State by state | 2014

The number and types of motor vehicle crash deaths differ widely among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. A state's population has an obvious effect on the number of motor vehicle deaths. Fatality rates per capita and per vehicle miles traveled provide a way of examining motor vehicle deaths relative to the population and amount of driving. However, many factors can affect these rates, including types of vehicles driven, travel speeds, rates of licensure, state traffic laws, emergency care capabilities, weather, and topography.

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).

Posted February 2016.

Fatal crash totals

There were 29,989 fatal motor vehicle crashes in the United States in 2014 in which 32,675 deaths occurred. This resulted in 10.2 deaths per 100,000 people and 1.08 deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled. The fatality rate per 100,000 people ranged from 3.5 in the District of Columbia to 25.7 in Wyoming. The death rate per 100 million vehicle miles traveled ranged from 0.57 in Massachusetts to 1.65 in South Carolina. Federal Highway Administration. 2015. Highway statistics, 2014. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation.

Population, vehicle miles traveled, fatal motor vehicle crashes, motor vehicle crash deaths and motor vehicle crash death rates per state, 2014
StatePopulationVehicle miles traveled (millions)Fatal crashesDeathsDeaths per 100,000 populationDeaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled
Alabama 4,849,377 65,667 747 820 16.9 1.25
Alaska 736,732 4,857 68 73 9.9 1.50
Arizona 6,731,484 62,631 705 770 11.4 1.23
Arkansas 2,966,369 34,024 431 466 15.7 1.37
California 38,802,500 332,857 2,833 3,074 7.9 0.92
Colorado 5,355,866 48,985 451 488 9.1 1.00
Connecticut 3,596,677 31,190 234 248 6.9 0.80
Delaware 935,614 9,596 106 121 12.9 1.26
District of Columbia 658,893 3,528 21 23 3.5 0.65
Florida 19,893,297 201,040 2,336 2,494 12.5 1.24
Georgia 10,097,343 111,535 1,080 1,164 11.5 1.04
Hawaii 1,419,561 10,174 94 95 6.7 0.93
Idaho 1,634,464 16,154 175 186 11.4 1.15
Illinois 12,880,580 104,906 845 924 7.2 0.88
Indiana 6,596,855 79,204 705 746 11.3 0.94
Iowa 3,107,126 31,414 287 321 10.3 1.02
Kansas 2,904,021 30,710 341 385 13.3 1.25
Kentucky 4,413,457 47,941 612 672 15.2 1.40
Louisiana 4,649,676 48,252 662 737 15.9 1.53
Maine 1,330,089 14,301 115 131 9.8 0.92
Maryland 5,976,407 56,432 416 442 7.4 0.78
Massachusetts 6,745,408 57,552 310 328 4.9 0.57
Michigan 9,909,877 97,384 831 901 9.1 0.93
Minnesota 5,457,173 57,395 324 361 6.6 0.63
Mississippi 2,994,079 39,499 543 607 20.3 1.54
Missouri 6,063,589 70,909 696 766 12.6 1.08
Montana 1,023,579 12,157 176 192 18.8 1.58
Nebraska 1,881,503 19,613 203 225 12.0 1.15
Nevada 2,839,099 25,302 267 290 10.2 1.15
New Hampshire 1,326,813 12,970 89 95 7.2 0.73
New Jersey 8,938,175 74,856 523 556 6.2 0.74
New Mexico 2,085,572 25,347 337 383 18.4 1.51
New York 19,746,227 129,263 978 1,039 5.3 0.80
North Carolina 9,943,964 108,012 1,188 1,284 12.9 1.19
North Dakota 739,482 10,511 121 135 18.3 1.28
Ohio 11,594,163 112,766 917 1,006 8.7 0.89
Oklahoma 3,878,051 47,699 589 669 17.3 1.40
Oregon 3,970,239 34,610 322 357 9.0 1.03
Pennsylvania 12,787,209 99,882 1,107 1,195 9.3 1.20
Rhode Island 1,055,173 7,677 52 52 4.9 0.68
South Carolina 4,832,482 49,931 757 824 17.1 1.65
South Dakota 853,175 9,225 125 136 15.9 1.47
Tennessee 6,549,352 72,336 892 962 14.7 1.33
Texas 26,956,958 243,076 3,193 3,538 13.1 1.46
Utah 2,942,902 27,554 222 256 8.7 0.93
Vermont 626,562 7,059 42 44 7.0 0.62
Virginia 8,326,289 80,985 659 703 8.4 0.87
Washington 7,061,530 58,060 429 462 6.5 0.80
West Virginia 1,850,326 19,117 242 272 14.7 1.42
Wisconsin 5,757,564 60,053 460 507 8.8 0.84
Wyoming 584,153 9,457 131 150 25.7 1.59
U.S. total 318,857,056 3,025,655 29,989 32,675 10.2 1.08

Deaths by road user

In 2014, the types of motor vehicle crash deaths varied across states. For example, Wyoming had the highest percentage of deaths involving occupants of SUVs and pickups (49 percent) and one of the lowest proportions of deaths including car occupants (29 percent).  In contrast, Massachusetts had one of the highest proportions of car occupant deaths (48 percent), a relatively high proportion of pedestrian deaths (21 percent), and a relatively low percentage of deaths involving SUV or pickup occupants (12 percent).  The highest percentage of motorcyclist deaths occurred in Colorado, Connecticut, Nevada and Rhode Island (19 percent each).  The percentage of pedestrian deaths was highest in the District of Columbia (39 percent).

Motor vehicle crash deaths by road user type and state, 2014
StateCar occupants Pickup and SUV occupantsLarge truck occupants Motorcyclists Pedestrians Bicyclists Total*
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
Alabama 345 42 270 33 14 2 63 8 96 12 9 1 820 100
Alaska 20 27 21 29 1 1 8 11 14 19 3 4 73 100
Arizona 231 30 160 21 7 1 120 16 141 18 26 3 770 100
Arkansas 167 36 175 38 9 2 58 12 36 8 7 2 466 100
California 1,118 36 486 16 29 1 513 17 697 23 128 4 3,074 100
Colorado 175 36 132 27 10 2 93 19 63 13 10 2 488 100
Connecticut 109 44 27 11 4 2 48 19 47 19 3 1 248 100
Delaware 46 38 24 20 4 3 14 12 25 21 3 2 121 100
District of Columbia 6 26 4 1700 2 9 9 39 1 4 23 100
Florida 791 32 399 16 22 1 445 18 588 24 138 6 2,494 100
Georgia 458 39 325 28 27 2 115 10 163 14 19 2 1,164 100
Hawaii 16 17 22 2300 17 18 24 25 4 4 95 100
Idaho 61 33 69 37 7 4 25 13 13 7 2 1 186 100
Illinois 386 42 225 24 18 2 110 12 123 13 27 3 924 100
Indiana 291 39 198 27 14 2 101 14 78 10 12 2 746 100
Iowa 134 42 86 27 8 2 51 16 19 6 4 1 321 100
Kansas 147 38 145 38 4 1 47 12 23 6 7 2 385 100
Kentucky 286 43 205 31 9 1 74 11 57 8 4 1 672 100
Louisiana 253 34 246 33 19 3 80 11 105 14 12 2 737 100
Maine 58 44 46 3500 11 8 9 7 2 2 131 100
Maryland 177 40 77 17 5 1 66 15 101 23 5 1 442 100
Massachusetts 158 48 40 12 3 1 41 12 70 21 8 2 328 100
Michigan 363 40 216 24 9 1 107 12 148 16 22 2 901 100
Minnesota 177 49 95 26 6 2 45 12 15 4 5 1 361 100
Mississippi 264 43 202 33 13 2 41 7 53 9 6 1 607 100
Missouri 319 42 234 31 16 2 86 11 65 8 5 1 766 100
Montana 57 30 86 45 1 1 22 11 10 5 2 1 192 100
Nebraska 84 37 97 43 6 3 20 9 9 4 2 1 225 100
Nevada 90 31 56 19 1 0 55 19 70 24 8 3 290 100
New Hampshire 44 46 14 15 2 2 17 18 12 13 3 3 95 100
New Jersey 211 38 75 13 12 2 61 11 168 30 11 2 556 100
New Mexico 119 31 105 27 15 4 42 11 74 19 5 1 383 100
New York 386 37 146 14 11 1 147 14 263 25 46 4 1,039 100
North Carolina 553 43 307 24 19 1 141 11 172 13 19 1 1,284 100
North Dakota 42 31 62 46 4 3 10 7 9 7 3 2 135 100
Ohio 491 49 233 23 13 1 136 14 86 9 11 1 1,006 100
Oklahoma 239 36 267 40 32 5 55 8 50 7 4 1 669 100
Oregon 131 37 100 28 7 2 44 12 57 16 7 2 357 100
Pennsylvania 531 44 227 19 26 2 180 15 161 13 19 2 1,195 100
Rhode Island 18 35 6 12 1 2 10 19 14 2700 52 100
South Carolina 330 40 234 28 10 1 89 11 107 13 14 2 824 100
South Dakota 46 34 54 40 4 3 17 12 9 7 2 1 136 100
Tennessee 410 43 282 29 23 2 119 12 86 9 5 1 962 100
Texas 1,175 33 1,211 34 93 3 448 13 476 13 50 1 3,538 100
Utah 97 38 58 23 4 2 43 17 32 12 7 3 256 100
Vermont 19 43 7 16 1 2 7 16 5 1100 44 100
Virginia 313 45 160 23 19 3 78 11 88 13 12 2 703 100
Washington 189 41 103 22 5 1 68 15 75 16 7 2 462 100
West Virginia 100 37 101 37 6 2 25 9 19 7 2 1 272 100
Wisconsin 233 46 127 25 11 2 66 13 45 9 4 1 507 100
Wyoming 43 29 73 49 3 2 14 9 5 3 5 3 150 100
U.S. total 12,507 38 8,320 25 587 2 4,295 13 4,884 15 720 2 32,675 100

Crash types

Nationwide, 56 percent of motor vehicle crash deaths in 2014 occurred in single-vehicle crashes. The largest proportion of deaths in single-vehicle crashes occurred in Rhode Island (77 percent), Hawaii (71 percent), and the District of Columbia and Montana (70 percent), whereas the smallest proportion occurred in Minnesota (43 percent). 

Deaths by crash type and state, 2014
StateSingle-vehicle Multiple-vehicle All crashes
Number%Number%Number%
Alabama 504 61 316 39 820 100
Alaska 41 56 32 44 73 100
Arizona 455 59 315 41 770 100
Arkansas 250 54 216 46 466 100
California 1,787 58 1,287 42 3,074 100
Colorado 268 55 220 45 488 100
Connecticut 151 61 97 39 248 100
Delaware 65 54 56 46 121 100
District of Columbia 16 70 7 30 23 100
Florida 1,378 55 1,116 45 2,494 100
Georgia 658 57 506 43 1,164 100
Hawaii 67 71 28 29 95 100
Idaho 126 68 60 32 186 100
Illinois 515 56 409 44 924 100
Indiana 381 51 365 49 746 100
Iowa 166 52 155 48 321 100
Kansas 195 51 190 49 385 100
Kentucky 386 57 286 43 672 100
Louisiana 461 63 276 37 737 100
Maine 66 50 65 50 131 100
Maryland 246 56 196 44 442 100
Massachusetts 224 68 104 32 328 100
Michigan 456 51 445 49 901 100
Minnesota 154 43 207 57 361 100
Mississippi 364 60 243 40 607 100
Missouri 429 56 337 44 766 100
Montana 135 70 57 30 192 100
Nebraska 114 51 111 49 225 100
Nevada 168 58 122 42 290 100
New Hampshire 57 60 38 40 95 100
New Jersey 328 59 228 41 556 100
New Mexico 242 63 141 37 383 100
New York 645 62 394 38 1,039 100
North Carolina 746 58 538 42 1,284 100
North Dakota 75 56 60 44 135 100
Ohio 525 52 481 48 1,006 100
Oklahoma 327 49 342 51 669 100
Oregon 213 60 144 40 357 100
Pennsylvania 652 55 543 45 1,195 100
Rhode Island 40 77 12 23 52 100
South Carolina 497 60 327 40 824 100
South Dakota 78 57 58 43 136 100
Tennessee 546 57 416 43 962 100
Texas 1,860 53 1,678 47 3,538 100
Utah 140 55 116 45 256 100
Vermont 28 64 16 36 44 100
Virginia 427 61 276 39 703 100
Washington 272 59 190 41 462 100
West Virginia 160 59 112 41 272 100
Wisconsin 276 54 231 46 507 100
Wyoming 90 60 60 40 150 100
U.S. total 18,450 56 14,225 44 32,675 100

Alcohol involvement

Some states report blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for only a small percentage of passenger vehicle drivers. If BAC is missing for a driver, it is estimated by the U.S. Department of Transportation's multiple imputation model. Subramanian, R. 2002. Transitioning to multiple imputation — a new method to impute missing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) values in FARS. Report no. DOT HS-809-403. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. However, BAC information is most precise in states that report a high percentage of BACs. In the following table, estimated percentages of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BACs at or above 0.08 percent are shown only for states in which BAC reporting for fatally injured drivers was 70 percent or higher. Estimated percentages are based on known BAC when available and imputed BAC for the remaining drivers.

For the nation in 2014, BAC was reported for 72 percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers. New Hampshire reported BACs for 96 percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers, while Mississippi reported BACs for 42 percent.

Thirty-five states and the District of Columbia had BAC reporting rates of at least 70 percent.  Among these states, Montana had the highest estimated percentage of fatally injured drivers with BACs of 0.08 percent or higher (49 percent), and Utah had the lowest (18 percent).

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BAC ≥ 0.08 percent by state, 2014
StateTotal drivers killedDrivers killed with known BAC resultsEstimated drivers killed with BACs ≥ 0.08
NumberNumber%Number%
Alabama 471 268 57
Alaska 33 28 85 10 31
Arizona 256 206 80 80 31
Arkansas 261 205 79 75 29
California 1,107 881 80 359 32
Colorado 216 178 82 81 38
Connecticut 104 59 57
Delaware 51 40 78 21 42
District of Columbia 9 8 89 4 47
Florida 905 607 67
Georgia 608 365 60
Hawaii 25 16 64
Idaho 93 56 60
Illinois 450 384 85 145 32
Indiana 384 203 53
Iowa 165 101 61
Kansas 230 151 66
Kentucky 370 277 75 96 26
Louisiana 370 244 66
Maine 79 71 90 22 28
Maryland 190 163 86 53 28
Massachusetts 152 102 67
Michigan 427 254 59
Minnesota 188 154 82 55 29
Mississippi 338 143 42
Missouri 410 335 82 117 29
Montana 110 95 86 54 49
Nebraska 137 122 89 42 30
Nevada 97 90 93 35 36
New Hampshire 49 47 96 19 38
New Jersey 220 178 81 65 29
New Mexico 148 109 74 42 29
New York 418 335 80 109 26
North Carolina 641 566 88 192 30
North Dakota 77 70 91 33 43
Ohio 556 456 82 166 30
Oklahoma 377 335 89 90 24
Oregon 170 146 86 57 33
Pennsylvania 595 423 71 173 29
Rhode Island 22 17 77 7 33
South Carolina 411 338 82 140 34
South Dakota 78 64 82 33 42
Tennessee 528 285 54
Texas 1,753 915 52
Utah 107 78 73 19 18
Vermont 21 15 71 5 22
Virginia 369 301 82 113 31
Washington 216 173 80 64 30
West Virginia 141 126 89 42 30
Wisconsin 265 233 88 88 33
Wyoming 81 58 72 35 43
U.S. total 15,479 11,074 72 4,913 32

Restraint use

Based on daytime observational surveys conducted by the states, the rate of safety belt use among front seat passenger vehicle occupants in 2014 ranged from 70 percent in New Hampshire to 98 percent in Oregon. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2015. Seat belt use in 2014 — use rates in the states and territories. Report no. DOT HS-812-149. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation. Rates of restraint use among fatally injured motor vehicle occupants will be lower than observed restraint use because unrestrained occupants are more likely than restrained occupants to be fatally injured in a crash. Restrained fatally injured occupants include occupants in child safety seats and occupants restrained by safety belts. Five states (California, Delaware, Maine, New York, and Rhode Island) and the District of Columbia had at least 60 percent restraint use among fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants.  In contrast, five states (Alaska, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, and South Dakota) had use rates below 30 percent. 

Rates of observed daytime front seat safety belt use and number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants by restraint use and state, 2014
State and percent of observed safety belt use Unrestrained fatally injured occupants Restrained fatally injured occupants Unknown restraint status of fatally injured occupantsTotal fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants
Number%Number%Number%Number
Alabama 96 351 57 241 39 27 4 619
Alaska 88 21 50 12 29 9 21 42
Arizona 87 210 53 142 36 44 11 396
Arkansas 74 166 48 149 43 30 9 345
California 97 481 30 995 61 149 9 1,625
Colorado 82 156 51 140 45 12 4 308
Connecticut 85 48 35 50 36 39 28 137
Delaware 92 23 32 46 65 2 3 71
District of Columbia93 3 30 7 70 0 0 10
Florida 89 510 42 637 53 59 5 1,206
Georgia 97 364 46 374 47 58 7 796
Hawaii 94 18 47 15 39 5 13 38
Idaho 80 68 52 60 46 2 2 130
Illinois 94 245 39 318 51 58 9 621
Indiana 90 190 38 237 48 71 14 498
Iowa 93 91 41 109 49 22 10 222
Kansas 86 150 51 128 43 18 6 296
Kentucky 86 285 57 213 4300 498
Louisiana 84 283 56 171 34 49 10 503
Maine 85 41 39 63 6100 104
Maryland 92 96 37 136 53 25 10 257
Massachusetts 77 100 50 66 33 36 18 202
Michigan 93 196 34 305 52 84 14 585
Minnesota 95 94 34 157 58 22 8 273
Mississippi 78 279 59 192 40 4 <1 475
Missouri 79 315 56 197 35 47 8 559
Montana 74 100 68 41 28 6 4 147
Nebraska 79 96 52 57 31 31 17 184
Nevada 94 65 45 69 47 12 8 146
New Hampshire 70 45 78 13 2200 58
New Jersey 88 119 40 156 53 20 7 295
New Mexico 92 98 42 107 46 26 11 231
New York 91 156 29 330 61 57 10 543
North Carolina 91 364 42 470 54 35 4 869
North Dakota 81 71 67 30 28 5 5 106
Ohio 85 376 51 294 40 64 9 734
Oklahoma 86 264 52 212 42 33 6 509
Oregon 98 61 26 137 59 34 15 232
Pennsylvania 84 372 48 289 38 109 14 770
Rhode Island 87 9 36 15 60 1 4 25
South Carolina 90 275 48 269 47 24 4 568
South Dakota 69 69 68 29 28 4 4 102
Tennessee 88 355 51 294 42 49 7 698
Texas 91 983 41 1,241 51 201 8 2,425
Utah 83 71 46 80 51 5 3 156
Vermont 84 14 52 11 41 2 7 27
Virginia 77 253 53 218 46 8 2 479
Washington 95 106 36 167 56 24 8 297
West Virginia 88 93 46 70 35 39 19 202
Wisconsin 85 162 45 159 44 42 12 363
Wyoming 79 67 56 49 41 4 3 120
U.S. total 87 9,428 45 9,967 47 1,707 8 21,102

Rural versus urban

Nationwide, 51 percent of motor vehicle deaths in 2014 occurred in rural areas. The percentage on rural roads was 93 percent in Montana,  91 percent in Mississippi, and 89 percent in Maine compared with 14 percent in New Jersey, 12 percent in Rhode Island, 10 percent in Massachusetts, and none in the District of Columbia.

Number and percent of motor vehicle crash deaths by land use and state, 2014
StateUrban Rural UnknownTotal
Number%Number%Number%Number
Alabama 274 33 544 66 2 <1 820
Alaska 31 42 42 5800 73
Arizona 482 63 286 37 2 <1 770
Arkansas 112 24 354 7600 466
California 1,910 62 1,163 38 1 <1 3,074
Colorado 260 53 228 4700 488
Connecticut 188 76 60 2400 248
Delaware 30 25 37 31 54 45 121
District of Columbia 23 1000000 23
Florida 1,626 65 506 20 362 15 2,494
Georgia 702 60 462 4000 1,164
Hawaii 65 68 30 3200 95
Idaho 35 19 151 8100 186
Illinois 506 55 417 45 1 <1 924
Indiana 272 36 474 6400 746
Iowa 67 21 254 7900 321
Kansas 87 23 298 7700 385
Kentucky 155 23 517 7700 672
Louisiana 343 47 375 51 19 3 737
Maine 15 11 116 8900 131
Maryland 293 66 149 3400 442
Massachusetts 295 90 33 1000 328
Michigan 522 58 378 42 1 <1 901
Minnesota 99 27 262 7300 361
Mississippi 56 9 551 9100 607
Missouri 295 39 471 6100 766
Montana 14 7 178 9300 192
Nebraska 48 21 177 7900 225
Nevada 200 69 90 3100 290
New Hampshire 47 49 48 5100 95
New Jersey 475 85 78 14 3 1 556
New Mexico 132 34 246 64 5 1 383
New York 649 62 390 3800 1,039
North Carolina 388 30 896 7000 1,284
North Dakota 19 14 116 8600 135
Ohio 506 50 496 49 4 <1 1,006
Oklahoma 201 30 468 7000 669
Oregon 120 34 237 6600 357
Pennsylvania 581 49 606 51 8 1 1,195
Rhode Island 46 88 6 1200 52
South Carolina 147 18 677 8200 824
South Dakota 21 15 115 8500 136
Tennessee 509 53 453 4700 962
Texas 1,753 50 1,779 50 6 <1 3,538
Utah 131 51 125 4900 256
Vermont 7 16 37 8400 44
Virginia 241 34 455 65 7 1 703
Washington 246 53 214 46 2 <1 462
West Virginia 67 25 205 7500 272
Wisconsin 167 33 339 67 1 <1 507
Wyoming 29 19 121 8100 150
U.S. total 15,487 47 16,710 51 478 1 32,675

References