Massachusetts

To get a learners permit you must
Have a minimum age of 161
Before getting an intermediate or restricted license you must
Have your permit for 6 months1
Complete minimum supervised driving of 40 hours2
Have a minimum age of 16, 6 months3
Restrictions during intermediate or restricted license stage
Nighttime restriction 12:30 a.m.-5 a.m. (between 12:30 a.m.-1 a.m. and 4 a.m.-5 a.m. the night driving and passenger restrictions are subject to secondary enforcement; enforcement is primary at all other times)
Passenger limit (family members excepted unless otherwise noted) no passengers younger than 18 (between 12:30 am–1 am and 4 am–5 am the night driving and passenger restrictions are secondarily enforced; enforcement is primary at all other times)
Minimum age at which restrictions may be lifted
Nighttime restriction until age 18 (min. age: 18)
Passenger restriction 6 months or until age 18, whichever occurs first (min. age: 17)

1In Massachusetts, the night driving restriction for permit holders younger than 18 is midnight to 5 a.m., unless they are accompanied by a licensed parent or guardian.

2In Massachusetts, the requirement for supervised driving is 30 hours for applicants who have successfully completed a driver skills development program in a closed, off-road course licensed by the Registrar of Motor Vehicles.

3In Massachusetts, driver education is required of license applicants younger than 18.