Red light and speed cameras

November 2017

Red light and speed cameras are automated tools used to enforce traffic safety laws. Communities in about half of U.S. states use cameras to catch red light violators. Speed camera programs are less common, but increasing. Many states have laws explicitly authorizing these types of automated enforcement, either statewide or only in specific communities. Some states have camera programs without a supporting state law. Ten states prohibit localities from using red light cameras, speed cameras, or both.

The technology is also used to catch drivers who block intersections or fail to stop at a stop sign, pay a toll, drive past a stopped school bus or disobey a railroad crossing signal. The District of Columbia uses automated enforcement to cite drivers who fail to yield to pedestrians.

Automated enforcement citations are generally civil or administrative violations that do not result in points and are not made part of the driver’s record. Many jurisdictions treat automated enforcement citations just like parking tickets in that the registered owner is liable.

  • 421 communities have red light camera programs as of November 2017.
  • 142 communities have speed camera programs as of November 2017. This includes statewide work zone programs in Illinois, Maryland and Oregon.

Printable list of communities using red light and/or speed cameras

The following map and table summarize automated enforcement laws in each state and the District of Columbia.

State Type of violation Are cameras permitted? Where are cameras permitted? Cameras in place? Penalties Other provisions
Alabama
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes fine (ranging from minimum of $60 to minimum of $110 depending on the jurisdiction); generally not listed in criminal or driving record none
speed yes, by state law and city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes fine (ranging from minimum of $60 to minimum of $100 depending on the jurisdiction and speed above the limit); generally not included in criminal or driving record none
Alaska
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Arizona
red light yes, by state law statewide yes same as traditional enforcement penalty: maximum $250 fine and 2 points not permitted on state highways; not placed within 600 feet of posted speed limit change except near school crossing
speed yes, by state law statewide yes same as traditional enforcement penalty: maximum $250 fine and 3 points not permitted on state highways; not placed within 600 feet of posted speed limit change except near school crossing
Arkansas
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed yes, by state law no no none specified police officer must be present and must issue citation at time and place of violation
California
red light yes, by state law statewide yes same as traditional enforcement penalty: $100 base fine and approximately $400 additional fees plus 1 point none
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Colorado
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide yes maximum fine of $75; not reportable to Department of Public Safety; no points and not included in driving record none
speed yes, by state law and city ordinance school zones, residential neighborhoods, construction zones, and streets that border a municipal park yes maximum fine of $40, unless violation occurs in school zone or construction zone; not reportable to the Department of Public Safety; no points and not included in driving record police officer or government employee must be present at time of alleged violation; in construction zones, citations issued only when construction is occurring
Connecticut
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Delaware
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide yes civil or administrative assessment not to exceed $110; not classified as a criminal offense, shall not be made a part of the driving record, and shall not be used for insurance purposes; DMV shall suspend license for failing to pay assessment none
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
District of Columbia
red light yes, by law citywide yes $150 fine; DMV cannot suspend license for failure to pay fine or penalty; no points none
speed yes, by law citywide yes fine, which varies depending on how fast above the speed limit the vehicle is traveling; DMV cannot suspend license for failure to pay fine or penalty; no points none
Florida
red light yes, by state law statewide yes $158 fine; no points none
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Georgia
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide yes civil monetary penalty of not more than $70; not considered a moving traffic violation, no points, not listed in driving record, and not used for insurance purposes none
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Hawaii
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Idaho
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Illinois
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes civil penalty not to exceed $100 or the completion of a traffic education program, or both; license suspension for failing to pay any fine for multiple offenses; not considered a violation of a traffic regulation and not recorded on driving record none
speed yes, by state law and city ordinance in a construction or maintenance speed zone; in a safety zone (within 1/8th of a mile of a school or a park district used for recreational purposes) in municipalities with a population of 1,000,000 or more inhabitants yes in construction zones, minimum $375 fine; in safety zones, fine, which varies depending on how fast above the speed limit the vehicle is traveling; license suspension for failing to pay any fine for multiple offenses; not considered a violation of a traffic regulation and not included in driving record in construction zones, citations issued only when workers are present; in safety zones, citations issued only during certain hours
Indiana
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Iowa
red light yes, not by state law, but by city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes fine (ranging from $65 to $100 depending on the jurisdiction); not listed on driving record none
speed yes, not by state law, but by city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes fine (ranging from $5 to $500 depending on jurisdiction and speed above the limit); certain jurisdictions double fines in construction zones; not listed on driving record none
Kansas
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Kentucky
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Louisiana
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes fine (ranging from $100 to $125 depending on the jurisdiction); not classified a criminal conviction and not included in driving record none
speed yes, by state law and city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes fine, which varies depending on how fast above the speed limit the vehicle is traveling and the jurisdiction; not classified a criminal conviction and not included in driving record not permitted on interstate highways, except when placed in construction zones where workers are present and operated by the state
Maine
red light no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
speed no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
Maryland
red light yes, by state law statewide yes maximum fine of $100; vehicle registration may be suspended for failing to pay fine; not a moving violation for the purpose of assessing points, not included in the driving record, and shall not be used for insurance purposes none
speed yes, by state law and city ordinance school zones, Montgomery County residential districts, areas in or near institutes of higher education in Prince George's County; construction zones on expressways or controlled access highways on which the speed limit is 45 mph or greater yes maximum fine of $40; vehicle registration may be suspended for failing to pay fine; not a moving violation for the purpose of assessing points, not included in the driving record, and shall not be used for insurance purposes in school zones, citations issued only during certain hours; in construction zones, system used only to record images of vehicles traveling at least 12 mph above speed limit
Massachusetts
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Michigan
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no, no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Minnesota
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Mississippi
red light no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
speed no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
Missouri
red light yes, not by state law, but by city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes fine (generally, $100); no points in certain jurisdictions none
speed yes, not by state law, but by city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes $100 fine; certain jurisdictions increase to $200 fine for traveling 20 mph over speed limit certain jurisdictions limit violations to school zones and on streets that include crosswalks used by children when going to or leaving school
Montana
red light no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Nebraska
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Nevada
red light yes, by state law statewide no none specified red light camera equipment must be held in hand or installed temporarily or permanently within law enforcement vehicle or facility
speed yes, by state law statewide no none specified speed camera equipment must be held in hand or installed temporarily or permanently within law enforcement vehicle or facility
New Hampshire
red light no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
speed no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a use of camera or other device to determine vehicle ownership or identify vehicle occupants is prohibited unless specifically authorized by statute
New Jersey
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
New Mexico
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes fine (ranging from $66 to $100 depending on the jurisdiction); certain jurisdictions allow vehicle seizure for nonpayment of fine not permitted on state and federal roadways
speed yes, not by state law, but by city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes $100 fine; certain jurisdictions allow vehicle seizure for nonpayment of fine mobile enforcement vans not permitted on state and federal roadways
New York
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes maximum fine of $50; not classified as a criminal offense, not included in driving record, and not used for insurance purposes none
speed yes, by state law specified jurisdictions yes maximum fine of $50; not classified as a criminal offense, not included in driving record, and not used for insurance purposes none
North Carolina
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes fine (ranging from $50 to $100 depending on the jurisdiction); no points and not used for insurance purposes none
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
North Dakota
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Ohio
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide yes fine which shall not exceed the maximum fine imposed for a substantially equivalent criminal traffic law violation (not more than $150 for a traffic control signal violation, which is a minor misdemeanor); no points and not used for insurance purposes none
speed yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide yes none none
Oklahoma
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Oregon
red light yes, by state law statewide yes same as traditional enforcement penalty; Class B traffic violation resulting in a maximum $1,000 fine none
speed yes, by state law statewide yes same as traditional enforcement penalty; traffic violation resulting in a fine, which varies depending on how fast above the speed limit the vehicle is traveling in specified jurisdictions, may not be used for more than 4 hours per day, may not be used on controlled access highways, and must be operated by uniformed police officer out of marked police vehicle; in construction zones, citations issued only when workers are present and must be operated by a uniformed police officer out of marked police vehicle
Pennsylvania
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance specified jurisdictions yes maximum fine of $100; not a criminal conviction, not included in the driving record, and shall not used for insurance purposes none
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Rhode Island
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide yes fine of $85; not a moving violation nor a criminal conviction and not included in driving record; not used for insurance purposes until there is a final adjudication none
speed yes, by state law school zones no fine, which varies depending on how fast above the speed limit the vehicle is traveling; not a moving violation nor a criminal conviction and not included in driving record; not used for insurance purposes until there is a final adjudication none
South Carolina
red light generally prohibited by state law statewide no none specified authorized only for violations that occur during emergency
speed generally prohibited by state law statewide no none specified authorized only for violations that occur during emergency
South Dakota
red light no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a state law prohibits Department of Public Safety and Division of Motor Vehicles from providing to other states information that can be used by those states to impose or collect civil fine resulting from alleged violation enforced by camera program
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a state law prohibits Department of Public Safety and Division of Motor Vehicles from providing to other states information that can be used by those states to impose or collect civil fine resulting from alleged violation enforced by camera program
Tennessee
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide yes $50 fine; not included in driving record and not used for credit rating or insurance purposes none
speed yes, by state law and city ordinance a school zone and on any S-curve that inhibits a driver's full vision through the bend yes $50 fine none
Texas
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide yes maximum $75 civil or administrative penalty; DMV may refuse to register a vehicle alleged to have been involved in a violation; not classified as a criminal offense, not included in the driving record, and not used for credit rating none
speed no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
Utah
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed yes, by state law school zones and ares that have a posted speed limit of 30mph or less no not reportable and no points police officer must be present
Vermont
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Virginia
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide yes monetary penalty of not more than $50; not considered a conviction, not included in the driving record, and not used for insurance purposes systems allowed at no more than 1 intersection for every 10,000 residents in each community, except for communities under the Northern Virginia Regional Commission, which are allowed systems at no more than 10 intersections or no more than 1 intersection for every 10,000 residents, whichever is greater
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
Washington
red light yes, by state law and city ordinance statewide at intersections of 2 arterials yes maximum $250 fine; not included in the driving record and shall be processed in the same manner as parking infractions none
speed yes, by state law and city ordinance school speed zones yes fine no greater than the fine for a parking infraction within the jurisdiction; not included in the driving record and shall be processed in the same manner as parking infractions for any city west of Cascade mountains, city may only operate one speed camera and Washington state legislature must have first authorized its use and location for at least 1 full year
West Virginia
red light no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
speed no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
Wisconsin
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no, prohibited by state law n/a no n/a n/a
Wyoming
red light no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a
speed no state law or city ordinance n/a no n/a n/a