• November 10, 2015

    Good head restraints cut injuries

    An updated HLDI-IIHS analysis shows that injury rates are 11 percent lower in rear crashes when vehicles are equipped with good head restraints compared with poor ones.

    Volume 50, Number 9
  • March 15, 2008

    Good rear ratings mean less whiplash

    The rate of neck injury complaints is lower in cars and SUVs with seat/head restraint combinations that are rated good by the Institute than those rated poor.

    Volume 43, Number 2
  • August 4, 2007

    Head restraints make big strides

    Cars and SUVs have shown big improvements in their head restraints and seats since the Institute first started evaluating them, but pickups and minivans lag behind.

    Volume 42, Number 8
  • January 31, 2005

    New rule will improve head restraints

    A new federal requirement will force automakers to improve the position of head restraints to better protect occupants from whiplash injuries.

    Volume 40, Number 2
  • November 20, 2004

    Dynamic head restraint testing begins

    The Institute has rated 73 seat/head restraint combinations for rear crash protection using a new dynamic test and a special dummy.

    Volume 39, Number 10 | Special Issue: protection against neck injury in rear crashes
  • November 20, 2004

    Cars sold in Europe earn better ratings

    Among seat/head restraints the Institute evaluated in dynamic tests, more are rated poor overallthan good or acceptable. Proportions are better in Europe.

    Volume 39, Number 10 | Special Issue: protection against neck injury in rear crashes
  • September 25, 2003

    Head restraints are improving

    When the Institute began rating head restraints in 1995, only 3 percent of vehicles had good ones. By 2003, that number was up to 45 percent.

    Volume 38, Number 9
  • September 25, 2003

    Few drivers adjust head restraints

    Although automakers are improving head restraints, many people aren't benefiting from the changes because they leave their adjustable head restraints in the lowest position.

    Volume 38, Number 9
  • September 25, 2003

    How head restraints are rated

    To rate head restraints, IIHS measures from the top of an average-size man's head to the top of the restraint and from the back of the head to the front of the restraint.

    Volume 38, Number 9
  • October 26, 2002

    New head restraint designs cut injuries

    Active head restraints and other improved designs are reducing neck injury claim rates, a new Institute study shows.

    Volume 37, Number 9
  • June 8, 2002

    New sled will expand testing

    The Vehicle Research Center's new HyperG sled will be used first to compare head restraints and seats for whiplash prevention.

    Volume 37, Number 6
  • October 6, 2001

    Head restraint ratings improve

    For the first time since the Institute began rating head restraints, more than half of all new passenger vehicles offer restraints that are rated good or acceptable.

    Volume 36, Number 9
  • October 6, 2001

    How head restraints are rated

    Geometry is the basis for most head restraint ratings under an international protocol.

    Volume 36, Number 9
  • October 6, 2001

    Institute gets new test sled

    A new crash test sled at the Vehicle Research Center will allow for dynamic testing of head restraints and seats, as well as other testing that doesn't require a whole vehicle.

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    Volume 36, Number 9
  • April 28, 2001

    Head restraint rule would cut injuries

    A proposed upgrade to the federal standard on head restraints likely would reduce neck injuries, but a dynamic-testing option included in the proposal could compromise safety.

    Volume 36, Number 4
  • April 28, 2001

    Global whiplash group works on standard

    An international group of researchers is working to develop procedures for dynamic head restraint tests.

    Volume 36, Number 4
  • May 22, 1999

    Understanding the fundamentals of whiplash injuries points toward effective prevention strategies

    Volume 34, Number 5 | Special Issue: neck injuries in rear-end crashes