Passenger vehicle occupants | 2009

By far the largest number of motor vehicle crash deaths are occupants of passenger vehicles including cars, minivans, pickups, SUVs, and cargo/large passenger vans. The likelihood of crash death varies markedly among these vehicle types according to size. Small/light vehicles have less structure and size to absorb crash energy, so more injurious forces can reach their occupants in crashes. People in lighter vehicles are at a disadvantage in collisions with heavier vehicles. Kahane, C.J. 2003. Vehicle weight, fatality risk and crash compatibility of model year 1991-99 passenger cars and light trucks. Report no. DOT HS-809-662. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Pickups and SUVs are proportionally more likely than cars to be in fatal single-vehicle crashes, especially rollovers. However, pickups and SUVs generally are heavier than cars, so occupant deaths in SUVs and pickups are less likely to occur in multiple-vehicle crashes.

Guide to car size groups Guide to SUV size groups Guide to pickup size groups
Curb weightShadow
(overall length x width in square feet)
  Curb weight  Curb weight
≤ 8081-9091-100101-110> 110 Small≤ 3,750 lbs Small≤ 4,000 lbs
≤ 2,500 lbsMiniSmallSmallSmallMidsize Midsize3,751-4,750 lbs Large> 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity = 1/2 ton
2,501-3,000 lbsSmallSmallMidsizeMidsizeMidsize Large4,751-5,750 lbs Very large> 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity > 1/2 ton
3,001-3,500 lbsSmallMidsizeMidsizeLargeLarge Very large> 5,750 lbs or shadow > 115 sq ft  
3,501-4,000 lbsSmallMidsizeLargeLargeVery large   
> 4,000 lbsMidsizeMidsizeLargeVery largeVery large  
Note: Passenger versions of vans often referred to as minivans are classified as cars.  

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and The Polk Company's National Vehicle Population Profile.

Trends

A total of 23,437 passenger vehicle occupants died in 2009, 23 percent less than in 1975. However, the distribution of vehicle types among these crashes has changed. Car occupant deaths have declined 45 percent since 1975, while pickup occupant deaths have risen 29 percent and SUV occupant deaths are more than 9 times as high.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by vehicle type, 1975-2009

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by vehicle type, 1975-2009
YearCar occupantsPickup occupantsSUV occupantsAll passenger vehicle occupants
197525,7153,67445530,601
197626,1634,22557731,724
197726,6984,51272932,823
197827,8985,10385234,923
197927,5185,42394535,026
198027,2825,4891,12434,996
198126,4065,2361,02133,711
198223,1444,77986229,656
198322,8014,66092029,154
198423,4824,88488630,093
198523,0764,8921,02429,847
198624,8805,3341,13132,224
198725,1155,7951,26933,145
198825,8256,0891,32034,105
198925,2696,0161,37333,599
199024,4136,0321,48032,711
199122,7385,8581,52130,810
199221,8245,4761,39029,457
199322,1175,6111,55229,994
199422,6225,6041,80930,820
199523,1245,9732,00631,913
199623,4265,9282,21032,353
199723,1625,9222,41632,343
199822,3575,9042,71131,781
199922,1196,0953,01932,008
200021,9855,9963,33732,109
200121,6046,1213,52131,938
200222,0076,0584,02232,724
200321,0535,8334,46332,166
200420,5605,7164,77231,750
200519,8926,0404,84731,455
200619,0345,8774,97330,628
200717,7625,7584,97529,155
200815,6915,0214,35025,547
200914,0584,7374,24623,437

A total of 16,791 passenger vehicle drivers died in 2009, 8 percent less than in 2008 and 13 percent less than in 1975. Sixty percent of passenger vehicle driver deaths in 2009 were car drivers, 22 percent were pickup drivers, and 17 percent were SUV drivers.

Passenger vehicle driver deaths by vehicle type, 1975-2009
YearCar driversPickup driversSUV driversAll passenger vehicle drivers
Num%Num%Num%Num
197516,141832,48113270119,349
197616,385822,89014347220,091
197716,903813,07615434220,941
197818,047793,53516519222,758
197918,064783,73416596323,109
198017,848783,77616684322,991
198117,553783,68716623322,506
198215,235773,34517549319,664
198315,058783,21917575319,338
198415,786783,42217557320,299
198515,430773,44617645320,057
198616,503773,76418690321,503
198716,722754,08218765322,157
198817,183754,33219850422,884
198916,775744,36519877422,554
199016,200744,30720951421,953
199114,938734,25621943520,551
199214,337733,95820863419,573
199314,547734,10520977520,036
199414,916724,130201,140620,647
199515,323714,431211,248621,456
199615,379714,402201,399621,631
199715,317714,376201,537721,711
199815,035704,452211,686821,627
199914,809684,658211,986921,899
200014,719674,535212,0861021,819
200114,553674,641212,2651021,862
200214,897664,658212,5991222,537
200314,380654,522202,8291322,200
200414,040644,344203,1391421,952
200513,728634,642213,1711421,953
200613,235614,528213,3471621,592
200712,421604,451223,2691620,542
200811,053613,929222,9751618,266
20099,996603,684222,8681716,791

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths represented 69 percent of the 33,808 motor vehicle crash deaths in 2009.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths vs. all motor vehicle crash deaths, 1975-2009
YearPassenger vehicle occupant deathsOther deathsAll motor vehicle crash deaths
Num%Num%Num
197530,6016913,9243144,525
197631,7247013,7993045,523
197732,8236915,0553147,878
197834,9236915,4083150,331
197935,0266916,0673151,093
198034,9966816,0953251,091
198133,7116815,5903249,301
198229,6566714,2893343,945
198329,1546813,4353242,589
198430,0936814,1643244,257
198529,8476813,9783243,825
198632,2247013,8633046,087
198733,1457113,2452946,390
198834,1057212,9822847,087
198933,5997411,9832645,582
199032,7117311,8882744,599
199130,8107410,6982641,508
199229,457759,7932539,250
199329,9947510,1562540,150
199430,820769,8962440,716
199531,913769,9042441,817
199632,353779,7122342,065
199732,343779,6702342,013
199831,781779,7202341,501
199932,008779,7092341,717
200032,109779,8362341,945
200131,9387610,2582442,196
200232,7247610,2812443,005
200332,1667510,7182542,884
200431,7507411,0862642,836
200531,4557212,0552843,510
200630,6287212,0802842,708
200729,1557112,1042941,259
200825,5476811,8763237,423
200923,4376910,3713133,808

Crash types

Frontal impacts accounted for 52 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2009. Side impacts accounted for another 27 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2009
Point of principal impactCar occupantsPickup occupantsSUV occupantsAll occupants
Num%Num%Num%Num%
Frontal3,334521,479491,181436,07749
Side1,5702451717414152,51920
Rear17735524622792
Other (mostly rollover)1,34421994331,085403,49928
All*6,4251003,0451002,72610012,374100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2009
Point of principal impactCar occupantsPickup occupantsSUV occupantsAll occupants
Num%Num%Num%Num%
Frontal4,002531,09765905606,14656
Side2,9553942525407273,84035
Rear4746100612687106
Other (mostly rollover)19026647953473
All*7,6211001,6881001,51710011,043100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in all crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2009
Point of principal impactCar occupantsPickup occupantsSUV occupantsAll occupants
Num%Num%Num%Num%
Frontal7,346522,578542,0894912,23952
Side4,5273294320821196,36227
Rear6515155317249894
Other (mostly rollover)1,534111,061221,164273,84716
All*14,0581004,7371004,24610023,437100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Forty-six percent of car occupant deaths in 2009 occurred in single-vehicle crashes and 54 percent occurred in multiple-vehicle crashes. In contrast, single-vehicle crashes accounted for 64 percent of SUV occupant deaths and 64 percent of pickup occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by vehicle and crash type, 2009
Vehicle typeDeaths in single-vehicle crashesDeaths in multiple-vehicle crashesDeaths in all crashes*
Num%Num%Num
Cars6,425467,6215414,058
Pickups3,045641,688364,737
SUVs2,726641,517364,246
Other1784521755396
All passenger vehicles12,3745311,0434723,437
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Age and gender differences

Twenty-nine percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2009 were younger than 25.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by age, 2009
AgeAll occupants
Num%
< 256,88229
25-292,38910
30-341,6547
35-391,4546
40-441,4996
45-491,6817
50-541,4646
55-591,2065
60-641,0985
65-698934
≥ 703,18014
All*23,437100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Seventy-two percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2009 were drivers; 71 percent of these drivers were males.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by occupant age, type, and gender, 2009
AgeDriversAll occupants
MaleFemaleTotal*MaleFemaleTotal*
Num%Num%NumNum%Num%Num
< 16256414363951749533511,051
16-191,01067501331,5111,61363961372,575
20-241,76776564242,3322,39373862263,256
25-291,32174468261,7891,71272677282,389
30-3491972350281,2691,15570499301,654
35-3984272321281,16399769457311,454
40-4490574314261,2191,05771442291,499
45-4996471401291,3651,11967562331,681
50-5486672345281,21198067484331,464
55-5967967329331,00876463442371,206
60-64625702623088770864390361,098
65-6947767230337075336036040893
≥ 701,49666787342,2831,766561,414443,180
All*11,902714,8872916,79115,334658,0973523,437
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Nine percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths were in the second or third row; 27 percent of these were younger than 13.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by seating position and age, 2009
Age
< 1313-19≥ 20All*
Seating positionNum%Num%Num%Num
Driver001,550915,2339116,791
Front row passenger1383721173,308794,186
Second row passenger4932548725953491,940
Third row passenger51521717313199
All*75432,8721219,7748423,437
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Driver death rates

Computing driver death rates per million registered passenger vehicles allows for comparisons of fatal crash risk across vehicle groups. The computed rates reflect the influence of vehicle designs plus their patterns of use and the demographics of their drivers. Driver death rates are based on 1-3-year-old vehicles only so as to minimize the effects of vehicle aging. Rates based on fewer than 120,000 vehicle registrations are considered unreliable and are not included.

YearCar drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicle drivers
Num%Num%Num%Num%
1975 16,141 83 2,481 13 270 1 19,349 100
1976 16,385 82 2,890 14 347 2 20,091 100
1977 16,903 81 3,076 15 434 2 20,941 100
1978 18,047 79 3,535 16 519 2 22,758 100
1979 18,064 78 3,734 16 596 3 23,109 100
1980 17,848 78 3,776 16 684 3 22,991 100
1981 17,553 78 3,687 16 623 3 22,506 100
1982 15,235 77 3,345 17 549 3 19,664 100
1983 15,058 78 3,219 17 575 3 19,338 100
1984 15,786 78 3,422 17 557 3 20,299 100
1985 15,430 77 3,446 17 645 3 20,057 100
1986 16,503 77 3,764 18 690 3 21,503 100
1987 16,722 75 4,082 18 765 3 22,157 100
1988 17,183 75 4,332 19 850 4 22,884 100
1989 16,775 74 4,365 19 877 4 22,554 100
1990 16,200 74 4,307 20 951 4 21,953 100
1991 14,938 73 4,256 21 943 5 20,551 100
1992 14,337 73 3,958 20 863 4 19,573 100
1993 14,547 73 4,105 20 977 5 20,036 100
1994 14,916 72 4,130 20 1,140 6 20,647 100
1995 15,323 71 4,431 21 1,248 6 21,456 100
1996 15,379 71 4,402 20 1,399 6 21,631 100
1997 15,317 71 4,376 20 1,537 7 21,711 100
1998 15,035 70 4,452 21 1,686 8 21,627 100
1999 14,809 68 4,658 21 1,986 9 21,899 100
2000 14,719 67 4,535 21 2,086 10 21,819 100
2001 14,553 67 4,641 21 2,265 10 21,862 100
2002 14,897 66 4,658 21 2,599 12 22,537 100
2003 14,380 65 4,522 20 2,829 13 22,200 100
2004 14,040 64 4,344 20 3,139 14 21,952 100
2005 13,728 63 4,642 21 3,171 14 21,953 100
2006 13,235 61 4,528 21 3,347 16 21,592 100
2007 12,421 60 4,451 22 3,269 16 20,542 100
2008 11,053 61 3,929 22 2,975 16 18,266 100
2009 9,996 60 3,684 22 2,868 17 16,791 100

Since 1978, the overall rates of driver and occupant deaths per million registered vehicles have declined across all passenger vehicle types. Declines in death rates have been largest for SUV occupants.

Occupant deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2009
YearDriversAll occupants
CarsPickupsSUVsAll passenger vehiclesCarsPickupsSUVsAll passenger vehicles
1978155237273169235346438256
1979165246271180244350425265
1980167221287177248316494263
1981177216237182259296389265
1982155188229159231263392236
1983148188225153220263337225
1984147190143151218259218222
1985139182141144208257227213
1986128172134133196239224202
1987130178136136197248232205
1988134186121140206251198211
1989130185116138200255185208
1990122179126131188245201197
1991108169109117169229175178
199210215188108160200151165
19939713793102153187141156
199410013487104160178148161
1995103134102107160180157162
199610712798109168178150167
1997961189399153161146153
1998901198694141158141144
1999911209396138162139143
2000831178189127155135134
2001831307489125170116131
2002841237688126162122131
2003811157285122151115126
2004761076679114145103117
200579110567811714588115
200677101497311213774106
2007709544671041286999
200865873561921145285
20095771275182943972

Historically, the rates of driver deaths per million registered vehicles have been lower for the larger and heavier vehicles. This was true for cars in 2009, but not for pickups and SUVs.

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2009

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2009
 Registered vehiclesDeathsRate
CarsMini1,083,3728578
Small6,994,77254778
Midsize9,393,40046449
Large4,465,93421348
Very large2,660,3727729
All cars24,597,8501,39557
PickupsSmall1,304,9068565
Large3,699,16427173
Very large1,477,7199363
All pickups6,481,78945971
SUVsSmall2,981,76310535
Midsize5,514,76114126
Large2,032,7493919
Very large562,0491832
All SUVs11,091,32230527
All passenger vehiclesAll42,832,7762,18051

Overall, driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in 2009 were about the same for single and multiple vehicle crashes, but this pattern varied by vehicle type. In single-vehicle crashes, pickups had the highest number of deaths per registered vehicle (48 per million) in 2009. In multiple-vehicle crashes, cars had the highest number of deaths per registered vehicle (31 per million), and SUVs had the lowest number of deaths per registered vehicle (14 per million).

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by crash type, 2009
 Multiple-vehicleSingle-vehicleSingle-vehicle rolloverAll crashes
DeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRate
CarsMini5046353217168578
Small28941257371402054778
Midsize24526218231031146449
Large12728851937821348
Very large52202591047729
All cars7673162525309131,39557
PickupsSmall3124544135278565
Large8724184501143127173
Very large2215714850349363
All pickups14522314482023145971
SUVsSmall5819461522710535
Midsize6812721334614126
Large18921101263919
Very large8141018591832
All SUVs153141501474730527
All passenger vehiclesAll1,078251,09726589142,18051


Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, by crash type, 2009, for pickups and SUVs by 2WD and 4WD
 Multiple-vehicleSingle-vehicleSingle-vehicle rolloverAll crashes
2WD4WD2WD4WD2WD4WD2WD4WD
DeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRate
PickupsSmall2025112242531223283571462782345
Large5528321891479353462468391467512571
Very large413181511366051827423615507866
All pickups7926611814448165488227117342237422665
SUVsSmall332525152519211311811758444728
Midsize2814401133173911201014461318022
Large11157510141187105421291814
Very large316513316719211386321232
All SUVs751877117117781140103351463515723

Frontal impacts accounted for 16 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in multiple-vehicle crashes in 2009 compared with 7 deaths per million in side impacts and 1 death per million in rear impacts.

Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2009
 Frontal impactsSide impactsRear impactsOtherTotal
DeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRate
Cars461192471036110< 176731
Pickups10216254917114522
SUVs113102837< 14< 115314
All passenger vehicles68616301752122< 11,07825


Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2009, by passenger vehicle sizes
 Frontal impactsSide impactsRear impactsOtherTotal
DeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRate
CarsMini32301413331< 15046
Small1712490132131< 128941
Midsize149167888< 17< 124526
Large761744103< 11< 112728
Very large30112081< 10< 15220
All cars461192471036110< 176731
PickupsSmall2318540< 1223124
Large6217164513< 18724
Very large1393243212215
All pickups10216254917114522
SUVsSmall42148341415819
Midsize5191631< 10< 16812
Large147311000189
Very large5912120< 1814
All SUVs113102837< 14< 115314
All passenger vehiclesAll68616301752122< 11,07825

Frontal impacts accounted for 14 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in single-vehicle crashes in 2009 compared with 5 deaths per million in side impacts and fewer than 1 death per million in rear impacts.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2009
 Frontal impactsSide impactsRear impactsOtherTotal
DeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRate
Cars34614138613< 196462525
Pickups1572440691871331448
SUVs10091513< 126215014
All passenger vehicles60714195525< 121151,09726


Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2009, by passenger vehicle sizes
 Frontal impactsSide impactsRear impactsOtherTotal
DeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRateDeathsRate
CarsMini2220660< 1443532
Small1121677119145625737
Midsize129144144< 136421823
Large55121330< 11028519
Very large2491< 10< 10< 1259
All cars34614138613< 196462525
PickupsSmall2418652219155441
Large1052820541441218450
Very large26181393222157148
All pickups1572440691871331448
SUVsSmall3110521< 1934615
Midsize448812< 11437213
Large1680000312110
Very large916120< 10< 11018
All SUVs10091513< 126215014
All passenger vehiclesAll60714195525< 121151,09726

Rollover

A vehicle is classified as rolling over if it tips onto its side or roof at any time during the crash. The rollover may occur subsequent to a frontal or side impact with another vehicle or a fixed object. Many rollovers occur after a vehicle leaves the roadway and may lead to occupants being ejected from the vehicle, increasing the likelihood of a fatality.

YearCar drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicle drivers
Num%Num%Num%Num%
1975 16,141 83 2,481 13 270 1 19,349 100
1976 16,385 82 2,890 14 347 2 20,091 100
1977 16,903 81 3,076 15 434 2 20,941 100
1978 18,047 79 3,535 16 519 2 22,758 100
1979 18,064 78 3,734 16 596 3 23,109 100
1980 17,848 78 3,776 16 684 3 22,991 100
1981 17,553 78 3,687 16 623 3 22,506 100
1982 15,235 77 3,345 17 549 3 19,664 100
1983 15,058 78 3,219 17 575 3 19,338 100
1984 15,786 78 3,422 17 557 3 20,299 100
1985 15,430 77 3,446 17 645 3 20,057 100
1986 16,503 77 3,764 18 690 3 21,503 100
1987 16,722 75 4,082 18 765 3 22,157 100
1988 17,183 75 4,332 19 850 4 22,884 100
1989 16,775 74 4,365 19 877 4 22,554 100
1990 16,200 74 4,307 20 951 4 21,953 100
1991 14,938 73 4,256 21 943 5 20,551 100
1992 14,337 73 3,958 20 863 4 19,573 100
1993 14,547 73 4,105 20 977 5 20,036 100
1994 14,916 72 4,130 20 1,140 6 20,647 100
1995 15,323 71 4,431 21 1,248 6 21,456 100
1996 15,379 71 4,402 20 1,399 6 21,631 100
1997 15,317 71 4,376 20 1,537 7 21,711 100
1998 15,035 70 4,452 21 1,686 8 21,627 100
1999 14,809 68 4,658 21 1,986 9 21,899 100
2000 14,719 67 4,535 21 2,086 10 21,819 100
2001 14,553 67 4,641 21 2,265 10 21,862 100
2002 14,897 66 4,658 21 2,599 12 22,537 100
2003 14,380 65 4,522 20 2,829 13 22,200 100
2004 14,040 64 4,344 20 3,139 14 21,952 100
2005 13,728 63 4,642 21 3,171 14 21,953 100
2006 13,235 61 4,528 21 3,347 16 21,592 100
2007 12,421 60 4,451 22 3,269 16 20,542 100
2008 11,053 61 3,929 22 2,975 16 18,266 100
2009 9,996 60 3,684 22 2,868 17 16,791 100

A total of 8,296 passenger vehicle occupants died in rollover crashes in 2009. Nineteen percent of these did not involve any other impact.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2009
Point of principal impactCar occupantsPickup occupantsSUV occupantsAll occupants
Num%Num%Num%Num%
Frontal1,5194387039853363,30340
Side6341835216356151,37017
Rear12448549643094
None4801444920620261,58019
Other7402149422459191,73421
All*3,4971002,2501002,3841008,296100
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Crashes in which a vehicle rolled over accounted for 35 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2009 (55 percent of single-vehicle occupant crash deaths and 13 percent of multiple-vehicle occupant crash deaths).

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by crash type, 1978-2009
YearDeaths in single-vehicle crashesDeaths in multiple-vehicle crashesDeaths in all crashes*
RolloverNo rolloverRolloverNo rolloverRolloverNo rollover
Num%Num%Num%Num%Num%Num%
19787,858488,460521,477817,093929,3502725,57373
19798,010488,542521,666916,779919,6912825,33572
19808,673499,001511,588915,6799110,2822924,71471
19818,211508,188501,588915,692919,8122923,89971
19826,974497,205511,305814,158928,2822821,37472
19836,951507,079501,256813,868928,2072820,94772
19847,116507,091501,358914,528918,4742821,61972
19856,900506,779501,361814,804928,2622821,58572
19867,954527,428481,501915,341919,4552922,76971
19878,162537,363471,629915,991919,7913023,35470
19888,562537,494471,582916,4679110,1443023,96170
19898,060527,558481,620916,361919,6802923,91971
19908,068527,382481,556915,705919,6242923,08771
19917,749527,131481,5231014,407909,2723021,53870
19927,135526,693481,4921014,137908,6272920,83071
19937,002516,821491,524914,647918,5262821,46872
19947,268526,637481,6691015,246908,9372921,88371
19957,802536,940471,7081015,463909,5103022,40370
19967,903536,891471,6911015,869909,5943022,76070
19977,712536,743471,7741016,114909,4862922,85771
19987,848546,594461,8721115,467899,7203122,06169
19998,255566,502441,8391115,4128910,0943221,91468
20008,112546,841461,8001015,356909,9123122,19769
20018,375556,786451,7471015,0309010,1223221,81668
20028,724557,114451,9521214,9348810,6763322,04867
20038,462556,936451,9401214,8288810,4023221,76468
20048,525566,764442,0221214,4398810,5473321,20367
20058,730576,713432,0951313,9028710,8253420,63066
20068,790576,666431,9191313,2298710,7123519,91665
20078,429566,528441,8441312,3308710,2743518,88165
20087,541566,002441,5291310,459879,0733616,47464
20096,849555,525451,444139,599878,2963515,14165
*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Since 1978 pickups and SUVs have a consistently higher percentage of rollover deaths than cars.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover vs. no rollover crashes, 1978-2009
YearCar occupantsPickup occupantsSUV occupants
RolloverNo rolloverRolloverNo rolloverRolloverNo rollover
Num%Num%Num%Num%Num%Num%
19786,4222321,476771,989393,114615206133239
19796,4162321,102772,222413,201596306731533
19806,8622520,420752,263413,226597356538935
19816,5412519,865752,177423,059586636535835
19825,4772417,667761,935402,844605716629134
19835,3812417,420761,939422,721586096631134
19845,5252417,957762,048422,836585876629934
19855,2192317,857772,044422,848586716635334
19865,9962418,884762,371442,963567376539435
19875,9972419,118762,598453,197558246544535
19886,2272419,598762,762453,327558156250538
19895,7842319,485772,680453,336558476252638
19905,6952318,718772,713453,319559106157039
19915,4432417,295762,593443,265569346158739
19924,9442316,880772,479452,997558796351137
19934,8652217,252782,415433,196579716358137
19945,1122317,510772,393433,211571,1026170739
19955,3402317,784772,581433,392571,2576374937
19965,3232318,104772,539433,389571,4296578135
19975,1432218,019782,479423,443581,5166390037
19985,1222317,235772,537433,367571,703631,00837
19995,1742316,945772,699443,396561,901631,11837
20004,9972316,988772,529423,467582,067621,27038
20015,0282316,576772,636433,485572,159611,36239
20025,2432416,764762,715453,343552,474621,54838
20034,9162316,137772,509433,324572,658601,80540
20044,7812315,779772,519443,197562,949621,82338
20054,8302415,062762,773463,267542,909601,93840
20064,7392514,295752,781473,096532,919592,05441
20074,3992513,363752,660463,098542,929592,04641
20083,9822511,709752,368472,653532,510581,84042
20093,4972510,561752,250472,487532,384561,86244

More than three-fourths of fatal rollovers are single-vehicle crashes.[ Error ] The remaining facts will concentrate on single-vehicle rollovers.

YearCar drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicle drivers
Num%Num%Num%Num%
1975 16,141 83 2,481 13 270 1 19,349 100
1976 16,385 82 2,890 14 347 2 20,091 100
1977 16,903 81 3,076 15 434 2 20,941 100
1978 18,047 79 3,535 16 519 2 22,758 100
1979 18,064 78 3,734 16 596 3 23,109 100
1980 17,848 78 3,776 16 684 3 22,991 100
1981 17,553 78 3,687 16 623 3 22,506 100
1982 15,235 77 3,345 17 549 3 19,664 100
1983 15,058 78 3,219 17 575 3 19,338 100
1984 15,786 78 3,422 17 557 3 20,299 100
1985 15,430 77 3,446 17 645 3 20,057 100
1986 16,503 77 3,764 18 690 3 21,503 100
1987 16,722 75 4,082 18 765 3 22,157 100
1988 17,183 75 4,332 19 850 4 22,884 100
1989 16,775 74 4,365 19 877 4 22,554 100
1990 16,200 74 4,307 20 951 4 21,953 100
1991 14,938 73 4,256 21 943 5 20,551 100
1992 14,337 73 3,958 20 863 4 19,573 100
1993 14,547 73 4,105 20 977 5 20,036 100
1994 14,916 72 4,130 20 1,140 6 20,647 100
1995 15,323 71 4,431 21 1,248 6 21,456 100
1996 15,379 71 4,402 20 1,399 6 21,631 100
1997 15,317 71 4,376 20 1,537 7 21,711 100
1998 15,035 70 4,452 21 1,686 8 21,627 100
1999 14,809 68 4,658 21 1,986 9 21,899 100
2000 14,719 67 4,535 21 2,086 10 21,819 100
2001 14,553 67 4,641 21 2,265 10 21,862 100
2002 14,897 66 4,658 21 2,599 12 22,537 100
2003 14,380 65 4,522 20 2,829 13 22,200 100
2004 14,040 64 4,344 20 3,139 14 21,952 100
2005 13,728 63 4,642 21 3,171 14 21,953 100
2006 13,235 61 4,528 21 3,347 16 21,592 100
2007 12,421 60 4,451 22 3,269 16 20,542 100
2008 11,053 61 3,929 22 2,975 16 18,266 100
2009 9,996 60 3,684 22 2,868 17 16,791 100

A total of 6,849 passenger vehicle occupants died in single-vehicle rollover crashes in 2009, 9 percent less than in 2008 and 13 percent less than in 1978.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes, 1978-2009
YearCar driversPickup driversSUV driversAll passenger vehicle driversAll passenger vehicle occupants
19783,7101,1402715,3237,858
19793,6101,2633295,3968,010
19803,9951,3094065,8958,673
19813,8261,2913645,6878,211
19823,2221,1623124,8286,974
19833,1691,1203194,7326,951
19843,2521,2263314,9647,116
19853,0761,2023604,7736,900
19863,4741,4013755,4007,954
19873,4271,5354035,5288,162
19883,6751,6564475,9258,562
19893,3091,6294635,5518,060
19903,2911,5634865,4778,068
19913,0921,5954705,2827,749
19922,8001,4924424,8487,135
19932,6641,4624944,7297,002
19942,8261,4035224,8797,268
19953,0051,5566025,2847,802
19962,9321,5147205,2947,903
19972,8181,4697545,1787,712
19982,8571,5458085,3287,848
19992,8661,6679995,6448,255
20002,7951,5261,0355,4668,112
20012,8361,6511,0635,6548,375
20022,9771,6681,2245,9678,724
20032,7551,5951,3315,7898,462
20042,7061,5401,4905,8538,525
20052,7611,7111,4786,0748,730
20062,7641,7541,5556,1988,790
20072,6331,6831,5165,9348,429
20082,3541,5371,3985,3807,541
20092,0951,4791,2754,9016,849

Single-vehicle rollover crashes accounted for 46 percent of occupant deaths in SUVs in 2009, compared with 40 percent of occupant deaths in pickups and 21 percent in cars.

Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all occupant deaths, 2009
 DriversAll occupants
Single-vehicle rolloverAll crashesSingle-vehicle rolloverAll crashes
Num%NumNum%Num
CarsMini1111667614216887
Small693223,161940224,369
Midsize677223,097966224,331
Large470212,291667203,300
Very large1221964716617997
All cars2,095219,9962,9162114,058
PickupsSmall416331,245508331,533
Large742421,779971422,329
Very large2655151635351698
All pickups1,479403,6841,899404,737
SUVsSmall26136730366361,021
Midsize747481,5551,106482,293
Large1634437427547589
Very large874718616453312
All SUVs1,275442,8681,932464,246
All passenger vehiclesAll4,9012916,7916,8492923,437


Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all driver deaths, 2009, by 2WD and 4WD for pickups and SUVs
 2WD4WD
Single-vehicle rolloverAll crashesSingle-vehicle rolloverAll crashes
Num%NumNum%Num
PickupsSmall2663089015042355
Large371351,05737151722
Very large534212521254391
All pickups696332,091735501,472
SUVsSmall793224918238481
Midsize3335264341445912
Large68441559543219
Very large4157724640114
All SUVs521471,119745431,735
Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all occupant deaths, 2009, by 2WD and 4WD for pickups and SUVs
 2WD4WD
Single-vehicle rolloverAll crashesSingle-vehicle rolloverAll crashes
Num%NumNum%Num
PickupsSmall322301,08718642446
Large482351,38448952945
Very large714117428254524
All pickups882332,668960501,921
SUVsSmall1153335325138668
Midsize50953968597451,325
Large1204725515546334
Very large67571189750194
All SUVs811481,6941,109442,532

Since 1978, driver death rates for single-vehicle rollover crashes have declined across all passenger vehicle types, particularly for SUVs. Single-vehicle crashes involving rollover accounted for 14 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in 2009.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2009
YearCar driversPickup driversSUV driversAll passenger vehicles
1978327814141
1979319015543
1980378316847
1981357613744
1982316512938
1983296212635
198427726934
198525617332
198624706232
198724686733
198826705534
198924686033
199025686034
199123665431
199220564027
199319505126
199419423725
199520494527
199624475531
199721444327
199821434328
199920494729
200018464227
200118533627
200219523628
200316473425
200415443023
200516462423
200615441921
200714381619
200813321216
20091331714


References