59533 4,885

Among the motorcycles whose drivers were killed in 2017, 92 percent of touring bikes had engines larger than 1,400 cc, while virtually all supersport bikes had engines of sizes 1,000 cc or smaller.

Fatally injured motorcycle drivers by motorcycle type and engine size, 2017
0-1,000 cc 1,001-1,400 cc>1,400 cc Total *
Number%Number%Number%Number%
Cruiser/standard 419 27 430 27 720 46 1,570100
Touring 00 74 8 848 92 922100
Sport-touring 17 33 31 61 3 6 51100
Sport/unclad sport 386 71 146 27 10 2 542100
Supersport 1,073 98 14 1 00 1,090100
Off-road 91100 00 00 91100
Other/unknown 195 32 35 6 14 2 619100
Total 2,181 45 730 15 1,595 33 4,885100

Among fatally injured motorcycle drivers in 2017, 84 percent of cruiser or standard motorcycle drivers were 30 or older, as were 94 percent of touring bike drivers. In contrast, 56 percent of fatally injured supersport drivers in 2017 were younger than 30.

Fatally injured motorcycle drivers by age and motorcycle type, 2017
<30 years 30-39 years 40-49 years 50+ years Total *
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
Cruiser/standard 244 16 245 16 288 18 793 511,570 100
Touring 54 6 90 10 195 21 583 63 922 100
Sport-touring 7 14 9 18 7 14 28 55 51 100
Sport/unclad sport 263 49 134 25 86 16 58 11 542 100
Supersport 607 56 316 29 129 12 38 31,090 100
Off-road 56 62 20 22 11 12 4 4 91 100
Other/unknown 160 26 92 15 104 17 262 42 619 100
Total 1,391 28 906 19 820 171,766 364,885 100

At 83 percent, helmet use was highest among fatally injured drivers of sport-touring motorcycles in 2017, followed closely by sport/unclad sport at 82 percent and supersport at 81 percent. About half of fatally injured drivers of touring motorcycles and of cruisers or standard motorcycles were helmeted.

Helmet use of fatally injured motorcycle drivers by motorcycle type, 2017
Helmet No helmet Unknown Total
Number%Number%Number%Number%
Cruiser/standard 844 53 690 44 36 2 1,570 100
Touring 468 50 429 47 25 3 922 100
Sport-touring 42 83 8 16 1 2 51 100
Sport/unclad sport 444 82 82 15 16 2 542 100
Supersport 879 81 177 16 34 3 1,090 100
Off-road 22 24 67 74 2 2 91 100
Other 222 100 195 91 18 9 435 200
Unknown 71 39 99 54 14 8 184 100
Total 2,992 61 1,747 36 146 3 4,885 100

When and where they died

Fifty-eight percent of motorcyclist deaths in 2017 occurred during May-September. Fatalities peaked in July and were lowest in January. 

Motorcyclist deaths by month, 2017
MonthDeaths%
January 191 4
February 261 5
March 320 6
April 494 10
May 506 10
June 616 12
July 707 14
August 564 11
September 610 12
October 431 8
November 270 5
December 202 4
Total 5,172 100

Forty-eight percent of motorcyclist deaths in 2017 occurred on weekends, and those deaths were more likely to occur after 6 p.m. compared with weekdays.

Motorcyclist deaths by time of day, 2017
Weekend (6 p.m. Friday - 6 a.m. Monday)Other times Total
Number%Number%
Midnight - 3 a.m. 264 10 173 7 437
3 a.m. - 6 a.m. 100 3 100 4 200
6 a.m. - 9 a.m. 66 3 210 8 276
9 a.m. - noon 170 6 257 9 427
Noon - 3 p.m. 392 16 435 17 827
3 p.m. - 6 p.m. 447 18 632 24 1,079
6 p.m. - 9 p.m. 609 24 500 18 1,109
9 p.m. - midnight 434 18 344 13 778
Total* 2,492 100 2,680 100 5,172

Fifty-three percent of motorcyclist deaths in 2017 occurred on major roads other than interstates and freeways. Deaths were more likely to occur in urban than rural areas (58 percent vs. 38 percent).

Motorcyclist deaths by location of crash, 2017
Road TypeUrban Rural Total*
Number%Number%Number%
Interstates and freeways 494 10 121 2 615 12
Non-interstate major roads 1,801 35 925 18 2,726 53
Minor roads 727 14 939 18 1,666 32
Total* 3,025 58 1,986 38 5,172100

Alcohol involvement

Twenty-eight percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers in 2017 had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) at or above 0.08 percent; in single-vehicle crashes this was 42 percent.

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers with high BACs by crash type, 2017
Crash typeDeathsEstimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.08Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.15
NumberNumber%Number%
Single-vehicle 1,853 786 42 522 28
Multiple-vehicle 3,032 571 19 313 10
All crashes 4,885 1,357 28 835 17

Forty-nine percent of motorcycle drivers killed at night (9 p.m.-6 a.m.) in 2017 had BACs at or above 0.08 percent.

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers with high BACs by time of day, 2017
Time of dayDeathsEstimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.08Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.15
NumberNumber%Number%
Nighttime (9 p.m. - 6 a.m.) 1,338 661 49 423 32
Other times 3,547 696 20 412 12
Total 4,885 1,357 28 835 17

ATVs

Deaths of ATV riders on public roads have increased nearly ninefold since 1982, the first year they were explicitly identified in FARS.  The proportion of fatally injured ATV riders who were 40 and older increased from 9 percent in 1982 to 41 percent in 2017.  The proportion younger than age 20 decreased from 54 percent in 1982 to 22 percent in 2017. 

Deaths of ATV rider on public roads by age, 1982-2017
Year<13 years 13-19 years20-29 years30-39 years40-49 years50+ years Total*
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
1982 6 17 13 37 7 20 6 1700 3 9 35 100
1983 2 5 18 43 12 29 5 12 2 5 3 7 42 100
1984 4 9 17 36 14 30 6 13 5 11 1 2 47 100
1985 9 20 20 43 12 26 1 2 1 2 3 7 46 100
1986 11 18 20 33 21 34 6 10 1 2 2 3 61 100
1987 12 16 18 24 23 31 10 14 6 8 5 7 74 100
1988 14 18 26 34 21 27 7 9 5 6 4 5 77 100
1989 13 14 39 41 21 22 10 11 6 6 6 6 95 100
1990 12 10 44 36 37 31 13 11 8 7 7 6 121 100
1991 10 8 34 29 42 36 18 15 6 5 8 7 118 100
1992 8 7 44 37 39 33 12 10 4 3 12 10 119 100
1993 11 11 42 41 23 23 20 20 2 2 4 4 102 100
1994 10 9 42 37 31 27 12 11 8 7 10 9 113 100
1995 9 9 34 33 32 31 12 12 4 4 11 11 102 100
1996 16 11 44 30 43 29 23 16 6 4 16 11 148 100
1997 10 8 47 36 33 25 18 14 5 4 17 13 130 100
1998 17 12 55 37 29 20 23 16 12 8 11 7 147 100
1999 13 8 60 35 46 27 26 15 11 6 17 10 173 100
2000 12 6 73 34 63 30 30 14 18 8 17 8 213 100
2001 19 8 69 31 51 23 46 21 19 8 20 9 224 100
2002 21 8 69 28 69 28 39 16 21 8 31 12 250 100
2003 22 7 83 28 73 24 49 16 43 14 31 10 301 100
2004 22 7 99 29 101 30 39 12 33 10 43 13 337 100
2005 29 9 87 26 89 26 46 14 40 12 46 14 337 100
2006 16 4 95 26 102 28 61 17 41 11 47 13 362 100
2007 17 5 79 21 116 32 60 16 60 16 36 10 368 100
2008 24 6 83 22 98 26 65 17 46 12 61 16 377 100
2009 16 5 70 21 81 24 54 16 61 18 53 16 335 100
2010 16 5 51 16 66 21 47 15 56 18 80 25 316 100
2011 10 3 47 15 74 24 54 18 54 18 66 22 305 100
2012 15 5 40 13 79 26 56 18 53 17 61 20 304 100
2013 14 4 48 15 73 23 61 19 48 15 76 24 320 100
2014 18 6 37 11 81 25 64 20 46 14 79 24 325 100
2015 19 6 42 13 73 22 53 16 50 15 97 29 334 100
2016 15 4 51 14 81 23 60 17 49 14 98 28 354 100
2017 14 5 51 17 69 23 43 14 36 12 87 29 300 100

Nine percent of fatally injured ATV riders wore helmets in 2017.

Helmet use among fatally injured ATV riders on public roads, 2017
No helmet Helmet Other/unknownTotal
Number%Number%Number%Number%
Driver 218 83 25 10 19 7 262 100
Passenger 26 84 1 3 4 13 31 100
Unknown 5 7100 2 29 7 100
Total 249 83 26 9 25 8 300 100
Seventy-one percent of fatally injured ATV riders were killed in crashes involving no other vehicles in 2017, compared with 46 percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in crashes.
Crash deaths by number of involved vehicles and vehicle type, 2017
Crash type ATV riders Passenger vehicle occupantsAll motor vehicle deaths*
Number%Number%Number%
Single-vehicle 214 71 11,019 46 19,969 54
Multiple-vehicle 86 29 12,689 54 17,164 46
All crashes 300 100 23,708 100 37,133 100
Among ATV riders killed in single-vehicle crashes in 2017, 60 percent involved the ATV rolling over during the crash. This was comparable with SUVs and large trucks, but higher than cars (43 percent).
Occupant deaths in single-vehicle crashes by rollover, 2017
Rollover No rolloverTotal
Number%Number%Number%
ATV 129 60 85 40 214 100
Car 2,398 43 3,169 57 5,567 100
SUV 1,722 62 1,037 38 2,759 100
Pickup 1,420 55 1,140 45 2,560 100
Large trucks 251 63 147 37 398 100

ATV rider deaths on public roads in 2017 were highest in June. Fifty-eight percent of the deaths in 2017 occurred during May-September. 

ATV rider deaths on public roads by month, 2017
Deaths%
January 11 4
February 12 4
March 16 5
April 29 10
May 28 9
June 40 13
July 39 13
August 32 11
September 34 11
October 24 8
November 15 5
December 20 7
Total 300 100
Seventy-nine percent of ATV riders killed on public roads in 2017 were on rural roads. Of those, 90 percent were on minor roads.
ATV rider deaths by road type and land use, 2017
Road typeUrban Rural Total*
Number%Number%Number%
Interstates and freeways 1 0 1 0 2 1
Non-interstate major roads 8 3 22 7 30 10
Minor roads 42 14 214 71 256 85
Total* 51 17 237 79 300100

In 2017, 40 percent of fatally injured ATV drivers on public roads had BACs at or above 0.08 percent. Impairment was highest at 67 percent among fatally injured ATV drivers ages 30-39.

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured ATV drivers with high BACs on public roads by age, 2017
AgeDeathsEstimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.08Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.15
NumberNumber%Number%
<20 48 2 5 2 4
20-29 56 19 34 14 24
30-39 41 28 67 19 47
40-49 35 20 57 14 39
50+ 82 36 45 25 30
Total 262 106 40 73 28

References