State by state | 2013

The number and types of motor vehicle crash deaths differ widely among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. A state's population has an obvious effect on the number of motor vehicle deaths. Fatality rates per capita and per vehicle miles traveled provide a way of examining motor vehicle deaths relative to the population and amount of driving. However, many factors can affect these rates, including types of vehicles driven, travel speeds, rates of licensure, state traffic laws, emergency care capabilities, weather and topography.

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).

Fatal crash totals

There were 30,057 fatal motor vehicle crashes in the United States in 2013 in which 32,719 deaths occurred. This resulted in national motor vehicle crash death rates of 10.3 deaths per 100,000 people and 1.11 deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled. The fatality rate per 100,000 people ranged from a low of 3.1 in the District of Columbia to a high of 22.6 in Montana. The death rates per 100 million vehicle miles traveled ranged from 0.56 in the District of Columbia to 1.96 in Montana.

Population, vehicle miles traveled, fatal motor vehicle crashes, motor vehicle crash deaths and motor vehicle crash death rates per state, 2013
StatePopulationVehicle miles traveled (millions)Fatal crashesDeathsDeaths per 100,000 populationDeaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled
Alabama 4,833,722 64,914 766 852 17.6 1.31
Alaska 735,132 4,593 49 51 6.9 1.11
Arizona 6,626,624 59,574 782 849 12.8 1.43
Arkansas 2,959,373 32,953 446 483 16.3 1.47
California 38,332,521 320,784 2,772 3,000 7.8 0.94
Colorado 5,268,367 46,606 431 481 9.1 1.03
Connecticut 3,596,080 31,197 255 276 7.7 0.88
Delaware 925,749 9,028 94 99 10.7 1.10
District of Columbia 646,449 3,568 20 20 3.1 0.56
Florida 19,552,860 191,855 2,228 2,407 12.3 1.25
Georgia 9,992,167 108,454 1,085 1,179 11.8 1.09
Hawaii 1,404,054 10,066 93 102 7.3 1.01
Idaho 1,612,136 15,937 200 214 13.3 1.34
Illinois 12,882,135 103,234 895 991 7.7 0.96
Indiana 6,570,902 76,485 709 783 11.9 1.02
Iowa 3,090,416 31,274 290 317 10.3 1.01
Kansas 2,893,957 30,021 327 350 12.1 1.17
Kentucky 4,395,295 48,061 590 638 14.5 1.33
Louisiana 4,625,470 46,513 651 703 15.2 1.51
Maine 1,328,302 14,248 137 145 10.9 1.02
Maryland 5,928,814 56,221 431 465 7.8 0.83
Massachusetts 6,692,824 54,792 309 326 4.9 0.59
Michigan 9,895,622 94,754 876 947 9.6 1.00
Minnesota 5,420,380 56,685 357 387 7.1 0.68
Mississippi 2,991,207 38,851 558 613 20.5 1.58
Missouri 6,044,171 68,789 683 757 12.5 1.10
Montana 1,015,165 11,660 203 229 22.6 1.96
Nebraska 1,868,516 19,093 190 211 11.3 1.11
Nevada 2,790,136 24,189 242 262 9.4 1.08
New Hampshire 1,323,459 12,720 124 135 10.2 1.06
New Jersey 8,899,339 73,094 508 542 6.1 0.74
New Mexico 2,085,287 25,533 274 310 14.9 1.21
New York 19,651,127 127,726 1,121 1,199 6.1 0.94
North Carolina 9,848,060 103,772 1,188 1,289 13.1 1.24
North Dakota 723,393 9,131 133 148 20.5 1.62
Ohio 11,570,808 111,990 917 989 8.5 0.88
Oklahoma 3,850,568 47,464 621 678 17.6 1.43
Oregon 3,930,065 33,373 292 313 8.0 0.94
Pennsylvania 12,773,801 99,204 1,117 1,208 9.5 1.22
Rhode Island 1,051,511 7,901 62 65 6.2 0.82
South Carolina 4,774,839 48,730 719 767 16.1 1.57
South Dakota 844,877 9,002 121 135 16.0 1.50
Tennessee 6,495,978 70,751 911 995 15.3 1.41
Texas 26,448,193 237,440 3,044 3,382 12.8 1.42
Utah 2,900,872 26,222 202 220 7.6 0.84
Vermont 626,630 7,141 63 69 11.0 0.97
Virginia 8,260,405 80,974 682 740 9.0 0.91
Washington 6,971,406 56,955 402 436 6.3 0.77
West Virginia 1,854,304 18,963 305 332 17.9 1.75
Wisconsin 5,742,713 54,402 507 543 9.5 1.00
Wyoming 582,658 9,245 75 87 14.9 0.94
U.S. total 316,128,839 2,946,132 30,057 32,719 10.3 1.11

Deaths by road user

In 2013, the types of motor vehicle crash deaths varied across states. For example, North Dakota had one of the lowest percentages of deaths involving car occupants (28 percent) and the highest percentage of deaths involving occupants of SUVs and pickups (52 percent). In contrast, New Jersey had relatively high proportions of car occupant deaths (44 percent) and pedestrian deaths (24 percent), and a relatively low percentage of deaths involving SUV or pickup occupants (15 percent).  The highest percentage of motorcyclist deaths occurred in Delaware (20 percent) and the percentage of pedestrian deaths was highest in the District of Columbia (45 percent).

Motor vehicle crash deaths by road user type and state, 2013
StateCar occupants Pickup and SUV occupantsLarge truck occupants Motorcyclists Pedestrians Bicyclists Total*
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
Alabama 370 43 296 35 20 2 80 9 59 7 6 1 852 100
Alaska 10 20 18 35 1 2 2 4 6 12 1 2 51 100
Arizona 224 26 221 26 8 1 146 17 151 18 29 3 849 100
Arkansas 166 34 173 36 14 3 56 12 45 9 4 1 483 100
California 1,112 37 485 16 30 1 447 15 701 23 141 5 3,000 100
Colorado 150 31 165 34 10 2 83 17 50 10 12 2 481 100
Connecticut 127 46 54 20 2 1 50 18 36 13 3 1 276 100
Delaware 34 34 16 16 2 2 20 20 25 25 1 1 99 100
District of Columbia 5 25 1 5 1 5 3 15 9 45 1 5 20 100
Florida 768 32 427 18 22 1 460 19 501 21 133 6 2,407 100
Georgia 476 40 327 28 18 2 100 8 176 15 28 2 1,179 100
Hawaii 21 21 21 21 3 3 17 17 23 23 2 2 102 100
Idaho 79 37 81 38 4 2 24 11 14 7 3 1 214 100
Illinois 426 43 214 22 15 2 148 15 125 13 30 3 991 100
Indiana 344 44 187 24 16 2 90 11 77 10 14 2 783 100
Iowa 156 49 81 26 9 3 41 13 20 6 3 1 317 100
Kansas 118 34 143 41 11 3 35 10 25 7 6 2 350 100
Kentucky 282 44 180 28 9 1 78 12 55 9 3 0 638 100
Louisiana 245 35 230 33 12 2 84 12 97 14 14 2 703 100
Maine 63 43 46 3200 11 8 11 8 4 3 145 100
Maryland 185 40 86 18 3 1 59 13 108 23 6 1 465 100
Massachusetts 151 46 54 17 4 1 39 12 68 21 6 2 326 100
Michigan 384 41 207 22 6 1 127 13 148 16 27 3 947 100
Minnesota 175 45 81 21 9 2 59 15 32 8 6 2 387 100
Mississippi 239 39 243 40 17 3 38 6 53 9 6 1 613 100
Missouri 351 46 202 27 19 3 71 9 73 10 4 1 757 100
Montana 71 31 89 39 2 1 32 14 24 10 1 0 229 100
Nebraska 86 41 80 38 5 2 14 7 12 600 211 100
Nevada 80 31 44 17 3 1 50 19 65 25 7 3 262 100
New Hampshire 58 43 32 24 1 1 24 18 12 9 4 3 135 100
New Jersey 238 44 82 15 7 1 55 10 129 24 14 3 542 100
New Mexico 82 26 102 33 16 5 40 13 49 16 4 1 310 100
New York 444 37 164 14 13 1 168 14 335 28 40 3 1,199 100
North Carolina 563 44 300 23 15 1 134 10 173 13 22 2 1,289 100
North Dakota 42 28 77 52 12 8 9 6 1 1 1 1 148 100
Ohio 460 47 229 23 26 3 130 13 85 9 19 2 989 100
Oklahoma 239 35 234 35 21 3 92 14 58 9 13 2 678 100
Oregon 141 45 71 23 5 2 31 10 48 15 3 1 313 100
Pennsylvania 541 45 250 21 26 2 178 15 147 12 11 1 1,208 100
Rhode Island 29 45 8 1200 11 17 14 22 3 5 65 100
South Carolina 275 36 210 27 7 1 120 16 100 13 15 2 767 100
South Dakota 50 37 47 35 2 1 22 16 9 700 135 100
Tennessee 448 45 269 27 16 2 131 13 80 8 8 1 995 100
Texas 1,096 32 1,095 32 87 3 487 14 480 14 48 1 3,382 100
Utah 73 33 66 30 5 2 30 14 28 13 6 3 220 100
Vermont 31 45 17 25 1 1 5 7 5 700 69 100
Virginia 354 48 188 25 24 3 63 9 75 10 8 1 740 100
Washington 187 43 97 22 5 1 73 17 49 11 11 3 436 100
West Virginia 132 40 113 34 9 3 24 7 28 800 332 100
Wisconsin 231 43 142 26 8 1 81 15 37 7 10 2 543 100
Wyoming 27 31 40 46 5 6 9 10 4 500 87 100
U.S. total 12,639 39 8,285 25 586 2 4,381 13 4,735 14 741 2 32,719 100

Crash types

Nationwide, 57 percent of motor vehicle deaths in 2013 occurred in single-vehicle crashes. The largest proportion of deaths in single-vehicle crashes occurred in Hawaii and Montana (69 percent), whereas the smallest proportion occurred in North Dakota (46 percent). 

Deaths by crash type and state, 2013
StateSingle-vehicle Multiple-vehicle All crashes
Number%Number%Number%
Alabama 501 59 351 41 852 100
Alaska 33 65 18 35 51 100
Arizona 499 59 350 41 849 100
Arkansas 291 60 192 40 483 100
California 1,807 60 1,193 40 3,000 100
Colorado 276 57 205 43 481 100
Connecticut 161 58 115 42 276 100
Delaware 48 48 51 52 99 100
District of Columbia 13 65 7 35 20 100
Florida 1,362 57 1,045 43 2,407 100
Georgia 698 59 481 41 1,179 100
Hawaii 70 69 32 31 102 100
Idaho 136 64 78 36 214 100
Illinois 550 55 441 45 991 100
Indiana 417 53 366 47 783 100
Iowa 160 50 157 50 317 100
Kansas 200 57 150 43 350 100
Kentucky 350 55 288 45 638 100
Louisiana 395 56 308 44 703 100
Maine 90 62 55 38 145 100
Maryland 266 57 199 43 465 100
Massachusetts 209 64 117 36 326 100
Michigan 510 54 437 46 947 100
Minnesota 185 48 202 52 387 100
Mississippi 393 64 220 36 613 100
Missouri 448 59 309 41 757 100
Montana 157 69 72 31 229 100
Nebraska 121 57 90 43 211 100
Nevada 142 54 120 46 262 100
New Hampshire 83 61 52 39 135 100
New Jersey 308 57 234 43 542 100
New Mexico 193 62 117 38 310 100
New York 761 63 438 37 1,199 100
North Carolina 731 57 558 43 1,289 100
North Dakota 68 46 80 54 148 100
Ohio 547 55 442 45 989 100
Oklahoma 345 51 333 49 678 100
Oregon 186 59 127 41 313 100
Pennsylvania 655 54 553 46 1,208 100
Rhode Island 42 65 23 35 65 100
South Carolina 469 61 298 39 767 100
South Dakota 73 54 62 46 135 100
Tennessee 551 55 444 45 995 100
Texas 1,774 52 1,608 48 3,382 100
Utah 135 61 85 39 220 100
Vermont 44 64 25 36 69 100
Virginia 454 61 286 39 740 100
Washington 255 58 181 42 436 100
West Virginia 206 62 126 38 332 100
Wisconsin 283 52 260 48 543 100
Wyoming 50 57 37 43 87 100
U.S. total 18,701 57 14,018 43 32,719 100

Alcohol involvement

Some states report blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for only a small percentage of passenger vehicle drivers. If BAC is missing for a driver, it is imputed by the U.S. Department of Transportation's multiple imputation model. Subramanian, R. 2002. Transitioning to multiple imputation — a new method to impute missing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) values in FARS. Report no. DOT HS-809-403. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. However, BAC information is most precise in states that report a high percentage of BACs. In the following table, estimated percentages of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BACs at or above 0.08 percent are shown only for states in which BAC reporting for fatally injured drivers was 70 percent or higher. Estimated percentages are based on known BAC when available and imputed BAC for the remaining drivers.

For the nation in 2013, BAC was reported for 72 percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers. West Virginia reported BACs for 95 percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers, while Mississippi reported BACs for 42 percent. Thirty-five states had BAC reporting rates of at least 70 percent.   South Carolina had the highest estimated percentage of fatally injured drivers with BACs of 0.08 percent or higher (47 percent), and both Minnesota and West Virginia had the lowest (24 percent).

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BAC ≥ 0.08 percent by state, 2013
StateDrivers killed with known BAC resultsTotal drivers killedEstimated drivers killed with BACs ≥ 0.08
Number%NumberNumber%
Alabama 281 55 507
Alaska 18 86 21 6 29
Arizona 249 84 297 94 32
Arkansas 185 74 249 73 29
California 854 78 1,093 385 35
Colorado 179 80 225 75 33
Connecticut 61 47 129
Delaware 27 73 37 16 43
District of Columbia 3 60 5
Florida 656 74 885 297 34
Georgia 345 60 579
Hawaii 24 92 26 11 42
Idaho 60 52 115
Illinois 414 88 471 158 34
Indiana 254 62 408
Iowa 97 52 187
Kansas 131 66 200
Kentucky 282 80 353 90 25
Louisiana 197 54 367
Maine 84 91 92 25 27
Maryland 178 85 209 77 37
Massachusetts 112 70 159 53 33
Michigan 276 61 451
Minnesota 163 90 182 44 24
Mississippi 160 42 379
Missouri 348 84 414 135 33
Montana 101 91 111 50 45
Nebraska 86 76 113 36 32
Nevada 78 94 83 25 30
New Hampshire 69 93 74 24 32
New Jersey 203 84 242 66 27
New Mexico 81 75 108 37 34
New York 371 82 450 149 33
North Carolina 555 82 676 194 29
North Dakota 81 87 93 42 45
Ohio 413 78 528 146 28
Oklahoma 311 91 341 85 25
Oregon 145 88 164 63 38
Pennsylvania 452 73 620 200 32
Rhode Island 26 87 30 11 37
South Carolina 316 82 387 181 47
South Dakota 67 87 77 22 29
Tennessee 303 55 551
Texas 875 55 1,580
Utah 62 65 96
Vermont 33 89 37 10 27
Virginia 210 51 413
Washington 171 90 190 68 36
West Virginia 180 95 189 46 24
Wisconsin 269 92 292 101 35
Wyoming 30 67 45
U.S. total 11,126 72 15,530 5,096 33

Restraint use

Based on daytime observational surveys conducted by the states, the rate of safety belt use among front seat passenger vehicle occupants in 2013 ranged from 73 percent in New Hampshire to 98 percent in Oregon. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2014. Seat belt use in 2013 — use rates in the states and territories. Report no. DOT HS-812-030. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation. When examining restraint use among fatally injured motor vehicle occupants in all seating positions, it is important to note that percentages will be lower than observed restraint use because unrestrained occupants are more likely than restrained occupants to be fatally injured in a crash.  Restrained fatally injured occupants include occupants in child safety seats and occupants restrained by safety belts. Fifteen states and the District of Columbia had at least 50 percent restraint use among fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants (Alaska, California, Delaware, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Vermont, and Washington). 

States' rates of observed daytime front seat safety belt use and number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants by restraint use and state, 2013
State and percent of observed safety belt use Unrestrained fatally injured occupants Restrained fatally injured occupants Unknown restraint status of fatally injured occupantsTotal fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants
Number%Number%Number%Number
Alabama 97 373 55 272 40 29 4 674
Alaska 86 12 43 14 50 2 7 28
Arizona 85 228 50 176 39 51 11 455
Arkansas 77 176 51 133 39 34 10 343
California 97 507 31 989 61 125 8 1,621
Colorado 82 178 56 124 39 16 5 318
Connecticut 87 75 41 80 44 27 15 182
Delaware 92 23 45 27 53 1 2 51
District of Columbia88 00 610000 6
Florida 87 558 46 599 49 66 5 1,223
Georgia 96 379 46 352 43 88 11 819
Hawaii 94 23 55 15 36 4 10 42
Idaho 62 99 61 54 34 8 5 161
Illinois 94 278 43 292 45 83 13 653
Indiana 92 201 37 279 51 65 12 545
Iowa 92 103 43 108 45 27 11 238
Kansas 81 147 55 104 39 16 6 267
Kentucky 85 245 53 220 47 1 <1 466
Louisiana 83 249 52 198 41 31 6 478
Maine 83 56 50 55 49 1 <1 112
Maryland 91 108 38 153 54 20 7 281
Massachusetts 75 96 47 59 29 51 25 206
Michigan 93 184 30 329 54 91 15 604
Minnesota 95 81 31 149 57 31 12 261
Mississippi 74 284 58 201 41 4 <1 489
Missouri 80 325 58 190 34 44 8 559
Montana 74 108 67 50 31 3 2 161
Nebraska 79 105 62 45 26 20 12 170
Nevada 95 58 46 57 46 10 8 125
New Hampshire 73 56 62 35 3800 91
New Jersey 91 144 43 174 52 14 4 332
New Mexico 92 96 51 68 36 24 13 188
New York 91 188 31 337 55 91 15 616
North Carolina 89 355 41 454 52 63 7 872
North Dakota 78 70 58 30 25 20 17 120
Ohio 85 353 50 288 41 59 8 700
Oklahoma 84 253 52 202 42 27 6 482
Oregon 98 54 25 137 63 25 12 216
Pennsylvania 84 422 52 284 35 103 13 809
Rhode Island 86 19 51 17 46 1 3 37
South Carolina 92 243 49 216 44 32 7 491
South Dakota 69 61 61 32 32 7 7 100
Tennessee 85 354 49 293 41 75 10 722
Texas 90 908 41 1,123 50 200 9 2,231
Utah 82 57 41 70 50 13 9 140
Vermont 85 21 41 28 55 2 4 51
Virginia 80 300 55 243 44 6 1 549
Washington 95 89 31 164 57 34 12 287
West Virginia 82 113 46 94 38 40 16 247
Wisconsin 82 188 49 161 42 32 8 381
Wyoming 82 42 62 21 31 5 7 68
U.S. total 87 9,645 45 9,801 46 1,822 9 21,268

Rural versus urban

Nationwide, 54 percent of motor vehicle deaths in 2013 occurred in rural areas. The percentage of motor vehicle deaths on rural roads was 98 percent in Montana,  97 percent in Maine, and 92 percent in North Dakota compared with 15 percent in Massachusetts and New Jersey, 8 percent in Rhode Island, and none in the District of Columbia.

Number and percent of motor vehicle crash deaths by land use and state, 2013
StateUrban Rural UnknownTotal
Number%Number%Number%Number
Alabama 284 33 562 66 6 1 852
Alaska 18 35 33 6500 51
Arizona 506 60 340 40 3 <1 849
Arkansas 125 26 358 7400 483
California 1,834 61 1,166 3900 3,000
Colorado 237 49 244 5100 481
Connecticut 142 51 132 48 2 1 276
Delaware 48 48 51 5200 99
District of Columbia 20 1000000 20
Florida 1,437 60 970 4000 2,407
Georgia 621 53 556 47 2 <1 1,179
Hawaii 62 61 40 3900 102
Idaho 39 18 175 8200 214
Illinois 580 59 411 4100 991
Indiana 248 32 535 6800 783
Iowa 61 19 256 8100 317
Kansas 79 23 271 7700 350
Kentucky 144 23 494 7700 638
Louisiana 361 51 342 4900 703
Maine 4 3 141 9700 145
Maryland 295 63 167 36 3 1 465
Massachusetts 278 85 48 1500 326
Michigan 516 54 429 45 2 <1 947
Minnesota 131 34 256 6600 387
Mississippi 94 15 519 8500 613
Missouri 298 39 459 6100 757
Montana 5 2 224 9800 229
Nebraska 41 19 170 8100 211
Nevada 180 69 82 3100 262
New Hampshire 48 36 87 6400 135
New Jersey 463 85 79 1500 542
New Mexico 95 31 215 6900 310
New York 569 47 630 5300 1,199
North Carolina 426 33 860 67 3 <1 1,289
North Dakota 12 8 136 9200 148
Ohio 471 48 513 52 5 1 989
Oklahoma 229 34 449 6600 678
Oregon 111 35 202 6500 313
Pennsylvania 579 48 629 5200 1,208
Rhode Island 60 92 5 800 65
South Carolina 153 20 614 8000 767
South Dakota 17 13 118 8700 135
Tennessee 465 47 530 5300 995
Texas 1,717 51 1,665 4900 3,382
Utah 113 51 107 4900 220
Vermont 11 16 58 8400 69
Virginia 260 35 473 64 7 1 740
Washington 213 49 223 5100 436
West Virginia 91 27 241 7300 332
Wisconsin 181 33 359 66 3 1 543
Wyoming 15 17 72 8300 87
U.S. total 14,987 46 17,696 54 36 <1 32,719

References