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2005 Lincoln Aviator

Midsize luxury SUV
  • Moderate overlap front

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Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
Crash avoidance rating
Crash avoidance rating
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2003-05 models

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Ford Explorer 4-door (except the Sport Trac model) and the Mercury Mountaineer were redesigned for the 2002 model year. Explorers and Mountaineers manufactured after October 2001 include structural changes to improve occupant protection in frontal offset crashes (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of a 2002 Explorer with the structural changes in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier.

The Explorer and Mountaineer have been re-engineered for the 2006 model year, and the Aviator has been dropped.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the right tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be possible. Head accelerations from the roof rail, window frame, and B-pillar hits were negligible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail, window frame, and B-pillar.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2002 Ford Explorer XLT 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,511 lbs.
Side airbags front and second row head curtain airbags
Wheelbase 114 in.
Length 189 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 4.0 L V6
EPA ratings 15 mpg city / 20 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0125
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 13
Left (cm) 15
Center (cm) 18
Right (cm) 19
Brake pedal (cm) 10
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 3
Right (cm) 3
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 7
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0125
HIC-15 202
Peak gs at hard contact negligible
Tension (kN) 1.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 18
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm) 35
Femur force - left (kN) 7.0
Femur force - right (kN) 2.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3
Knee displacement - right (mm) 5
Maximum tibia index - left 0.53
Maximum tibia index - right 0.87
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 3.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 101
Right 116
Side airbags: front and second row head curtain airbags (optional, Explorer and Mountaineer models; standard, Aviator models)
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags, if equipped, in the event of an impending rollover (optional beginning with 2002 Explorer and Mountaineer models manufacturered after March 2002, standard on Aviator)
Electronic stability control; includes roll stability control to minimize the possibility of rollover (optional on 2004 Aviator, standard on 2005 Explorer, Mountaineer, and Aviator)
Electronic stability control (optional, 2002-04 models)
Antilock brakes

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