Fatality Facts 2016Gender

Gender

Many more men than women die each year in motor vehicle crashes. Men typically drive more miles than women and more often engage in risky driving practices including not using safety belts, driving while impaired by alcohol, and speeding. Crashes involving male drivers often are more severe than those involving female drivers. Li, G.; Baker, S.P.; Langlois, J.A.; and Kelen, G.D. 1998. Are female drivers safer? An application of the decomposition method. Epidemiology 9:379-84.However, females are more likely than males to be killed or injured in crashes of equal severity, although gender differences in fatality risk diminish with age. Kahane, C.J. 2013. Injury vulnerability and effectiveness of occupant protection technologies for older occupants and women. Report no. DOT HS-811-766. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Both men and women traveled more miles in 2008 than in 1995, but the percentage increase in miles traveled was greater for women (13 percent) than for men (8 percent). The rate of fatal crashes per 100 million miles of travel decreased 24 percent between 1995 and 2008 for both male and female drivers. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 2013. [Unpublished analysis of data from the US Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the National Household Travel Survey]. Arlington, VA.

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).

Posted December 2017.

Age differences

The number of driver fatal crash involvements per 100 million miles driven in 2008 was 50 percent higher for males (2.1 per 100 million miles traveled) than for females (1.4 per 100 million miles traveled). Rates were substantially higher for males than for females ages 16-29, but were only slightly higher for ages 30 and older. The gender difference was largest among drivers ages 20-29. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 2013. [Unpublished analysis of data from the US Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the National Household Travel Survey]. Arlington, VA.

Fatal passenger vehicle crash involvements per 100 million miles traveled by driver age and gender, 2008
Age Male Female Total*
Crash involvements Miles Rate Crash involvements Miles Rate Crash involvements Miles Rate
16-19 2,747 47,101,113,156 5.8 1,292 40,725,999,996 3.2 4,040 87,827,113,152 4.6
20-29 7,408 144,498,696,245 5.1 2,816 131,455,554,074 2.1 10,225 275,954,250,319 3.7
30-59 12,269 885,054,888,347 1.4 5,676 559,809,444,138 1.0 17,945 1,444,864,332,485 1.2
60-69 2,196 158,220,245,972 1.4 1,014 102,579,182,791 1.0 3,211 260,799,428,763 1.2
≥70 2,498 80,488,354,469 3.1 1,232 41,430,048,664 3.0 3,731 121,918,403,133 3.1
Total* 27,264 1,317,040,742,517 2.1 12,104 878,100,269,096 1.4 39,543 2,195,141,011,613 1.8

In 2016, the rates of passenger vehicle occupant deaths per 100,000 people were much higher among males than among females for every age group except 0-15 years. Male passenger vehicle occupants 85 and older had the highest fatality rate, followed by males ages 20-24 and 80-84. Fatality rates were lowest among occupants 0-15 years old for both males and females.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths per 100,000 people by age and gender, 2016
Age Male Female Total*
Population Deaths Rate Population Deaths Rate Population Deaths Rate
0-15 33,277,658 477 1.4 31,894,402 476 1.5 65,172,060 953 1.5
16-19 8,659,696 1,220 14.1 8,273,312 699 8.4 16,933,008 1,920 11.3
20-24 11,491,065 2,194 19.1 10,889,963 959 8.8 22,381,028 3,155 14.1
25-29 11,631,474 1,756 15.1 11,259,410 769 6.8 22,890,884 2,526 11.0
30-34 10,968,264 1,371 12.5 10,818,095 642 5.9 21,786,359 2,013 9.2
35-39 10,376,442 1,071 10.3 10,397,463 484 4.7 20,773,905 1,556 7.5
40-44 9,776,321 977 10.0 9,919,930 433 4.4 19,696,251 1,410 7.2
45-49 10,375,955 897 8.6 10,571,668 452 4.3 20,947,623 1,349 6.4
50-54 10,730,184 933 8.7 11,108,872 508 4.6 21,839,056 1,441 6.6
55-59 10,683,406 952 8.9 11,296,702 453 4.0 21,980,108 1,405 6.4
60-64 9,315,632 851 9.1 10,167,404 461 4.5 19,483,036 1,313 6.7
65-69 7,936,919 713 9.0 8,883,164 460 5.2 16,820,083 1,173 7.0
70-74 5,454,190 578 10.6 6,356,057 390 6.1 11,810,247 968 8.2
75-79 3,723,619 491 13.2 4,644,276 352 7.6 8,367,895 843 10.1
80-84 2,453,255 458 18.7 3,412,384 363 10.6 5,865,639 821 14.0
≥85 2,224,843 520 23.4 4,155,488 398 9.6 6,380,331 918 14.4
Total 159,078,923 15,476 9.7 164,048,590 8,308 5.1 323,127,513 23,793 7.4

Alcohol involvement

Each year from 1982 to 2016, the proportion of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) at or above 0.08 percent has been substantially higher for males than for females.

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08 percent, 1982-2016
Year Male Female Total*
Drivers killed Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.08 Drivers killed Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.08 Drivers killed Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.08
Number Number % Number Number % Number Number %
1982 15,129 8,529 56 4,534 1,495 33 19,664 10,024 51
1983 14,620 8,070 55 4,716 1,458 31 19,338 9,529 49
1984 14,934 7,856 53 5,366 1,523 28 20,300 9,379 46
1985 14,768 7,325 50 5,288 1,348 25 20,058 8,674 43
1986 15,935 7,950 50 5,564 1,444 26 21,503 9,396 44
1987 16,133 7,787 48 6,022 1,554 26 22,157 9,343 42
1988 16,744 8,080 48 6,140 1,500 24 22,884 9,581 42
1989 16,284 7,710 47 6,269 1,491 24 22,554 9,201 41
1990 15,901 7,591 48 6,049 1,380 23 21,953 8,973 41
1991 14,824 6,916 47 5,727 1,326 23 20,551 8,242 40
1992 14,021 6,216 44 5,550 1,217 22 19,573 7,434 38
1993 14,298 6,114 43 5,737 1,213 21 20,036 7,328 37
1994 14,612 5,898 40 6,034 1,184 20 20,647 7,083 34
1995 15,164 6,216 41 6,293 1,272 20 21,457 7,488 35
1996 15,066 6,063 40 6,563 1,272 19 21,631 7,336 34
1997 15,023 5,819 39 6,683 1,248 19 21,711 7,069 33
1998 14,975 5,712 38 6,651 1,232 19 21,627 6,945 32
1999 15,238 5,832 38 6,658 1,161 17 21,899 6,994 32
2000 15,323 5,844 38 6,495 1,283 20 21,819 7,127 33
2001 15,396 5,954 39 6,465 1,250 19 21,862 7,205 33
2002 15,907 6,182 39 6,629 1,199 18 22,537 7,381 33
2003 15,551 5,938 38 6,647 1,182 18 22,200 7,120 32
2004 15,390 5,804 38 6,562 1,148 17 21,952 6,952 32
2005 15,564 5,897 38 6,386 1,205 19 21,953 7,104 32
2006 15,199 5,776 38 6,390 1,387 22 21,592 7,164 33
2007 14,648 5,841 40 5,892 1,216 21 20,542 7,057 34
2008 13,022 5,211 40 5,239 1,067 20 18,266 6,280 34
2009 11,928 4,743 40 4,905 1,048 21 16,834 5,791 34
2010 11,103 4,114 37 4,923 1,062 22 16,029 5,177 32
2011 10,880 4,112 38 4,677 951 20 15,561 5,065 33
2012 11,234 4,263 38 4,681 941 20 15,915 5,205 33
2013 10,957 4,121 38 4,617 985 21 15,577 5,109 33
2014 10,978 3,937 36 4,514 967 21 15,495 4,906 32
2015 11,828 3,916 33 4,795 998 21 16,629 4,916 30
2016 12,422 3,987 32 5,107 1,033 20 17,538 5,024 29

Speeding

Each year from 1982 to 2016, speeding was identified as a contributing factor for a greater proportion of male drivers killed in motor vehicle crashes than for female drivers killed in a crash.

Percentage of fatally injured male and female drivers who were coded as speeding, 1982-2016
Year Male Female Total*
Drivers killed Speeding related Drivers killed Speeding related Drivers killed Speeding related
Number Number % Number Number % Number Number %
1982 15,129 5,682 38 4,534 1,068 24 19,664 6,750 34
1983 14,620 5,250 36 4,716 1,060 22 19,338 6,310 33
1984 14,934 5,384 36 5,366 1,197 22 20,300 6,581 32
1985 14,768 5,515 37 5,288 1,256 24 20,058 6,771 34
1986 15,935 6,110 38 5,564 1,302 23 21,503 7,413 34
1987 16,133 5,977 37 6,022 1,414 23 22,157 7,392 33
1988 16,744 6,294 38 6,140 1,399 23 22,884 7,693 34
1989 16,284 5,905 36 6,269 1,453 23 22,554 7,358 33
1990 15,901 5,573 35 6,049 1,275 21 21,953 6,850 31
1991 14,824 5,206 35 5,727 1,284 22 20,551 6,490 32
1992 14,021 4,782 34 5,550 1,205 22 19,573 5,988 31
1993 14,298 4,732 33 5,737 1,197 21 20,036 5,930 30
1994 14,612 4,688 32 6,034 1,276 21 20,647 5,965 29
1995 15,164 5,040 33 6,293 1,353 22 21,457 6,393 30
1996 15,066 4,942 33 6,563 1,439 22 21,631 6,383 30
1997 15,023 4,852 32 6,683 1,449 22 21,711 6,303 29
1998 14,975 4,802 32 6,651 1,361 20 21,627 6,163 28
1999 15,238 4,779 31 6,658 1,353 20 21,899 6,134 28
2000 15,323 4,659 30 6,495 1,398 22 21,819 6,057 28
2001 15,396 4,792 31 6,465 1,309 20 21,862 6,102 28
2002 15,907 5,348 34 6,629 1,461 22 22,537 6,809 30
2003 15,551 5,041 32 6,647 1,451 22 22,200 6,492 29
2004 15,390 4,948 32 6,562 1,399 21 21,952 6,347 29
2005 15,564 5,149 33 6,386 1,392 22 21,953 6,542 30
2006 15,199 5,141 34 6,390 1,448 23 21,592 6,590 31
2007 14,648 4,939 34 5,892 1,291 22 20,542 6,231 30
2008 13,022 4,368 34 5,239 1,211 23 18,266 5,579 31
2009 11,928 3,964 33 4,905 1,099 22 16,834 5,063 30
2010 11,103 3,704 33 4,923 1,172 24 16,029 4,878 30
2011 10,880 3,609 33 4,677 1,013 22 15,561 4,624 30
2012 11,234 3,681 33 4,681 1,056 23 15,915 4,737 30
2013 10,957 3,433 31 4,617 1,020 22 15,577 4,455 29
2014 10,978 3,329 30 4,514 920 20 15,495 4,250 27
2015 11,828 3,363 28 4,795 956 20 16,629 4,320 26
2016 12,422 3,466 28 5,107 1,028 20 17,538 4,497 26