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2015 GMC Canyon

Small pickup
Crashworthiness
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2019
G
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
P
M
2018
G
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
P
M
2017
G
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
P
M
2016
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
P
2015
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2012
A
P
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2011
A
P
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2010
A
P
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2009
A
P
P
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2008
A
P
P
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
A
P
P
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2006
A
P
P
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2005
A
P
P
M
M
Crash avoidance rating
2004
A
P
P
M
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2015-19 models

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
P
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
M
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon Crew Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market. Although the structure was reinforced starting with the 2017 model year on the driver side to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes, no such changes were made on the passenger side.

Structure

The passenger's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Lower interior intrusion measured as much 26 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Maximum upper interior intrusion measured 21 cm at the hinge pillar and 19 cm at the dashboard.

Passenger injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left and right lower legs and left and right knees would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Driver injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2019 Chevrolet Colorado LT Crew Cab
Weight 4,189 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 128 in.
Length 213 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.6 L V6
EPA ratings 18 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP1826
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 26
Footrest (cm) 24
Right toepan (cm) 13
Center toepan (cm) 9
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 15
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 21
Upper dash (cm) 19
Right lower dash (cm) 17

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP1826
Head
HIC-15 113
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 17
Femur (kN)
Left 4.9
Right 5.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 15
Right 15
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 3
Right 5
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.88
Right 1.14
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 5.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 70
Right 123

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP1826
Head
HIC-15 50
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.13
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 0.0
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.14
Right 0.20
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 1.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 34
Right 29

Applies to 2015-19 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The GMC Canyon and Chevrolet Colorado Crew Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2015 GMC Canyon SLT Crew Cab 4wd
Weight 4,469 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 141 in.
Length 225 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.6 L V6
EPA ratings 17 mpg city / 24 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1406
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 5
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1406
Head
HIC-15 210
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 2.2
Femur force - right (kN) 0.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 9
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.60
Maximum tibia index - right 0.25
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 90
Right 63

Applies to 2015-19 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon Crew Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2017 Chevrolet Colorado LT Crew Cab 2wd
Weight 4,168 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 128 in.
Length 213 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.6 L V6
EPA ratings 18 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1701
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-21.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1701
Head HIC-15 183
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 34
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 34
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.25
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.57
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.3
Combined force (kN) 3.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.9
L-M moment (Nm) 43
A-P moment (Nm) 18

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1701
Head HIC-15 85
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 42
Lateral force (kN) 2.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 35
Average deflection (mm) 30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.33
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.62
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.2
Combined force (kN) 1.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 106
A-P moment (Nm) -40

Applies to 2015-19 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 4,162 lbs
Peak force 21,460 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.16
Tested vehicle
2017 Chevrolet Colorado LT Crew Cab 2wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2015-19 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 26
Distance below top of head (mm) 34
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.5
Head contact time (ms) 60
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 15
Max neck tension (N) 414

Applies to 2015-19 models

System details

  • Optional Forward Collisiion Alert

Package name

  • Optional Driver Alert Package

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights

©1996-2018, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org