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2012 Toyota Tacoma

Small pickup
2010 Toyota Tacoma shown
2010 Toyota Tacoma shown
Crashworthiness
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    M
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2018
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
M
M
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
P
M
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
P
2015
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2014
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
G
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
G
M
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2005-15 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Toyota Tacoma was redesigned for the 2005 model year. Two tests of the Tacoma were conducted, one by the Institute of a 2005 model 2wd Access Cab and the other by Toyota of a 2006 model 2wd Double Cab as part of frontal crash test verification. The overall rating of Good is based on review of both tests, which independently result in overall ratings of Good. The ratings and vehicle specifications based on Toyota's test are listed because the 2wd Double Cab is similar to the crew cab configuration of other pickups tested more recently.

Injury measures

In each test, measures taken from the neck, chest, and both legs indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. In the test conducted by Toyota, measures taken from the dummy's head also indicate low risk of head injuries. (In the Institute's test, a high head acceleration occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that head injuries would be possible.) Head acceleration from the roof rail hit in the Institute's test was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled in both tests. During rebound in the Institute's test, the dummy's head hit the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2006 Toyota Tacoma TRD Sport Double Cab long bed 2wd
Weight 3,953 lbs.
Side airbags optional front and rear head curtain airbags and optional front seat-mounted side torso airbags
Wheelbase 141 in.
Length 221 in.
Width 75 in.
Engine 4.0 L V6
EPA ratings 16 mpg city / 21 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0510 VTF0806
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 11 8
Left (cm) 11 11
Center (cm) 11 10
Right (cm) 11 9
Brake pedal (cm) 6 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 -1
Right (cm) 2 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2 1
Rearward (cm) -4 -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0510 VTF0806
Head
HIC-15 527 283
Peak gs at hard contact 89 no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.9 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 38 14
Maximum Nij 0.39 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4 0.8
Femur force - right (kN) 0.2 0.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.35 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right 0.44 0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.7 2.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 89 68
Right 56 86

Applies to 2009-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Toyota Tacoma was redesigned for the 2005 model year. Side airbags became standard in all models beginning with the 2009 model year (they had been optional in Double Cab models in 2005-08).

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that a fracture of the pelvis would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2008 Toyota Tacoma PreRunner Double Cab 2wd
Weight 3,958 lbs.
Side airbags optional front and rear head curtain airbags and optional front seat-mounted side torso airbags
Wheelbase 128 in.
Length 208 in.
Width 75 in.
Engine 4.0 L V6
EPA ratings 16 mpg city / 20 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0818
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-11.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0818
Head HIC-15 77
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 30
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 25
Average deflection (mm) 23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.81
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.29
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 3.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.5
Combined force (kN) 5.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 65
A-P moment (Nm) 43

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0818
Head HIC-15 176
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 33
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.93
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.49
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.7
Combined force (kN) 3.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.1
L-M moment (Nm) 104
A-P moment (Nm) -45

Applies to 2005-15 models

Overall evaluation
M
Curb weight 3,922 lbs
Peak force 12,074 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 3.08
Tested vehicle
Rating applies only to crew cab models.
2010 Toyota Tacoma PreRunner Double Cab 2wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2009-15 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth bucket seats AHR

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual cloth bucket seats AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 14
Distance below top of head (mm) 24
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 15.7
Head contact time (ms) 59
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 496
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags (standard beginning with all 2009 models, optional in 2005-08 crew cab models only)
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags, if equipped, in the event of an impending rollover (beginning with 2008 models)
3
Electronic stability control (standard beginning with 2009 models, optional on 2005-08 models)
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights (optional)

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