State by state | 2010

The number and types of motor vehicle crash deaths differ widely among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. A state's population has an obvious effect on the number of motor vehicle deaths. Fatality rates per capita provide a way of examining motor vehicle deaths relative to a state's population. However, many factors can affect these rates, including amounts and types of travel, types of vehicles driven, travel speeds, rates of licensure, state traffic laws, emergency care capabilities, weather, and topography.

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).

Fatal crash totals

There were 30,196 fatal motor vehicle crashes in the United States in 2010 in which 32,885 deaths occurred. This resulted in a national motor vehicle death rate of 10.7 deaths per 100,000 people. Motor vehicle death rates varied among states from a low of 4.0 deaths per 100,000 people in the District of Columbia, to a high of 27.5 deaths per 100,000 people in Wyoming.

States with lowest and highest rates of motor vehicle crash deaths per 100,000 people, 2010

Population, fatal motor vehicle crashes, motor vehicle crash deaths, and motor vehicle crash deaths per 100,000 people by state, 2010
StatePopulationFatal crashesDeaths
NumberNumberDeath rate
Alabama 4,779,736 792 862 18.0
Alaska 710,231 52 56 7.9
Arizona 6,392,017 698 762 11.9
Arkansas 2,915,918 509 563 19.3
California 37,253,956 2,500 2,715 7.3
Colorado 5,029,196 409 448 8.9
Connecticut 3,574,097 298 319 8.9
Delaware 897,934 92 101 11.2
District of Columbia 601,723 24 24 4.0
Florida 18,801,310 2,262 2,445 13.0
Georgia 9,687,653 1,148 1,244 12.8
Hawaii 1,360,301 109 113 8.3
Idaho 1,567,582 185 209 13.3
Illinois 12,830,632 858 927 7.2
Indiana 6,483,802 701 754 11.6
Iowa 3,046,355 348 390 12.8
Kansas 2,853,118 376 431 15.1
Kentucky 4,339,367 694 760 17.5
Louisiana 4,533,372 633 710 15.7
Maine 1,328,361 144 161 12.1
Maryland 5,773,552 461 493 8.5
Massachusetts 6,547,629 299 314 4.8
Michigan 9,883,640 873 942 9.5
Minnesota 5,303,925 364 411 7.7
Mississippi 2,967,297 581 641 21.6
Missouri 5,988,927 776 819 13.7
Montana 989,415 161 189 19.1
Nebraska 1,826,341 166 190 10.4
Nevada 2,700,551 235 257 9.5
New Hampshire 1,316,470 120 128 9.7
New Jersey 8,791,894 530 556 6.3
New Mexico 2,059,179 314 346 16.8
New York 19,378,102 1,127 1,200 6.2
North Carolina 9,535,483 1,217 1,319 13.8
North Dakota 672,591 92 105 15.6
Ohio 11,536,504 984 1,080 9.4
Oklahoma 3,751,351 616 668 17.8
Oregon 3,831,074 292 317 8.3
Pennsylvania 12,702,379 1,208 1,324 10.4
Rhode Island 1,052,567 64 66 6.3
South Carolina 4,625,364 752 810 17.5
South Dakota 814,180 124 140 17.2
Tennessee 6,346,105 957 1,031 16.2
Texas 25,145,561 2,728 2,998 11.9
Utah 2,763,885 202 236 8.5
Vermont 625,741 63 71 11.3
Virginia 8,001,024 689 740 9.2
Washington 6,724,540 420 458 6.8
West Virginia 1,852,994 282 315 17.0
Wisconsin 5,686,986 528 572 10.1
Wyoming 563,626 139 155 27.5
U.S. total 308,745,538 30,196 32,885 10.7

Deaths by road user

In 2010, the types of motor vehicle crash deaths varied across states. For example, Wyoming had the lowest percentage of deaths involving car occupants (25 percent) and the highest percentage of deaths involving occupants of SUVs and pickups (44 percent). In contrast, New Jersey had relatively high proportions of car occupant deaths (42 percent) and pedestrian deaths (25 percent), and a relatively low percentage of deaths involving SUV or pickup occupants (15 percent).  The highest percentage of motorcyclist deaths occurred in Rhode Island (23 percent), and the percentage of pedestrian deaths was highest in the District of Columbia (54 percent).

Motor vehicle crash deaths by road user type and state, 2010
StatePassenger car occupants Pickup and SUV occupantsLarge truck occupants Motorcyclists Pedestrians Bicyclists Total*
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
Alabama 393 46 281 33 9 1 86 10 61 7 6 1 862 100
Alaska 19 34 18 3200 9 16 6 1100 56 100
Arizona 200 26 210 28 3 0 85 11 146 19 19 2 762 100
Arkansas 221 39 183 33 20 4 83 15 37 7 1 0 563 100
California 994 37 579 21 16 1 346 13 599 22 99 4 2,715 100
Colorado 162 36 141 31 10 2 81 18 36 8 8 2 448 100
Connecticut 155 49 46 14 3 1 51 16 46 14 7 2 319 100
Delaware 44 44 23 2300 8 8 22 22 2 2 101 100
District of Columbia 8 330000 1 4 13 54 2 8 24 100
Florida 890 36 500 20 25 1 375 15 487 20 83 3 2,445 100
Georgia 495 40 379 30 13 1 116 9 168 14 18 1 1,244 100
Hawaii 33 29 22 1900 20 18 26 23 3 3 113 100
Idaho 84 40 69 33 4 2 28 13 10 5 4 2 209 100
Illinois 419 45 196 21 16 2 130 14 115 12 24 3 927 100
Indiana 361 48 173 23 8 1 101 13 62 8 13 2 754 100
Iowa 185 47 92 24 10 3 59 15 18 5 8 2 390 100
Kansas 190 44 158 37 11 3 36 8 15 3 1 0 431 100
Kentucky 325 43 219 29 8 1 93 12 61 8 7 1 760 100
Louisiana 243 34 273 38 20 3 70 10 74 10 10 1 710 100
Maine 82 51 40 25 3 2 18 11 12 7 1 1 161 100
Maryland 218 44 74 15 3 1 76 15 101 20 8 2 493 100
Massachusetts 125 40 58 18 1 0 51 16 58 18 6 2 314 100
Michigan 405 43 185 20 8 1 128 14 128 14 29 3 942 100
Minnesota 217 53 73 18 7 2 44 11 35 9 9 2 411 100
Mississippi 275 43 242 38 5 1 42 7 50 8 4 1 641 100
Missouri 355 43 253 31 11 1 92 11 55 7 7 1 819 100
Montana 67 35 78 41 2 1 25 13 8 400 189 100
Nebraska 83 44 62 33 11 6 14 7 8 4 2 1 190 100
Nevada 95 37 64 25 2 1 42 16 36 14 6 2 257 100
New Hampshire 56 44 35 2700 28 22 9 700 128 100
New Jersey 235 42 81 15 8 1 69 12 139 25 12 2 556 100
New Mexico 114 33 139 40 7 2 39 11 33 10 8 2 346 100
New York 457 38 158 13 14 1 182 15 303 25 36 3 1,200 100
North Carolina 571 43 331 25 12 1 163 12 169 13 23 2 1,319 100
North Dakota 31 30 40 38 6 6 14 13 7 7 1 1 105 100
Ohio 526 49 223 21 8 1 167 15 93 9 11 1 1,080 100
Oklahoma 228 34 256 38 15 2 75 11 62 9 9 1 668 100
Oregon 111 35 81 26 9 3 38 12 56 18 7 2 317 100
Pennsylvania 593 45 275 21 24 2 220 17 145 11 21 2 1,324 100
Rhode Island 28 42 10 1500 15 23 8 12 2 3 66 100
South Carolina 335 41 243 30 7 1 81 10 90 11 14 2 810 100
South Dakota 49 35 46 33 5 4 27 19 9 6 2 1 140 100
Tennessee 431 42 321 31 21 2 135 13 87 8 4 0 1,031 100
Texas 1,101 37 975 33 63 2 412 14 345 12 42 1 2,998 100
Utah 104 44 61 26 2 1 18 8 26 11 7 3 236 100
Vermont 38 54 18 25 1 1 6 8 4 6 1 1 71 100
Virginia 343 46 185 25 23 3 77 10 73 10 12 2 740 100
Washington 211 46 96 21 2 0 68 15 61 13 6 1 458 100
West Virginia 136 43 100 32 10 3 33 10 13 4 2 1 315 100
Wisconsin 269 47 107 19 2 0 100 17 52 9 9 2 572 100
Wyoming 39 25 68 44 6 4 32 21 3 200 155 100
U.S. total 13,349 41 8,540 26 474 1 4,309 13 4,280 13 616 2 32,885 100

Crash types

Nationwide, 52 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2010 occurred in single-vehicle crashes. The highest proportions of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle crashes occurred in the District of Columbia (75 percent) and New Hampshire (69 percent).

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by crash type and state, 2010
StateSingle-vehicle Multiple-vehicle All crashes*
Number%Number%Number%
Alabama 387 56 302 44 689 100
Alaska 15 39 23 61 38 100
Arizona 222 53 200 47 422 100
Arkansas 241 59 167 41 408 100
California 782 49 815 51 1,597 100
Colorado 172 56 134 44 306 100
Connecticut 128 63 75 37 203 100
Delaware 27 40 40 60 67 100
District of Columbia 6 75 2 25 8 100
Florida 647 46 765 54 1,412 100
Georgia 468 53 422 47 890 100
Hawaii 29 53 26 47 55 100
Idaho 97 62 59 38 156 100
Illinois 294 47 333 53 627 100
Indiana 246 45 304 55 550 100
Iowa 123 43 161 57 284 100
Kansas 166 47 187 53 353 100
Kentucky 282 50 277 50 559 100
Louisiana 292 56 228 44 520 100
Maine 77 63 45 37 122 100
Maryland 146 49 150 51 296 100
Massachusetts 113 61 73 39 186 100
Michigan 271 45 329 55 600 100
Minnesota 105 35 193 65 298 100
Mississippi 336 63 194 37 530 100
Missouri 362 58 258 42 620 100
Montana 92 62 56 38 148 100
Nebraska 65 44 83 56 148 100
Nevada 87 54 73 46 160 100
New Hampshire 63 69 28 31 91 100
New Jersey 168 52 155 48 323 100
New Mexico 135 53 118 47 253 100
New York 346 55 287 45 633 100
North Carolina 490 54 420 46 910 100
North Dakota 41 56 32 44 73 100
Ohio 355 46 419 54 774 100
Oklahoma 258 53 230 47 488 100
Oregon 100 51 98 49 198 100
Pennsylvania 470 54 408 46 878 100
Rhode Island 25 66 13 34 38 100
South Carolina 345 58 246 42 591 100
South Dakota 50 53 45 47 95 100
Tennessee 443 58 324 42 767 100
Texas 1,019 49 1,075 51 2,094 100
Utah 82 48 90 52 172 100
Vermont 35 61 22 39 57 100
Virginia 323 60 213 40 536 100
Washington 166 53 145 47 311 100
West Virginia 129 54 108 46 237 100
Wisconsin 183 48 201 52 384 100
Wyoming 72 67 36 33 108 100
U.S. total 11,576 52 10,687 48 22,263 100

Alcohol involvement

Some states report blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for only a small percentage of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers. If BAC is missing for a driver, it is imputed by the US Department of Transportation's multiple imputation model. Subramanian, R. 2002. Transitioning to multiple imputation — a new method to impute missing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) values in FARS. Report no. DOT HS-809-403. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. However, BAC information is most precise in states that report a high percentage of BACs. In the following table, estimated percentages of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BACs at or above 0.08 percent are shown only for states in which BAC reporting was 70 percent or higher. Estimated percentages are based on known BAC when available and imputed BAC for the remaining drivers.

For the nation in 2010, BAC was reported for 70 percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers. Maine reported BACs for 93 percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers, while Alabama reported BACs for 16 percent. Among the 37 states with reporting rates of at least 70 percent, Rhode Island had the highest estimated percentage of fatally injured drivers with BACs of 0.08 percent or higher (51 percent), and Alaska had the lowest (20 percent).

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BAC ≥ 0.08 percent by state, 2010
StateDrivers killed with known BAC resultsTotal drivers killedEstimated drivers killed with BACs ≥ 0.08
Number%NumberNumber%
Alabama 85 16 522
Alaska 19 83 23 5 20
Arizona 189 70 270
Arkansas 242 78 312 105 34
California 877 81 1,088 363 33
Colorado 137 66 208
Connecticut 108 72 151 59 39
Delaware 22 42 53
District of Columbia 4 57 7
Florida 552 56 994
Georgia 389 59 656
Hawaii 32 80 40 16 41
Idaho 88 77 115 37 33
Illinois 411 89 461 148 32
Indiana 315 77 408 103 25
Iowa 42 21 200
Kansas 127 50 253
Kentucky 320 79 406 89 22
Louisiana 238 67 356
Maine 82 93 88 24 27
Maryland 181 87 209 74 35
Massachusetts 105 72 146 53 36
Michigan 307 72 428 103 24
Minnesota 181 88 206 57 28
Mississippi 158 39 408
Missouri 384 81 475 162 34
Montana 80 88 91 40 44
Nebraska 92 85 108 29 27
Nevada 97 88 110 34 31
New Hampshire 63 90 70 23 33
New Jersey 193 85 227 64 28
New Mexico 147 89 165 60 36
New York 351 77 453 140 31
North Carolina 565 87 648 188 29
North Dakota 46 90 51 25 49
Ohio 517 90 575 181 31
Oklahoma 320 90 354 126 36
Oregon 112 88 128 33 25
Pennsylvania 477 73 652 232 36
Rhode Island 24 89 27 14 51
South Carolina 345 77 448 201 45
South Dakota 42 74 57 20 34
Tennessee 318 54 584
Texas 852 59 1,454
Utah 48 44 108
Vermont 38 88 43 11 26
Virginia 261 65 404
Washington 194 91 214 81 38
West Virginia 157 90 174 50 29
Wisconsin 248 89 279 99 35
Wyoming 55 73 75 27 36
U.S. total 11,237 70 15,982 5,206 33

Restraint use

Based on daytime observational surveys conducted by the states, the rate of seatbelt use among front seat passenger vehicle occupants in 2010 ranged from 72 percent in New Hampshire to 98 percent in Washington and Hawaii. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2011. Seat belt use in 2010 — use rates in the states and territories. Report no. DOT HS-811-493. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation.   When examining restraint use among fatally injured motor vehicle occupants, it is important to note that percentages will be lower than observed restraint use because unrestrained occupants are more likely than restrained occupants to be fatally injured in a crash.  Restrained fatally injured occupants include occupants in child safety seats and occupants restrained by safety belts.  Eleven states had at least 50 percent restraint use among fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants (Alaska, California, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, New Mexico,  New York, Oregon, Texas and Washington). All of these states had at least 82 percent restraint use in the general population of front seat occupants.

States' rates of observed daytime front seatbelt use and number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants by restraint use and state, 2010
Restraint use of fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants
Restrained UnrestrainedUnknown Total
Number%Number%Number%Number
StatePercent of observed seatbelt use
Alabama 91 270 39 394 57 25 4 689
Alaska 87 23 61 12 32 3 8 38
Arizona 82 152 36 225 53 45 11 422
Arkansas 78 133 33 242 59 33 8 408
California 96 982 61 487 30 128 8 1,597
Colorado 83 134 44 161 53 11 4 306
Connecticut 88 78 38 86 42 39 19 203
Delaware 91 46 69 21 3100 67
District of Columbia92 2 25 5 62 1 12 8
Florida 87 660 47 715 51 37 3 1,412
Georgia 90 383 43 428 48 79 9 890
Hawaii 98 20 36 25 45 10 18 55
Idaho 78 77 49 72 46 7 4 156
Illinois 93 285 45 263 42 79 13 627
Indiana 92 262 48 210 38 78 14 550
Iowa 93 127 45 121 43 36 13 284
Kansas 82 117 33 207 59 29 8 353
Kentucky 80 247 44 311 56 1 <1 559
Louisiana 76 190 37 284 55 46 9 520
Maine 82 69 57 40 33 13 11 122
Maryland 95 158 53 125 42 13 4 296
Massachusetts 74 54 29 92 49 40 22 186
Michigan 95 318 53 208 35 74 12 600
Minnesota 92 146 49 113 38 39 13 298
Mississippi 81 190 36 339 64 1 <1 530
Missouri 76 193 31 385 62 42 7 620
Montana 79 50 34 92 62 6 4 148
Nebraska 84 46 31 79 53 23 16 148
Nevada 93 78 49 77 48 5 3 160
New Hampshire 72 28 31 62 68 1 1 91
New Jersey 94 154 48 159 49 10 3 323
New Mexico 90 147 58 106 4200 253
New York 90 347 55 193 30 93 15 633
North Carolina 90 440 48 416 46 54 6 910
North Dakota 75 20 27 46 63 7 10 73
Ohio 84 303 39 407 53 64 8 774
Oklahoma 86 183 38 276 57 29 6 488
Oregon 97 128 65 51 26 19 10 198
Pennsylvania 86 279 32 509 58 90 10 878
Rhode Island 78 12 32 26 6800 38
South Carolina 85 234 40 313 53 44 7 591
South Dakota 75 28 29 61 64 6 6 95
Tennessee 87 303 40 417 54 47 6 767
Texas 94 1,060 51 835 40 199 10 2,094
Utah 89 83 48 79 46 10 6 172
Vermont 85 23 40 32 56 2 4 57
Virginia 81 225 42 302 56 9 2 536
Washington 98 185 59 100 32 26 8 311
West Virginia 82 70 30 132 56 35 15 237
Wisconsin 79 169 44 178 46 37 10 384
Wyoming 79 35 32 70 65 3 3 108
U.S. total 85 9,946 45 10,589 48 1,728 8 22,263

Rural versus urban

Nationwide, sixty-one percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2010 occurred in rural areas. Ninety-eight percent of the passenger occupant deaths in Maine and 97 percent in Montana occurred on rural roads compared with 8 percent in Massachusetts and zero deaths in the District of Columbia.

Number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants by land use and state, 2010
StateUrban Rural UnknownTotal
Number%Number%Number%Number
Alabama 244 35 440 64 5 1 689
Alaska 16 42 22 5800 38
Arizona 191 45 231 5500 422
Arkansas 76 19 332 8100 408
California 751 47 846 5300 1,597
Colorado 114 37 192 6300 306
Connecticut 159 78 44 2200 203
Delaware 15 22 46 69 6 9 67
District of Columbia 8 1000000 8
Florida 754 53 652 46 6 <1 1,412
Georgia 372 42 518 5800 890
Hawaii 27 49 28 5100 55
Idaho 28 18 128 8200 156
Illinois 339 54 288 4600 627
Indiana 203 37 347 6300 550
Iowa 55 19 229 8100 284
Kansas 57 16 296 8400 353
Kentucky 136 24 422 75 1 <1 559
Louisiana 206 40 314 6000 520
Maine 1 1 119 98 2 2 122
Maryland 172 58 123 42 1 <1 296
Massachusetts 162 87 15 8 9 5 186
Michigan 307 51 293 4900 600
Minnesota 78 26 220 7400 298
Mississippi 97 18 433 8200 530
Missouri 233 38 387 6200 620
Montana 5 3 143 9700 148
Nebraska 22 15 126 8500 148
Nevada 79 49 81 5100 160
New Hampshire 33 36 58 6400 91
New Jersey 268 83 54 17 1 <1 323
New Mexico 40 16 213 8400 253
New York 267 42 366 5800 633
North Carolina 210 23 700 7700 910
North Dakota 7 10 66 9000 73
Ohio 240 31 533 69 1 <1 774
Oklahoma 125 26 363 7400 488
Oregon 44 22 154 7800 198
Pennsylvania 373 42 505 5800 878
Rhode Island 29 76 9 2400 38
South Carolina 117 20 474 8000 591
South Dakota 7 7 88 9300 95
Tennessee 300 39 467 6100 767
Texas 922 44 1,162 55 10 <1 2,094
Utah 74 43 98 5700 172
Vermont 13 23 44 7700 57
Virginia 136 25 228 43 172 32 536
Washington 113 36 190 61 8 3 311
West Virginia 60 25 177 7500 237
Wisconsin 121 32 263 6800 384
Wyoming 12 11 96 8900 108
U.S. total 8,418 38 13,623 61 222 1 22,263

References