Passenger vehicle occupants | 2006

By far the largest number of motor vehicle crash deaths are occupants of passenger vehicles including cars, minivans, pickups, SUVs, and cargo/large passenger vans. The likelihood of crash death varies markedly among these vehicle types according to size. Small/light vehicles have less structure and size to absorb crash energy, so more injurious forces can reach their occupants in crashes. People in lighter vehicles are at a disadvantage in collisions with heavier vehicles. Kahane, C.J. 2003. Vehicle weight, fatality risk and crash compatibility of model year 1991-99 passenger cars and light trucks. Report no. DOT HS-809-662. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation. Pickups and SUVs are proportionally more likely than cars to be in fatal single-vehicle crashes, especially rollovers. However, pickups and SUVs generally are heavier than cars, so occupant deaths in SUVs and pickups are less likely to occur in multiple-vehicle crashes.

Guide to car size groups   Guide to SUV size groups   Guide to pickup size groups
Curb weight Shadow
(overall length x width in square feet)
    Curb weight     Curb weight
≤ 80 81-90 91-100 101-110 > 110   Small ≤ 3,750 lbs   Small ≤ 4,000 lbs
≤ 2,500 lbs Mini Small Small Small Midsize   Midsize 3,751-4,750 lbs   Large > 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity = 1/2 ton
2,501-3,000 lbs Small Small Midsize Midsize Midsize   Large 4,751-5,750 lbs   Very large > 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity > 1/2 ton
3,001-3,500 lbs Small Midsize Midsize Large Large   Very large > 5,750 lbs or shadow > 115 sq ft    
3,501-4,000 lbs Small Midsize Large Large Very large      
> 4,000 lbs Midsize Midsize Large Very large Very large    
Note: Passenger versions of vans often referred to as minivans are classified as cars.    

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and The Polk Company's National Vehicle Population Profile.

Trends

A total of 30,476 passenger vehicle occupants died in 2006, nearly the same as in 1975. However, the distribution of vehicle types among these crashes has changed. Car occupant deaths have declined 26 percent since 1975, while pickup occupant deaths have risen 62 percent and SUV occupant deaths are more than 10 times as high.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by vehicle type, 1975-2006

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by vehicle type, 1975-2006
Year Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All passenger vehicle occupants
1975 25,715 3,674 455 30,601
1976 26,163 4,225 577 31,724
1977 26,698 4,512 729 32,823
1978 27,898 5,103 852 34,923
1979 27,518 5,423 945 35,026
1980 27,281 5,489 1,124 34,995
1981 26,406 5,236 1,021 33,711
1982 23,142 4,779 862 29,654
1983 22,800 4,660 920 29,153
1984 23,480 4,884 886 30,091
1985 23,076 4,892 1,024 29,847
1986 24,880 5,334 1,131 32,224
1987 25,115 5,795 1,269 33,145
1988 25,825 6,089 1,320 34,105
1989 25,269 6,016 1,373 33,599
1990 24,413 6,032 1,480 32,711
1991 22,738 5,858 1,521 30,810
1992 21,824 5,476 1,390 29,457
1993 22,117 5,611 1,552 29,994
1994 22,618 5,604 1,809 30,816
1995 23,124 5,973 2,006 31,913
1996 23,426 5,928 2,210 32,353
1997 23,151 5,922 2,415 32,331
1998 22,355 5,904 2,711 31,779
1999 22,119 6,095 3,019 32,008
2000 21,985 6,001 3,332 32,109
2001 21,604 6,147 3,495 31,938
2002 22,007 6,093 3,987 32,724
2003 21,053 5,903 4,393 32,166
2004 20,558 5,795 4,695 31,750
2005 19,887 6,110 4,782 31,455
2006 18,968 5,949 4,817 30,476

A total of 21,497 passenger vehicle drivers died in 2006, 2 percent less than in 2005 but 11 percent more than in 1975. Sixty-one percent of passenger vehicle driver deaths in 2006 were car drivers. However, the proportion of deaths involving pickup and SUV drivers is growing as the popularity of these vehicles increases.

Passenger vehicle driver deaths by vehicle type, 1975-2006
Year Car drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicle drivers
Num % Num % Num % Num
1975 16,141 83 2,481 13 270 1 19,349
1976 16,385 82 2,890 14 347 2 20,091
1977 16,903 81 3,076 15 434 2 20,941
1978 18,047 79 3,535 16 519 2 22,758
1979 18,064 78 3,734 16 596 3 23,109
1980 17,847 78 3,776 16 684 3 22,990
1981 17,553 78 3,687 16 623 3 22,506
1982 15,234 77 3,345 17 549 3 19,663
1983 15,057 78 3,219 17 575 3 19,337
1984 15,785 78 3,422 17 557 3 20,298
1985 15,430 77 3,446 17 645 3 20,057
1986 16,503 77 3,764 18 690 3 21,503
1987 16,722 75 4,082 18 765 3 22,157
1988 17,183 75 4,332 19 850 4 22,884
1989 16,775 74 4,365 19 877 4 22,554
1990 16,200 74 4,307 20 951 4 21,953
1991 14,938 73 4,256 21 943 5 20,551
1992 14,337 73 3,958 20 863 4 19,573
1993 14,547 73 4,105 20 977 5 20,036
1994 14,913 72 4,130 20 1,140 6 20,644
1995 15,323 71 4,431 21 1,248 6 21,456
1996 15,379 71 4,402 20 1,399 6 21,631
1997 15,308 71 4,376 20 1,537 7 21,702
1998 15,035 70 4,452 21 1,686 8 21,627
1999 14,809 68 4,658 21 1,986 9 21,899
2000 14,719 67 4,536 21 2,085 10 21,819
2001 14,553 67 4,653 21 2,253 10 21,862
2002 14,897 66 4,686 21 2,571 11 22,537
2003 14,380 65 4,567 21 2,784 13 22,200
2004 14,038 64 4,395 20 3,090 14 21,952
2005 13,723 63 4,685 21 3,133 14 21,953
2006 13,197 61 4,571 21 3,245 15 21,497

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths represented 71 percent of the 42,642 motor vehicle crash deaths in 2006.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths vs. all motor vehicle crash deaths, 1975-2006
Year All passenger vehicle occupant deaths Other deaths All motor vehicle crash deaths
Num % Num % Num
1975 30,601 69 13,924 31 44,525
1976 31,724 70 13,799 30 45,523
1977 32,823 69 15,055 31 47,878
1978 34,923 69 15,408 31 50,331
1979 35,026 69 16,067 31 51,093
1980 34,995 68 16,096 32 51,091
1981 33,711 68 15,590 32 49,301
1982 29,654 67 14,291 33 43,945
1983 29,153 68 13,436 32 42,589
1984 30,091 68 14,166 32 44,257
1985 29,847 68 13,978 32 43,825
1986 32,224 70 13,863 30 46,087
1987 33,145 71 13,245 29 46,390
1988 34,105 72 12,982 28 47,087
1989 33,599 74 11,983 26 45,582
1990 32,711 73 11,888 27 44,599
1991 30,810 74 10,698 26 41,508
1992 29,457 75 9,793 25 39,250
1993 29,994 75 10,156 25 40,150
1994 30,816 76 9,900 24 40,716
1995 31,913 76 9,904 24 41,817
1996 32,353 77 9,712 23 42,065
1997 32,331 77 9,682 23 42,013
1998 31,779 77 9,722 23 41,501
1999 32,008 77 9,709 23 41,717
2000 32,109 77 9,836 23 41,945
2001 31,938 76 10,258 24 42,196
2002 32,724 76 10,281 24 43,005
2003 32,166 75 10,718 25 42,884
2004 31,750 74 11,086 26 42,836
2005 31,455 72 12,055 28 43,510
2006 30,476 71 12,166 29 42,642

Crash types

Frontal impacts accounted for 49 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2006. Side impacts accounted for another 29 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2006
Point of principal impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Num % Num % Num % Num %
Frontal 4,073 50 1,708 46 1,191 38 7,181 47
Side 2,032 25 574 16 473 15 3,130 20
Rear 263 3 55 1 57 2 377 2
Other (mostly rollover) 1,822 22 1,343 36 1,410 45 4,731 31
All* 8,190 100 3,680 100 3,131 100 15,419 100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2006
Point of principal impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Num % Num % Num % Num %
Frontal 5,337 50 1,399 62 921 55 7,855 52
Side 4,472 42 612 27 502 30 5,661 38
Rear 623 6 149 7 144 9 949 6
Other (mostly rollover) 322 3 104 5 115 7 558 4
All* 10,754 100 2,264 100 1,682 100 15,023 100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in all crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2006
Point of principal impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Num % Num % Num % Num %
Frontal 9,424 50 3,111 52 2,115 44 15,058 49
Side 6,512 34 1,186 20 976 20 8,800 29
Rear 887 5 204 3 201 4 1,327 4
Other (mostly rollover) 2,145 11 1,448 24 1,525 32 5,291 17
All* 18,968 100 5,949 100 4,817 100 30,476 100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Forty-three percent of car occupant deaths in 2006 occurred in single-vehicle crashes and 57 percent occurred in multiple-vehicle crashes. In contrast, single-vehicle crashes accounted for 65 percent of SUV occupant deaths and 62 percent of pickup occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by vehicle and crash type, 2006
Vehicle type Deaths in single-vehicle crashes Deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes Deaths in all crashes*
Num % Num % Num
Cars 8,190 43 10,754 57 18,968
Pickups 3,680 62 2,264 38 5,949
SUVs 3,131 65 1,682 35 4,817
Other 418 56 323 44 742
All passenger vehicles 15,419 51 15,023 49 30,476
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Age and gender differences

Thirty-three percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2006 were younger than 25.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by age, 2006
Age All occupants
Num %
< 25 10,050 33
25-29 2,967 10
30-34 2,160 7
35-39 2,019 7
40-44 2,063 7
45-49 2,004 7
50-54 1,770 6
55-59 1,519 5
60-64 1,205 4
65-69 999 3
≥ 70 3,648 12
All * 30,476 100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Seventy-one percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2006 were drivers; 70 percent of these drivers were males.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by occupant age, type, and gender, 2006
Age Drivers All occupants
Male Female Total* Male Female Total*
Num % Num % Num Num % Num % Num
< 16 47 66 24 34 71 760 49 778 51 1,538
16-19 1,622 70 702 30 2,324 2,525 66 1,305 34 3,831
20-24 2,476 76 778 24 3,257 3,453 74 1,225 26 4,681
25-29 1,673 75 554 25 2,228 2,165 73 801 27 2,967
30-34 1,211 72 460 28 1,671 1,509 70 651 30 2,160
35-39 1,103 69 493 31 1,597 1,331 66 686 34 2,019
40-44 1,126 68 529 32 1,655 1,339 65 724 35 2,063
45-49 1,137 70 484 30 1,622 1,330 66 671 33 2,004
50-54 990 70 432 30 1,422 1,150 65 620 35 1,770
55-59 838 68 396 32 1,234 953 63 566 37 1,519
60-64 631 66 319 34 951 710 59 492 41 1,205
65-69 527 69 240 31 767 597 60 402 40 999
≥ 70 1,733 65 935 35 2,669 2,020 55 1,627 45 3,648
All* 15,138 70 6,348 30 21,497 19,893 65 10,561 35 30,476
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Driver death rates

Computing driver death rates per million registered passenger vehicles allows for comparisons of fatal crash risk across vehicle groups. The computed rates reflect the influence of vehicle designs plus their patterns of use and the demographics of their drivers. Driver death rates are based on 1-3-year-old vehicles only so as to minimize the effects of vehicle aging. Rates based on fewer than 120,000 vehicle registrations are considered unreliable and are not included.

Since 1978, the overall rates of driver and occupant deaths per million registered vehicles have declined across all passenger vehicle types. Declines in death rates have been largest for SUV occupants.

Occupant deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2006
Year Drivers All occupants
Cars Pickups SUVs All passenger vehicles Cars Pickups SUVs All passenger vehicles
1978 155 237 273 169 235 346 438 256
1979 165 246 271 180 244 350 425 265
1980 167 221 287 177 248 316 494 263
1981 177 216 237 182 259 296 389 265
1982 155 188 229 159 231 263 392 236
1983 148 188 225 153 220 263 337 225
1984 147 190 143 151 218 259 218 222
1985 139 182 141 144 208 257 227 213
1986 128 172 134 133 196 239 224 202
1987 130 178 136 136 197 248 232 205
1988 134 186 121 140 206 251 198 211
1989 130 185 116 137 200 255 185 207
1990 122 179 126 131 188 245 201 197
1991 108 169 109 117 169 229 175 178
1992 102 151 88 108 160 200 151 165
1993 97 137 93 102 153 187 141 156
1994 100 134 87 104 160 178 148 161
1995 103 134 102 107 160 180 157 162
1996 107 127 98 108 168 178 150 167
1997 96 118 93 99 153 161 146 153
1998 90 119 86 94 141 158 141 144
1999 91 120 93 96 138 162 139 143
2000 83 117 81 89 127 155 135 134
2001 83 130 74 89 125 170 116 131
2002 84 123 76 88 126 162 122 131
2003 81 116 70 85 122 153 113 126
2004 76 106 64 79 114 146 100 117
2005 79 107 56 78 117 142 88 114
2006 77 103 47 74 112 139 72 107

For each vehicle type (car, pickup, SUV), the rates of driver deaths per million registered vehicles in 2006 were lowest for the largest and heaviest vehicles.

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2006

Note: Pickups and SUVs are typically heavier than most passenger cars.

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2006
  Rate
Cars Mini 106
Small 99
Midsize 70
Large 69
Very large 41
Pickups Small 116
Large 98
Very large 84
SUVs Small 42
Midsize 50
Large 43
Very large 33

Multiple-vehicle crashes accounted for 36 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in 2006, while there were 38 deaths per million in single-vehicle crashes. In single-vehicle crashes, pickups had the highest number of deaths per registered vehicle (66 per million) in 2006. In multiple-vehicle crashes, cars had the highest number of deaths per registered vehicle (44 per million), and SUVs had the lowest number of deaths per registered vehicle (18 per million).

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by crash type, 2006
  Multiple-vehicle Single-vehicle Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Cars Mini 69 37 13 106
Small 57 42 21 99
Midsize 38 32 15 70
Large 41 28 11 69
Very large 26 15 5 41
All cars 44 33 15 77
Pickups Small 50 66 42 116
Large 35 63 42 98
Very large 24 61 45 84
All pickups 37 66 45 103
SUVs Small 17 25 16 42
Midsize 20 31 19 50
Large 16 27 17 43
Very large 11 23 14 33
All SUVs 18 29 18 47
All passenger vehicles All 36 38 21 74
Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, by crash type, 2006, by 2WD and 4WD for pickups and SUVs
  Multiple-vehicle Single-vehicle Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
2WD 4WD All 2WD 4WD All 2WD 4WD All 2WD 4WD All
Pickups Small 56 40 50 67 64 66 41 45 42 123 104 116
Large 42 28 35 67 59 63 43 41 42 108 87 98
Very large 30 22 24 58 61 61 36 48 45 88 83 84
All pickups 45 28 37 66 61 66 42 44 45 111 88 103
SUVs Small 14 18 17 23 27 25 14 18 16 38 45 42
Midsize 24 17 20 37 27 31 22 16 19 61 45 50
Large 20 13 16 31 24 27 21 15 17 51 38 43
Very large 16 8 11 11 27 23 5 17 14 27 36 33
All SUVs 20 16 18 31 26 29 19 16 18 51 43 47

Frontal impacts accounted for 20 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in multiple-vehicle crashes in 2006 compared with 13 deaths per million in side impacts and 2 deaths per million in rear impacts.

Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2006
  Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Cars 23 18 2 <1 44
Pickups 23 12 1 <1 37
SUVs 11 4 1 <1 18
All passenger vehicles 20 13 2 <1 36
Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2006, by passenger vehicle sizes
  Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Cars Mini 40 20 7 2 69
Small 30 24 2 <1 57
Midsize 21 14 2 <1 38
Large 18 20 2 <1 41
Very large 17 8 <1 <1 26
All cars 23 18 2 <1 44
Pickups Small 29 17 2 <1 50
Large 23 10 <1 <1 35
Very large 11 8 <1 2 24
All pickups 23 12 1 <1 37
SUVs Small 11 3 3 <1 17
Midsize 12 5 1 1 20
Large 11 3 1 0 16
Very large 9 2 <1 <1 11
All SUVs 11 4 1 <1 18
All passenger vehicles All 20 13 2 <1 36

Frontal impacts accounted for 17 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in single-vehicle crashes in 2006 compared with 8 deaths per million in side impacts and fewer than 1 death per million in rear impacts.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2006
  Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Cars 15 9 1 6 33
Pickups 28 11 <1 21 66
SUVs 12 5 <1 9 29
All passenger vehicles 17 8 <1 10 38
Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2006, by passenger vehicle sizes
  Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Cars Mini 22 11 2 2 37
Small 20 11 2 8 42
Midsize 14 9 <1 7 32
Large 14 9 <1 4 28
Very large 8 3 <1 3 15
All cars 15 9 1 6 33
Pickups Small 23 11 1 26 66
Large 30 13 <1 16 63
Very large 23 8 1 24 61
All pickups 28 11 <1 21 66
SUVs Small 10 5 <1 8 25
Midsize 14 5 <1 10 31
Large 11 4 1 9 27
Very large 8 5 <1 9 23
All SUVs 12 5 <1 9 29
All passenger vehicles All 17 8 <1 10 38

Rollover

A vehicle is classified as rolling over if it tips onto its side or roof at any time during the crash. The rollover may occur subsequent to a frontal or side impact with another vehicle or a fixed object. Many rollovers occur after a vehicle leaves the roadway and may lead to occupants being ejected from the vehicle, increasing the likelihood of a fatality.

A total of 10,682 passenger vehicle occupants died in rollover crashes in 2006. Twenty-three percent of these did not involve any other impact.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2006
Point of principal impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Num % Num % Num % Num %
Frontal 1,847 39 997 35 853 30 3,804 36
Side 966 20 442 16 440 16 1,896 18
Rear 207 4 105 4 106 4 433 4
None 715 15 719 25 892 32 2,407 23
Other 986 21 566 20 530 19 2,142 20
All* 4,721 100 2,829 100 2,821 100 10,682 100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Crashes in which a vehicle rolled over accounted for 35 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2006 (57 percent of single-vehicle occupant crash deaths and 13 percent of multiple-vehicle occupant crash deaths).

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by crash type, 1978-2006
Year Deaths in single-vehicle crashes Deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes Deaths in all crashes*
Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover
Num % Num % Num % Num % Num % Num %
1978 7,858 48 8,460 52 1,477 8 17,093 92 9,350 27 25,573 73
1979 8,010 48 8,542 52 1,666 9 16,779 91 9,691 28 25,335 72
1980 8,673 49 9,000 51 1,588 9 15,679 91 10,282 29 24,713 71
1981 8,211 50 8,188 50 1,588 9 15,692 91 9,812 29 23,899 71
1982 6,974 49 7,204 51 1,305 8 14,157 92 8,282 28 21,372 72
1983 6,951 50 7,079 50 1,256 8 13,867 92 8,207 28 20,946 72
1984 7,116 50 7,090 50 1,358 9 14,527 91 8,474 28 21,617 72
1985 6,900 50 6,779 50 1,361 8 14,804 92 8,262 28 21,585 72
1986 7,954 52 7,428 48 1,501 9 15,341 91 9,455 29 22,769 71
1987 8,162 53 7,363 47 1,629 9 15,991 91 9,791 30 23,354 70
1988 8,562 53 7,494 47 1,582 9 16,467 91 10,144 30 23,961 70
1989 8,060 52 7,558 48 1,620 9 16,361 91 9,680 29 23,919 71
1990 8,068 52 7,382 48 1,556 9 15,705 91 9,624 29 23,087 71
1991 7,749 52 7,131 48 1,523 10 14,407 90 9,272 30 21,538 70
1992 7,135 52 6,693 48 1,492 10 14,137 90 8,627 29 20,830 71
1993 7,002 51 6,821 49 1,524 9 14,647 91 8,526 28 21,468 72
1994 7,268 52 6,636 48 1,669 10 15,243 90 8,937 29 21,879 71
1995 7,802 53 6,940 47 1,708 10 15,463 90 9,510 30 22,403 70
1996 7,903 53 6,891 47 1,691 10 15,869 90 9,594 30 22,760 70
1997 7,711 53 6,737 47 1,774 10 16,109 90 9,485 29 22,846 71
1998 7,846 54 6,594 46 1,872 11 15,467 89 9,718 31 22,061 69
1999 8,255 56 6,502 44 1,839 11 15,412 89 10,094 32 21,914 68
2000 8,112 54 6,841 46 1,800 10 15,356 90 9,912 31 22,197 69
2001 8,375 55 6,786 45 1,747 10 15,030 90 10,122 32 21,816 68
2002 8,724 55 7,114 45 1,952 12 14,934 88 10,676 33 22,048 67
2003 8,462 55 6,936 45 1,940 12 14,828 88 10,402 32 21,764 68
2004 8,525 56 6,764 44 2,022 12 14,439 88 10,547 33 21,203 67
2005 8,730 57 6,713 43 2,095 13 13,902 87 10,825 34 20,630 66
2006 8,765 57 6,654 43 1,914 13 13,109 87 10,682 35 19,794 65
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Since 1978 pickups and SUVs have a consistently higher percentage of rollover deaths than cars.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover vs. no rollover crashes, 1978-2006
Year Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants
Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover
Num % Num % Num % Num % Num % Num %
1978 6,422 23 21,476 77 1,989 39 3,114 61 520 61 332 39
1979 6,416 23 21,102 77 2,222 41 3,201 59 630 67 315 33
1980 6,862 25 20,419 75 2,263 41 3,226 59 735 65 389 35
1981 6,541 25 19,865 75 2,177 42 3,059 58 663 65 358 35
1982 5,477 24 17,665 76 1,935 40 2,844 60 571 66 291 34
1983 5,381 24 17,419 76 1,939 42 2,721 58 609 66 311 34
1984 5,525 24 17,955 76 2,048 42 2,836 58 587 66 299 34
1985 5,219 23 17,857 77 2,044 42 2,848 58 671 66 353 34
1986 5,996 24 18,884 76 2,371 44 2,963 56 737 65 394 35
1987 5,997 24 19,118 76 2,598 45 3,197 55 824 65 445 35
1988 6,227 24 19,598 76 2,762 45 3,327 55 815 62 505 38
1989 5,784 23 19,485 77 2,680 45 3,336 55 847 62 526 38
1990 5,695 23 18,718 77 2,713 45 3,319 55 910 61 570 39
1991 5,443 24 17,295 76 2,593 44 3,265 56 934 61 587 39
1992 4,944 23 16,880 77 2,479 45 2,997 55 879 63 511 37
1993 4,865 22 17,252 78 2,415 43 3,196 57 971 63 581 37
1994 5,112 23 17,506 77 2,393 43 3,211 57 1,102 61 707 39
1995 5,340 23 17,784 77 2,581 43 3,392 57 1,257 63 749 37
1996 5,323 23 18,104 77 2,539 43 3,389 57 1,429 65 781 35
1997 5,142 22 18,009 78 2,479 42 3,443 58 1,516 63 899 37
1998 5,120 23 17,235 77 2,537 43 3,367 57 1,703 63 1,008 37
1999 5,174 23 16,945 77 2,699 44 3,396 56 1,901 63 1,118 37
2000 4,997 23 16,988 77 2,532 42 3,469 58 2,064 62 1,268 38
2001 5,028 23 16,576 77 2,657 43 3,490 57 2,138 61 1,357 39
2002 5,243 24 16,764 76 2,730 45 3,363 55 2,459 62 1,528 38
2003 4,916 23 16,137 77 2,555 43 3,348 57 2,612 59 1,781 41
2004 4,779 23 15,779 77 2,572 44 3,223 56 2,898 62 1,797 38
2005 4,827 24 15,060 76 2,817 46 3,293 54 2,868 60 1,914 40
2006 4,721 25 14,247 75 2,829 48 3,120 52 2,821 59 1,996 41

More than three-fourths of fatal rollovers are single-vehicle crashes.[ Error ] The remaining facts will concentrate on single-vehicle rollovers.

A total of 8,765 passenger vehicle occupants died in single-vehicle rollover crashes in 2006, nearly the same as in 2005 but 12 percent more than in 1978.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes, 1978-2006
Year Car drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicle drivers All passenger vehicle occupants
1978 3,710 1,140 271 5,323 7,858
1979 3,610 1,263 329 5,396 8,010
1980 3,995 1,309 406 5,895 8,673
1981 3,826 1,291 364 5,687 8,211
1982 3,222 1,162 312 4,828 6,974
1983 3,169 1,120 319 4,732 6,951
1984 3,252 1,226 331 4,964 7,116
1985 3,076 1,202 360 4,773 6,900
1986 3,474 1,401 375 5,400 7,954
1987 3,427 1,535 403 5,528 8,162
1988 3,675 1,656 447 5,925 8,562
1989 3,309 1,629 463 5,551 8,060
1990 3,291 1,563 486 5,477 8,068
1991 3,092 1,595 470 5,282 7,749
1992 2,800 1,492 442 4,848 7,135
1993 2,664 1,462 494 4,729 7,002
1994 2,826 1,403 522 4,879 7,268
1995 3,005 1,556 602 5,284 7,802
1996 2,932 1,514 720 5,294 7,903
1997 2,817 1,469 754 5,177 7,711
1998 2,857 1,545 808 5,328 7,846
1999 2,866 1,667 999 5,644 8,255
2000 2,795 1,526 1,035 5,466 8,112
2001 2,836 1,660 1,054 5,654 8,375
2002 2,977 1,680 1,212 5,967 8,724
2003 2,755 1,618 1,308 5,789 8,462
2004 2,704 1,567 1,465 5,853 8,525
2005 2,759 1,734 1,457 6,074 8,730
2006 2,756 1,766 1,508 6,182 8,765

Single-vehicle rollover crashes accounted for 47 percent of occupant deaths in SUVs in 2006, compared with 39 percent of occupant deaths in pickups and 21 percent in cars.

Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all occupant deaths, 2006
  Drivers All occupants
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Num % Num Num % Num
Cars Mini 175 16 1,127 241 15 1,576
Small 883 21 4,270 1,259 21 6,108
Midsize 933 23 4,024 1,286 23 5,650
Large 574 21 2,672 830 21 4,020
Very large 114 15 745 176 16 1,123
All cars 2,756 21 13,197 3,899 21 18,968
Pickups Small 576 34 1,699 734 34 2,133
Large 765 40 1,934 1,010 40 2,545
Very large 321 47 681 457 49 928
All pickups 1,766 39 4,571 2,342 39 5,949
SUVs Small 365 40 921 507 41 1,236
Midsize 875 49 1,771 1,284 49 2,617
Large 158 48 331 289 49 584
Very large 70 49 144 148 56 266
All SUVs 1,508 46 3,245 2,284 47 4,817
All passenger vehicles All 6,182 29 21,497 8,765 29 30,476


Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all driver deaths, 2006, by 2WD and 4WD for pickups and SUVs
  2WD 4WD
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Num % Num Num % Num
Pickups Small 369 30 1,237 207 45 462
Large 407 35 1,172 358 47 762
Very large 86 37 233 235 52 448
All pickups 878 33 2,673 808 48 1,686
SUVs Small 112 38 293 253 40 628
Midsize 356 51 703 517 49 1,064
Large 53 46 116 105 49 215
Very large 30 45 67 40 52 77
All SUVs 551 47 1,179 915 46 1,984
Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all occupant deaths, 2006, by 2WD and 4WD for pickups and SUVs
  2WD 4WD
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Num % Num Num % Num
Pickups Small 459 30 1,551 275 47 582
Large 527 34 1,541 483 48 1,004
Very large 124 39 316 333 54 612
All pickups 1,131 33 3,452 1,105 50 2,223
SUVs Small 152 39 394 355 42 842
Midsize 554 52 1,073 728 47 1,540
Large 126 55 229 163 46 355
Very large 62 50 124 86 61 142
All SUVs 894 49 1,820 1,332 46 2,879

Since 1978, driver death rates for single-vehicle rollover crashes have declined across all passenger vehicle types, particularly for SUVs. Single-vehicle crashes involving rollover accounted for 21 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in 2006.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2006
Year Car drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicles
1978 32 78 141 41
1979 31 90 155 43
1980 37 83 168 47
1981 35 76 137 44
1982 31 65 129 38
1983 29 62 126 35
1984 27 72 69 34
1985 25 61 73 32
1986 24 70 62 32
1987 24 68 67 33
1988 26 70 55 34
1989 24 68 60 33
1990 25 68 60 34
1991 23 66 54 31
1992 20 56 40 27
1993 19 50 51 26
1994 19 42 37 25
1995 20 49 45 27
1996 24 47 55 31
1997 21 44 43 27
1998 21 43 43 28
1999 20 49 47 29
2000 18 46 42 27
2001 18 53 36 27
2002 18 52 37 28
2003 16 48 33 25
2004 15 45 29 23
2005 16 45 24 23
2006 15 45 18 21

References