Teenagers | 2016

In the United States, teenagers drive less than all but the oldest people, but their numbers of crashes and crash deaths are disproportionately high. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 2013. [Unpublished analysis of 2008 data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's National Household Travel Survey, General Estimates System, and Fatality Analysis Reporting System]. Arlington, VA. In the United States, the fatal crash rate per mile driven for 16-19 year-olds is nearly 3 times the rate for drivers ages 20 and over. Risk is highest at ages 16-17. In fact, the fatal crash rate per mile driven is nearly twice as high for 16-17 year-olds as it is for 18-19 year-olds.

Beginning in the mid-1990s, all states adopted graduated licensing systems, which phase in full driving privileges. National studies of graduated licensing found that strong laws were associated with substantially lower fatal crash rates and substantially lower insurance claim rates among young teen drivers covered by the laws. Strong restrictions on nighttime driving and teen passengers, as well as raising the licensing age, reduced rates of fatal crashes and insurance collision claims. McCartt, A.T.; Teoh, E.R.; Fields, M.; Braitman, K.A.; and Hellinga, L.A. 2010. Graduated licensing laws and fatal crashes of teenage drivers: a national study. Traffic Injury Prevention 11:240-48. Trempel, R.E. 2009. Graduated driver licensing laws and insurance collision claim frequencies of teenage drivers. Arlington, VA: Highway Loss Data Institute.

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).

Posted December 2017.

Trends

A total of 2,820 teenagers ages 13-19 died in motor vehicle crashes in 2016. This is 68 percent fewer than in 1975 and 3 percent more than in 2015. About 2 of every 3 teenagers killed in crashes in 2016 were males. Since 1975, teenage crash deaths have decreased more among males (72 percent) than among females (57 percent).

Motor vehicle crash deaths among 13-19 year-olds by gender, 1975-2016
Year Male FemaleTotal*
Number%Number%Number%
1975 6,532 75 2,215 25 8,748 100
1976 6,826 73 2,530 27 9,356 100
1977 6,983 72 2,650 28 9,633 100
1978 7,295 73 2,645 27 9,940 100
1979 7,280 73 2,639 27 9,920 100
1980 6,932 73 2,591 27 9,524 100
1981 6,014 72 2,301 28 8,315 100
1982 5,354 73 1,969 27 7,323 100
1983 4,850 71 1,955 29 6,805 100
1984 4,947 71 2,005 29 6,952 100
1985 4,715 70 2,022 30 6,737 100
1986 5,280 71 2,182 29 7,466 100
1987 5,107 70 2,186 30 7,293 100
1988 5,036 70 2,204 30 7,242 100
1989 4,528 68 2,158 32 6,688 100
1990 4,420 69 1,944 31 6,364 100
1991 3,891 68 1,867 32 5,760 100
1992 3,495 67 1,713 33 5,215 100
1993 3,678 68 1,742 32 5,421 100
1994 3,770 67 1,859 33 5,632 100
1995 3,702 65 1,970 35 5,675 100
1996 3,855 66 1,963 34 5,819 100
1997 3,715 65 2,014 35 5,730 100
1998 3,649 65 1,960 35 5,610 100
1999 3,745 65 2,007 35 5,752 100
2000 3,759 66 1,925 34 5,685 100
2001 3,735 67 1,859 33 5,594 100
2002 3,939 66 2,015 34 5,954 100
2003 3,772 66 1,946 34 5,718 100
2004 3,696 65 1,948 35 5,645 100
2005 3,496 66 1,803 34 5,300 100
2006 3,415 66 1,744 34 5,159 100
2007 3,280 66 1,701 34 4,981 100
2008 2,694 66 1,373 34 4,070 100
2009 2,222 64 1,257 36 3,480 100
2010 2,034 65 1,087 35 3,121 100
2011 1,991 66 1,041 34 3,033 100
2012 1,863 66 972 34 2,837 100
2013 1,661 65 880 35 2,543 100
2014 1,802 69 828 31 2,630 100
2015 1,811 66 935 34 2,747 100
2016 1,858 66 961 34 2,820 100

In 2016, teenagers accounted for 8 percent of motor vehicle crash deaths. They comprised 9 percent of passenger vehicle (cars, pickups, SUVs, and vans) occupant deaths among all ages, 5 percent of pedestrian deaths, 3 percent of motorcyclist deaths, 8 percent of bicyclist deaths and 15 percent of all-terrain vehicle rider deaths.

Teenage motor vehicle crash deaths as percent of all motor vehicle crash deaths, 2016
Death typeTeen crash deathsCrash deaths for all ages% Teen crash deaths of all crash deaths
Passenger vehicle occupant 2,150 23,793 9
Pedestrian 319 5,987 5
Motorcyclist 167 4,976 3
Bicyclist 67 835 8
All-terrain vehicle riders 51 351 15
Other 66 1,519 4
Total 2,820 37,461 8

Seventy-six percent of teenage crash deaths in 2016 were passenger vehicle occupants. The others were pedestrians (11 percent), motorcyclists (6 percent), bicyclists (2 percent), riders of all-terrain vehicles (2 percent) and people in other kinds of vehicles (2 percent). The percentage of crash deaths that were passenger vehicle occupants is lowest for age 13 (52 percent) and highest for age 17 (84 percent).

Teenage motor vehicle crash deaths by type and age, 2016
AgePassenger vehicle occupantsMotorcyclists Pedestrians Bicyclists All-terrain vehicle riders Other Total motor vehicle deaths
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
13 45 52 1 1 20 23 9 10 6 7 5 6 86 100
14 60 48 4 3 30 24 16 13 7 6 7 6 124 100
15 125 63 8 4 36 18 8 4 8 4 12 6 197 100
16 281 77 11 3 51 14 7 2 7 2 10 3 367 100
17 438 84 18 3 41 8 11 2 4 1 12 2 524 100
18 600 81 48 6 69 9 7 1 7 1 9 1 740 100
19 601 77 77 10 72 9 9 1 12 2 11 1 782 100
Total 2,150 76 167 6 319 11 67 2 51 2 66 2 2,820 100

In 2015, the latest year for which data are available, motor vehicle crashes were the leading cause of death among 13-19 year-old males and females in the United States. National Centers for Injury Prevention and Control. 2016. Leading causes of death reports, national and regional, 1999 - 2015. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available: http://webappa.cdc.gov/sasweb/ncipc/leadcaus10_us.html.

Leading causes of death among U.S. teenagers by gender, 2015
Cause of death Male FemaleTotal
Motor vehicles 1,811 923 2,734
Suicide 1,724 648 2,372
Homicide 1,444 240 1,684
Cancer 477 339 816

Passenger vehicle occupants

In 2016, 56 percent of deaths among passenger vehicle occupants ages 16-19 were drivers.

Teenage passenger vehicle occupant deaths by age and seating position, 2016
AgeDriver PassengerTotal*
Number%Number%Number%
13 2 4 43 96 45 100
14 6 10 54 90 60 100
15 27 22 98 78 125 100
16 149 53 129 46 281 100
17 256 58 179 41 438 100
18 385 64 212 35 600 100
19 382 64 215 36 601 100
Total 1,207 56 930 43 2,150 100

In 2016, 55 percent of the deaths of teenage passengers in passenger vehicles occurred in vehicles driven by another teenager. Among deaths of passengers of all ages, 13 percent occurred when a teenager was driving.

Passenger vehicle passenger deaths by passenger age and driver age, 2016
Passenger ageDriver AgeAll ages
13-19 years 20-24 years 25-29 years 30-59 years 60-69 years ≥70 yearsUnknown
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number
<13 40 6 102 14 144 20 399 56 18 3 10 1 5 1 718
13-19 511 55 206 22 46 5 144 15 5 1 7 1 9 1 930
20-24 117 14 435 51 152 18 133 16 3<1 1<1 10 1 851
25-29 21 4 139 24 220 38 183 31 7 1 4 1 7 1 581
30-59 80 5 151 9 255 15 1,066 61 118 7 53 3 15 1 1,739
60-69 13 3 15 3 15 3 178 40 147 33 71 16 3 1 442
70+ 7 1 9 1 15 2 210 23 139 15 533 58 3<1 916
Unknown 4 22 1 6 1 6 9 50 1 6 1 6 1 6 18
All ages 793 13 1,058 17 848 14 2,322 37 438 7 680 11 53 1 6,195

In 2016, belt use among fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers age 16 (50 percent), 17 (52 percent) and 18 (52 percent) was higher than among fatally injured drivers age 19 (41 percent), and those ages 20-59 (41 percent), but lower than among drivers 60 and older combined (62 percent). Among fatally injured 16-19 year-old occupants, belt use among passengers (35 percent) was considerably lower than among drivers (49 percent). Note that belt use among those fatally injured is not always accurately recorded, but it gives an indication of relative belt use rates in serious crashes by age group.

Safety belt use among fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants by age and seating position, 2016
AgeDrivers Passengers
Belt used Unbelted Unknown Belt used Unbelted Unknown
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
13 1 50 1 5000 15 35 24 56 4 9
14 1 17 5 8300 17 31 33 61 4 7
15 15 56 11 41 1 4 31 32 56 57 11 11
16 74 50 59 40 16 11 42 33 76 59 11 9
17 132 52 105 41 19 7 58 32 102 57 19 11
18 200 52 168 44 17 4 81 38 110 52 21 10
19 158 41 187 49 37 10 75 35 113 53 27 13
20-24 925 40 1,134 49 237 10 281 33 472 55 98 12
25-29 730 38 999 52 206 11 188 32 317 55 76 13
30-59 3,290 44 3,523 48 602 8 670 39 916 53 153 9
60-69 1,161 57 725 36 156 8 288 65 119 27 35 8
70+ 1,734 66 751 29 147 6 671 73 186 20 59 6

Among passenger vehicle drivers ages 16-19 involved in fatal crashes in 2016, 46 percent were involved in single-vehicle crashes. This was higher than for drivers ages 25 and older (36 percent). 

Passenger vehicle drivers in fatal crashes by age and crash type, 2016
Single vehicle Multiple vehicleAll crashes
Number%Number%Number%
16-19 1,383 46 1,625 54 3,008 100
20-24 2,464 44 3,114 56 5,578 100
25-29 1,988 41 2,903 59 4,891 100
30-59 6,890 37 11,661 63 18,551 100
60-69 1,487 35 2,812 65 4,299 100
70+ 1,254 29 2,998 71 4,252 100

Population and mileage rates

From 1975 to 2016, the rate of passenger vehicle drivers involved in fatal crashes per 100,000 people declined by 63 percent for teenagers ages 16-19 (from 47.6 to 17.8), 44 percent for people ages 20-34 (from 38.7 to 21.6), 35 percent for people ages 35-69 (from 20.5 to 13.3), and 15 percent for people 70 and older (from 15.4 to 13.1). The teenage passenger vehicle driver fatal crash involvement rate increased in 2016 for the second year in a row, and was 3 percent higher than the rate in 2015.

Passenger vehicle drivers involved in fatal crashes per 100,000 people by age group, 1975-2016
16-19 years 20-34 years 35-69 years 70+ years
PopulationNumberRatePopulationNumberRatePopulationNumberRatePopulationNumberRate
1975 17,016,355 8,09447.6 50,998,09819,71538.7 74,764,82915,32520.5 14,563,945 2,24915.4
1976 17,194,079 8,45749.2 52,745,00519,84737.6 75,419,92115,12720.1 14,960,120 2,39516.0
1977 17,276,153 8,96851.9 54,497,44821,53039.5 76,203,08315,71020.6 15,401,249 2,38715.5
1978 17,287,835 9,29753.8 55,909,06323,28441.6 77,348,22216,32321.1 15,876,541 2,52415.9
1979 17,242,116 9,24053.6 57,499,19723,99141.7 78,311,10716,07520.5 16,388,617 2,38614.6
1980 17,112,117 8,63750.5 58,814,39123,95740.7 79,111,52216,00220.2 16,897,977 2,37514.1
1981 16,756,984 7,80046.5 60,563,41623,75839.2 79,785,59116,13120.2 17,322,714 2,48714.4
1982 16,280,287 6,50940.0 61,099,52420,84834.1 81,488,90214,49117.8 17,783,888 2,52214.2
1983 15,783,684 6,25339.6 61,840,15419,95532.3 82,861,20414,45917.4 18,233,751 2,57414.1
1984 15,257,750 6,46442.4 62,491,25520,96433.5 84,256,66115,07917.9 18,662,938 2,77014.8
1985 14,969,843 6,27641.9 62,961,15420,83733.1 85,628,41015,26517.8 19,072,785 3,00515.8
1986 14,981,380 7,01746.8 63,115,88922,00834.9 87,205,53715,73618.0 19,463,480 3,23516.6
1987 15,172,917 7,02146.3 63,032,29822,38735.5 88,808,04616,74918.9 19,890,817 3,37617.0
1988 15,159,185 7,24947.8 62,784,73922,36735.6 90,464,40617,50119.3 20,302,280 3,62317.8
1989 14,874,579 6,90646.4 62,494,05621,27334.0 92,250,76217,78019.3 20,719,397 3,63117.5
1990 14,424,509 6,35644.1 62,282,68320,71533.3 94,140,10817,57918.7 21,164,283 3,68817.4
1991 13,935,348 5,71841.0 62,025,75019,07330.8 96,068,11116,36617.0 21,751,897 3,76917.3
1992 13,720,071 5,23138.1 61,427,10017,84629.1 98,214,53916,37716.7 22,321,217 3,83417.2
1993 13,874,164 5,43439.2 60,582,33217,69129.2 100,399,64817,02417.0 22,800,673 4,14618.2
1994 14,128,177 5,77340.9 59,629,35117,67229.6 102,541,52517,51417.1 23,243,845 4,32518.6
1995 14,401,118 5,87440.8 58,712,40717,91130.5 104,712,32818,86918.0 23,693,757 4,50519.0
1996 14,907,191 6,02140.4 57,753,91017,73830.7 106,975,95319,26618.0 24,056,323 4,56319.0
1997 15,257,453 5,94739.0 57,046,56916,84729.5 109,232,42619,70818.0 24,408,817 4,82319.8
1998 15,649,272 5,93837.9 56,421,05316,27128.8 111,331,19520,03118.0 24,793,551 4,80819.4
1999 15,927,464 6,15838.7 55,961,40116,15428.9 113,451,31219,58517.3 25,092,805 4,80619.2
2000 16,192,473 6,04137.3 58,971,70916,44427.9 117,114,73919,96617.0 25,559,879 4,57417.9
2001 16,232,934 5,98336.9 59,465,06616,28427.4 119,060,43620,28717.0 25,797,467 4,64918.0
2002 16,287,999 6,13437.7 60,046,06816,68627.8 120,913,20720,35816.8 26,005,326 4,54317.5
2003 16,344,596 5,74535.1 60,599,35016,32926.9 122,772,57820,79916.9 26,200,946 4,64417.7
2004 16,518,068 5,72434.7 61,003,24016,40126.9 124,762,84820,50916.4 26,337,518 4,35516.5
2005 16,652,533 5,36032.2 61,180,77216,51627.0 126,831,71421,00416.6 26,658,669 4,23715.9
2006 16,996,219 5,27031.0 61,527,21916,23726.4 128,907,36120,15215.6 26,884,798 4,06415.1
2007 17,208,807 4,97028.9 61,623,32215,62425.4 130,500,56619,69615.1 27,135,517 4,00414.8
2008 17,314,417 4,04623.4 61,990,54613,69622.1 131,908,05817,86813.5 27,521,034 3,73913.6
2009 17,404,102 3,62020.8 63,105,88112,33819.6 132,693,70816,67112.6 27,786,270 3,56512.8
2010 17,797,523 3,23418.2 62,649,94712,06619.3 134,995,31416,20412.0 27,832,721 3,63013.0
2011 17,487,207 2,97717.0 63,944,33011,96018.7 136,282,08515,82811.6 28,520,353 3,55212.5
2012 17,216,688 2,91716.9 64,892,52412,49319.3 137,348,71316,52812.0 29,168,003 3,65112.5
2013 17,011,519 2,58415.2 65,640,02512,17818.6 138,145,37016,40511.9 30,095,357 3,65612.1
2014 16,903,924 2,62215.5 66,428,67812,20518.4 139,374,83116,25111.7 30,917,945 3,72012.0
2015 16,859,161 2,92417.3 66,876,51513,44420.1 140,723,23118,04312.8 31,693,384 3,94412.4
2016 16,933,008 3,00817.8 67,058,27114,47921.6 141,540,06218,84013.3 32,424,112 4,25213.1

The rate of deaths per 100,000 people in 2016 peaked at ages 20-24 for male drivers (14.7) and at age 19 for male passengers (6.3). Death rates peaked at age 18 for female drivers (6.3) and at age 18 for female passengers (4.7).

Deaths in passenger vehicles per 100,000 people by seating position, age and gender, 2016
Age Male FemaleTotal
PopulationDriver deathsPassenger deathsPopulationDriver deathsPassenger deathsPopulationDriver deathsPassenger deaths
NumberRateNumberRateNumberRateNumberRateNumberRateNumberRate
<13 26,952,933 0 0.0 347 1.3 25,818,702 0 0.0 371 1.4 52,771,635 0 0.0 718 1.4
13 2,095,103 2 0.1 27 1.3 2,014,600 0 0.0 16 0.8 4,109,703 2 0.0 43 1.0
14 2,087,472 4 0.2 27 1.3 2,006,259 2 0.1 27 1.3 4,093,731 6 0.1 54 1.3
15 2,142,150 17 0.8 51 2.4 2,054,841 10 0.5 47 2.3 4,196,991 27 0.6 98 2.3
16 2,181,141 98 4.5 73 3.3 2,084,083 51 2.4 56 2.7 4,265,224 149 3.5 129 3.0
17 2,150,416 169 7.9 96 4.5 2,054,585 87 4.2 83 4.0 4,205,001 256 6.1 179 4.3
18 2,158,502 256 11.9 116 5.4 2,060,801 129 6.3 96 4.7 4,219,303 385 9.1 212 5.0
19 2,169,637 268 12.4 137 6.3 2,073,843 113 5.4 78 3.8 4,243,480 381 9.0 215 5.1
20-24 11,491,065 1,685 14.7 504 4.4 10,889,963 609 5.6 347 3.2 22,381,028 2,294 10.2 851 3.8
25-29 11,631,474 1,418 12.2 331 2.8 11,259,410 516 4.6 250 2.2 22,890,884 1,934 8.4 581 2.5
30-59 62,910,572 5,311 8.4 879 1.4 64,112,730 2,103 3.3 860 1.3 127,023,302 7,414 5.8 1,739 1.4
60-69 17,252,551 1,416 8.2 147 0.9 19,050,568 625 3.3 295 1.5 36,303,119 2,041 5.6 442 1.2
70+ 13,855,907 1,773 12.8 272 2.0 18,568,205 859 4.6 644 3.5 32,424,112 2,632 8.1 916 2.8

The rate of fatal passenger vehicle crash involvements per 100 million miles traveled in 2008 was highest at ages 16-19 for male drivers and at ages 80 and over for female drivers. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 2013. [Unpublished analysis of 2008 data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's National Household Travel Survey, General Estimates System, and Fatality Analysis Reporting System]. Arlington, VA.

Fatal passenger vehicle crash involvements per 100 million miles traveled by driver age and gender, 2008
AgeMale FemaleTotal*
Crash involvementsMilesRateCrash involvementsMilesRateCrash involvementsMilesRate
16-19 2,747 47,101,113,156 5.8 1,292 40,725,999,996 3.2 4,040 87,827,113,152 4.6
20-24 4,193 77,399,337,458 5.4 1,565 72,769,745,568 2.2 5,758 150,169,083,027 3.8
25-29 3,215 67,099,358,786 4.8 1,251 58,685,808,506 2.1 4,467 125,785,167,292 3.6
30-59 12,269 885,054,888,347 1.4 5,676 559,809,444,138 1.0 17,945 1,444,864,332,485 1.2
60-69 2,196 158,220,245,972 1.4 1,014 102,579,182,791 1.0 3,211 260,799,428,763 1.2
70-79 1,502 62,438,473,280 2.4 714 31,872,100,686 2.2 2,217 94,310,573,966 2.4
80+ 996 18,049,881,189 5.5 518 9,557,947,978 5.4 1,514 27,607,829,167 5.5

The rate of nighttime fatal passenger vehicle crash involvements per 100 million miles traveled in 2008 was almost 4 times higher for male drivers ages 16-19 than for male drivers ages 30-59. The corresponding comparison for females yields almost 3 times the rate. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 2013. [Unpublished analysis of 2008 data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's National Household Travel Survey, General Estimates System, and Fatality Analysis Reporting System]. Arlington, VA.

Nighttime (9 p.m.-6 a.m.) fatal passenger vehicle crash involvements per 100 million miles traveled by driver age and gender, 2008
AgeMale Female
Crash involvementsMilesRateCrash involvementsMilesRate
16-19 1,184 7,663,933,983 15.4 446 5,398,409,200 8.3
20-24 2,187 12,530,755,316 17.5 630 9,663,223,642 6.5
25-29 1,597 9,202,553,882 17.4 393 4,810,780,195 8.2
30-59 4,173 102,327,055,851 4.1 1,312 41,436,562,572 3.2
60-69 386 12,203,313,867 3.2 117 5,213,924,030 2.2
70+ 237 3,619,562,393 6.5 58 1,476,546,549 3.9

When teenagers died

In 2016, teenage crash deaths occurred most often in June. May, July, August, October and November also saw elevated crash deaths among teens.

Teenage motor vehicle crash deaths by month, 2016
MonthDeaths%
January 172 6
February 189 7
March 230 8
April 209 7
May 255 9
June 275 10
July 253 9
August 261 9
September 236 8
October 252 9
November 251 9
December 237 8
Total 2,820 100

Fifty-three percent of motor vehicle crash deaths among teenagers in 2016 occurred on Friday, Saturday or Sunday.

Teenage motor vehicle crash deaths by day of week, 2016
Day of weekDeaths%
Sunday 496 18
Monday 391 14
Tuesday 288 10
Wednesday 325 12
Thursday 329 12
Friday 453 16
Saturday 538 19
Total 2,820 100

Teenage motor vehicle crash deaths in 2016 occurred most frequently from 9 p.m. to midnight (18 percent), followed closely by the time between 6 and 9 p.m. (16 percent) and between 3 and 6 p.m. (15 percent).

Teenage motor vehicle crash deaths by time of day, 2016
Time of dayDeaths%
Midnight - 3 a.m. 409 15
3 a.m. - 6 a.m. 250 9
6 a.m. - 9 a.m. 299 11
9 a.m. - noon 177 6
Noon - 3 p.m. 291 10
3 p.m. - 6 p.m. 414 15
6 p.m. - 9 p.m. 448 16
9 p.m. - midnight 512 18
Total* 2,820 100

Alcohol involvement

Young drivers are less likely than adults to drive after drinking alcohol, but their crash risk is substantially higher when they do. This is especially true at low and moderate blood alcohol concentrations (BACs).  Voas, R.B.; Torres, P.; Romano, E.; and Lacey, J.H. 2012. Alcohol-related risk of driver fatalities: an update using 2007 data. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 73(3):341-350. The estimated percentage of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers ages 16-17 who had BACs at or above 0.08 percent in 2016 was 12 percent, down 71 percent since 1982. Most of this decline took place in the 1980s. This age group experienced the greatest decline in alcohol involvement, compared with a 56 percent decline for drivers ages 18-20, a 33 percent decline for drivers ages 21-30, and a 42 percent decline for drivers older than 30.

Estimated percent and number of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08 percent by age group, 1982-2016
Year16-17 years18-20 years21-30 years>30 years
Drivers killedEstimated drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08Drivers killedEstimated drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08Drivers killedEstimated drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08Drivers killedEstimated drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08
NumberNumber%NumberNumber%NumberNumber%NumberNumber%
1982 895 368 41 2,561 1,458 57 6,244 3,948 63 9,861 4,208 43
1983 899 345 38 2,427 1,336 55 6,053 3,859 64 9,845 3,943 40
1984 969 321 33 2,472 1,274 52 6,413 3,885 61 10,337 3,860 37
1985 935 250 27 2,292 1,009 44 6,263 3,659 58 10,441 3,713 36
1986 1,172 336 29 2,464 1,158 47 6,695 3,974 59 11,042 3,887 35
1987 1,192 311 26 2,438 1,004 41 6,802 3,975 58 11,579 4,016 35
1988 1,177 302 26 2,611 1,056 40 6,819 3,991 59 12,145 4,203 35
1989 1,060 234 22 2,476 991 40 6,475 3,675 57 12,401 4,272 34
1990 999 224 22 2,398 974 41 6,152 3,510 57 12,274 4,238 35
1991 902 193 21 2,119 852 40 5,623 3,183 57 11,801 3,993 34
1992 900 165 18 1,797 664 37 5,122 2,759 54 11,639 3,823 33
1993 935 152 16 1,870 643 34 5,065 2,658 52 12,038 3,851 32
1994 1,006 167 17 1,984 632 32 4,975 2,484 50 12,525 3,771 30
1995 1,015 150 15 1,968 575 29 5,081 2,585 51 13,247 4,155 31
1996 1,106 186 17 1,920 583 30 4,989 2,475 50 13,478 4,070 30
1997 1,090 180 17 1,946 594 31 4,775 2,275 48 13,777 4,004 29
1998 1,059 161 15 2,035 607 30 4,577 2,222 49 13,839 3,930 28
1999 1,092 172 16 2,169 677 31 4,653 2,260 49 13,870 3,866 28
2000 999 158 16 2,251 686 30 4,706 2,268 48 13,743 3,997 29
2001 993 132 13 2,254 691 31 4,735 2,358 50 13,790 4,005 29
2002 1,126 155 14 2,326 718 31 4,938 2,462 50 14,006 4,020 29
2003 994 159 16 2,266 699 31 4,852 2,308 48 13,957 3,930 28
2004 969 149 15 2,206 665 30 4,970 2,372 48 13,689 3,743 27
2005 879 132 15 2,106 603 29 5,067 2,492 49 13,809 3,852 28
2006 859 151 18 2,161 680 31 5,159 2,535 49 13,321 3,779 28
2007 775 133 17 1,953 633 32 5,028 2,592 52 12,697 3,675 29
2008 580 91 16 1,712 535 31 4,388 2,327 53 11,528 3,308 29
2009 503 69 14 1,546 540 35 3,870 2,020 52 10,869 3,156 29
2010 410 58 14 1,265 380 30 3,697 1,816 49 10,613 2,914 27
2011 422 78 18 1,300 410 32 3,612 1,747 48 10,193 2,820 28
2012 390 60 15 1,234 376 30 3,748 1,803 48 10,505 2,958 28
2013 302 31 10 1,079 328 30 3,671 1,788 49 10,492 2,958 28
2014 344 50 15 1,090 294 27 3,636 1,707 47 10,384 2,849 27
2015 381 53 14 1,210 295 24 3,860 1,658 43 11,134 2,901 26
2016 405 49 12 1,178 290 25 4,177 1,762 42 11,732 2,913 25

Among fatally injured teenage drivers in 2016, females were less likely than males to have high BACs. Among fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers ages 16-17, 13 percent of males and 11 percent of females had BACs at or above 0.08 percent. Among fatally injured drivers ages 18-19, 25 percent of males and 13 percent of females had BACs at or above 0.08 percent.

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08 percent by gender and age, 2016
Age Male FemaleTotal*
Drivers killedEstimated drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08Drivers killedEstimated drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08Drivers killedEstimated drivers with BACs ≥ 0.08
NumberNumber%NumberNumber%NumberNumber%
16-17 267 33 13 138 16 11 405 49 12
18-19 524 129 25 242 33 13 767 162 21
20 297 99 33 114 28 24 411 127 31
21-30 3,075 1,392 45 1,099 370 34 4,177 1,762 42
31-60 5,208 1,957 38 2,083 500 24 7,292 2,458 34
61-70 1,352 246 18 603 48 8 1,956 294 15
>70 1,671 124 7 813 38 5 2,484 162 7
All ages* 12,422 3,987 32 5,107 1,033 20 17,538 5,024 29

References