Illinois

Highway safety laws differ from state to state. The summary information here can be used to compare laws in specific categories. We monitor legislative changes and update this information as needed.

RESTRICTIONS ON CELLPHONE USE AND TEXTING
Hand-held ban all drivers
Young drivers all cellphone ban drivers younger than 19 and learner's permit holders younger than 19
Texting ban all drivers
Enforcement primary
MAXIMUM POSTED SPEED LIMITS
Rural interstates (mph) 701
Urban interstates (mph) 55
Other limited access roads (mph) 65
Other roads (mph) 55
YOUNG DRIVER LICENSING SYSTEMS
To get a learners license you must:
Have a minimum age of 152
YOUNG DRIVER LICENSING SYSTEMS
Before getting a license or restricted license you must:
Have a mandatory holding period of 9 months
Have a minimum supervised driving time of 50 hours, 10 of which must be at night
Have a minimum age of 163
YOUNG DRIVER LICENSING SYSTEMS
Restrictions during intermediate or restricted license stage:
Nighttime restrictions starts 10 p.m. Sun.-Thur., 11 p.m. Fri.-Sat., ends 6 a.m.
Passenger restrictions

(family members excepted unless otherwise noted)
first 12 months—no more than 1 passenger younger than 20
YOUNG DRIVER LICENSING SYSTEMS
Minimum age at which restrictions may be lifted:
Nighttime restrictions until age 18 (min. age: 18)
Passenger restrictions 12 months or until age 18 (min. age: 17)
REGULAR LICENSING RENEWAL CYCLE
Length of regular renewal cycle 4 years
OLDER DRIVER SPECIAL LICENSING PROVISIONS
Accelerated renewal 2 years for drivers ages 81-86; 1 year for drivers 87 and older
Other provisions renewal applicants 75 and older must take a road test
CHILD RESTRAINTS
Must be in child restraint 7 years and younger
Adult safety belt permissible 8 through 15 years; children who weigh more than 40 pounds seated in the rear where only a lap belt is available
Maximum fine 1st offense $75
Seating preference law states no preference for rear seat
Children not covered all children covered4
SAFETY BELT USE
Initial effective date 01/01/88
Standard enforcement? yes; effective 07/03/03
Who is covered? In what seats? 16+ years in all seats
Maximum fine 1st offense $25
Can nonuse decrease monetary awards for injuries in lawsuits? no
MOTORCYCLE HELMET USE
Motorcyclists covered no law
BICYCLE HELMET USE
Covered by state law no law
PICKUP TRUCKS: RESTRICTIONS ON RIDING IN CARGO AREAS
Restrictions on riding in cargo areas no state law
Gaps in coverage no state law
LOW-SPEED VEHICLES
On which roads are low-speed vehicles permitted? roads with a posted speed limit of 30 mph or less; local ordinance may allow use on roads with a posted speed limit of thirty-five mph or less
What is the top speed permissible for low-speed vehicles? 25 mph
MINITRUCKS
Initial effective date 08/31/07
Where permitted roads with a posted speed limit of less than 35 mph if allowed by local ordinance
Speed restrictions 25 mph
Vehicle classification under state law neighborhood vehicle
AUTOMATED ENFORCEMENT: RED LIGHT CAMERAS
Statewide or only specified locations? Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, Madison, McHenry, St. Clair, and Will counties; requires local ordinance
Violations red light
Citations issued to whom? registered owner
Who is liable? owner
What image is taken? 2 or more images of vehicle and tag
Traditional enforcement penalty $500 maximum fine/20 points
Auto enforcement penalties/record $100 or the completion of a traffic education program, or both; not a moving violation or record offense
AUTOMATED ENFORCEMENT: SPEED CAMERAS
Statewide or only specified locations? statewide only in construction zones or Illinois Toll Authority roads
Violations speed
Citations issued to whom? registered owner
Who is liable? driver
What image is taken? tag and driver
Traditional enforcement penalty mandatory $250 fine/20 points
Auto enforcement penalties/record $250 fine or 25 hours community service
AUTOMATED ENFORCEMENT: RAIL CROSSINGS
Statewide or only specified locations? any county or municipality may use automated enforcement in cooperation with the Illinois DOT and ICC; ordinance required
Violations rail crossing
Citations issued to whom? registered owner
Who is liable? driver (owner if driver not identified by owner)
What image is taken? vehicle, driver, and tag
Traditional enforcement penalty $250 maximum fine/20 points
Auto enforcement penalties/record $250 fine or 25 hours community service
AUTOMATED ENFORCEMENT: OTHER VIOLATIONS
Statewide or only specified locations? municipalities with a population of 1,000,000 or more may use speed cameras in safety zones (one-eighth mile from school or park); local authorities are prohibited from using speed cameras; state may use speed cameras, but only when a law enforcement officer is present and witnesses the event
Violations speed
Citations issued to whom? registered owner
Who is liable? owner
What image is taken? two or more images of the vehicle and license plate
Traditional enforcement penalty $1,000 maximum fine/20 points
Auto enforcement penalties/record $50 if 6-10 miles over the limit; $100 if more than 10 over the limit

1The Illinois law allows Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, Madison, McHenry, St. Clair and Will Counties to opt-out by adopting an ordinance that sets a lower maximum speed limit, empowering counties to make adjustments based on their own local needs. These counties have a maximum large truck speed limit of 60 mph outside of urban districts and 55 mph inside urban districts.

2In Illinois, enrollment in driver education is required for permit applicants.

3In Illinois, license applicants 18 through 20 years of age who did not take driver's education in school must complete a 6 hour adult driver education course.

4The Illinois law requires parents to provide child restraints to drivers who transport their children.