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IIHS research bibliography

IIHS has been conducting research for more than 50 years. Papers published in copyrighted publications such as books, journals and conference proceedings are available upon request, but their contents may not be redistributed or republished without consent of the publishers. Unpublished and noncopyrighted reports are available for download, and their contents may be redistributed and republished with attribution.

  • Factors affecting tether use and correct use in child restraint installations

    Jermakian, Jessica S.; Klinich, Kathleen D.; Orton, Nichole R.; Flannagan, Carol A.C.; Manary, Miriam A.; Malik, Laura A.; Narayanaswamy, Prabha
    Journal of Safety Research
    December 2014

    Abstract
  • Vehicle characteristics associated with LATCH use and correct use in real-world child restraint installations

    Cicchino, Jessica B.; Jermakian, Jessica S.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    April 2014

    Abstract
  • Use of top tethers with forward-facing child restraints: observations and driver interviews

    Eichelberger, Angela H.; Decina, Lawrence E.; Jermakian, Jessica S.; McCartt, Anne T.
    Journal of Safety Research
    February 2014

    Abstract
  • Vehicle LATCH system features associated with correct child restraint installations

    Klinich, Kathleen D.; Flannagan, Carol A.C.; Jermakian, Jessica S.; McCartt, Anne T.; Manary, Miriam A.; Moore, Jamie L.; Wells, JoAnn K.
    Traffic Injury Prevention
    July 2013

    Abstract
  • Evaluation of proposed protocols for assessing vehicle LATCH system usability

    Klinich, Kathleen D.; Manary, Miriam A.; Flannagan, Carol A.C.; Moore, Jamie L.; Jermakian, Jessica S.
    SAE International Journal of Transportation Safety
    2013

    Abstract
  • Effects of booster seat laws on injury risk among children in crashes

    Eichelberger, Angela H.; Chouinard, Aline O.; Jermakian, Jessica S.
    Traffic Injury Prevention
    November 2012

    Abstract
  • Observed use of tethers in forward-facing child restraint systems

    Jermakian, Jessica S.; Wells, JoAnn K.
    Injury Prevention
    December 2011

    Abstract
  • Making the most of the worst-case scenario: Should belt-positioning booster seats be used in lap-belt-only seating positions?

    Kirley, Bevan B.; Teoh, Eric R.; Lund, Adrian K.; Arbogast, Kristy B.; Kallan, Michael J.; Durbin, Dennis R.
    Traffic Injury Prevention
    November 2009

    Abstract
  • Evaluation of the static belt fit provided by belt-positioning booster seats

    Reed, Matthew P.; Ebert-Hamilton, Sheila M.; Sherwood, Christopher P.; Klinich, Kathleen D.; Manary, Miriam A.
    Accident Analysis and Prevention
    May 2009

    Abstract
  • Factors leading to crash fatalities to children placed in child restraints

    Sherwood, Christopher P.; Ferguson, Susan A.; Crandall, Jeff R.
    Proceedings of the 47th Annual Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
    2003

    Abstract
  • Variation in child restraint transitions and consistency of restraint use

    Durbin, Dennis R.; Cornejo, Rebecca A.; Chen, Irene; Williams, Allan F.; Wells, JoAnn K.
    Proceedings of the 47th Annual Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
    2003

    Abstract
  • Physician counseling about safe vehicle travel for children

    Williams, Allan F.; Ferguson, Susan A.; De Leonardis, Doreen M.
    Journal of Safety Research
    Summer 2001

    Abstract
  • Child restraint durability in high-speed crashes

    Meyerson, Susan L.; Lund, Adrian K.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 2001-01-0123 Progress in Safety Test Methodology (SP-1596)
    2001

    Abstract
  • Child seating position and restraint use in three states

    Ferguson, Susan A.; Wells, JoAnn K.; Williams, Allan F.
    Injury Prevention
    March 2000

    Abstract
  • Testing of passenger airbags with 12-month-old infant CRABI dummy to assess injury risk to restrained infants

    Zuby, David S.; Powell, Michael R.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    September 1999

    Abstract
  • Seating positions and children's risk of dying in motor vehicle crashes

    Braver, Elisa R.; Whitfield, Randy A.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    Injury Prevention
    1998

    Abstract
  • Development and evaluation of programs to increase proper child restraint use

    Williams, Allan F.; Wells, JoAnn K.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    Journal of Safety Research
    Winter 1997

    Abstract
  • Survey of parents of infants about rear facing child restraints

    Ferguson, Susan A.; Williams, Allan F.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    1996

    Abstract
  • Observation of infant restraint use and seating locations

    Salaita, Kathy
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    October 1995

    Abstract
  • Vehicle crash tests of properly and improperly used child safety seats

    Ciccone, Michael A.; Jones, Eugene N.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 872209
    1987

    Abstract
  • The public's responsibility in protecting children

    Haddon, William Jr.
    Proceedings of the National Conference on Child Passenger Protection (HS-805-672)
    April 1981

    Abstract
  • Effect of pediatricians' counseling on infant restraint use

    Reisinger, Keith S.; Williams, Allan F.; Wells, JoAnn K.; John, C. Eric; Roberts, Tom R.; Podgainy, Helen J.
    Pediatrics
    February 1981

    Abstract
  • Children in car crashes

    Haddon, William Jr.
    The Journal of Insurance
    January- February 1981

    Abstract
  • Performance of child restraints in serious crashes

    Melvin, John W.; Weber, Kathleen; Lux, Paula
    Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine
    1980

    Abstract
  • Survey of infant restraint usability

    Weber, Kathleen
    Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine
    1980

    Abstract
  • Protection of child occupants in automobile crashes

    Melvin, John W.; Stalnaker, Richard L; Mohan, Dinesh
    SAE Technical Paper Series 780904
    1978

    Abstract
  • Evaluation of programs designed to increase the protection of infants in cars

    Reisinger, Keith S.; Williams, Allan F.
    Pediatrics
    1978

    Abstract
  • Injuries to children in automobiles in relation to seating location and restraint use

    Williams, Allan F.; Zador, Paul L.
    Accident Analysis and Prevention
    1977

    Abstract
  • Observed child restraint use in automobiles

    Williams, Allan F.
    American Journal of Diseases of Children
    December 1976

    Abstract
  • Air bags and out-of-position children -- a survey

    Williams, Allan F.
    Accident Analysis and Prevention
    1976

    Abstract
  • Visibility of children behind 2010-2013 model year passenger vehicles using glances, mirrors, and backup cameras and parking sensors

    Kidd, David G.; Brethwaite, Andrew
    Accident Analysis and Prevention
    May 2014

    Abstract
  • Validation of a parent survey for reporting child injuries

    Curry, Allison E.; Zonfrillo, Mark R.; Myers, Rachel K.; Durbin, Dennis R.
    Injury Prevention
    October 2013

    Abstract
  • Making the most of the worst-case scenario: Should belt-positioning booster seats be used in lap-belt-only seating positions?

    Kirley, Bevan B.; Teoh, Eric R.; Lund, Adrian K.; Arbogast, Kristy B.; Kallan, Michael J.; Durbin, Dennis R.
    Traffic Injury Prevention
    November 2009

    Abstract
  • Factors leading to crash fatalities to children placed in child restraints

    Sherwood, Christopher P.; Ferguson, Susan A.; Crandall, Jeff R.
    Proceedings of the 47th Annual Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
    2003

    Abstract
  • Testing of passenger airbags with 6-year-old child Hybrid III dummy to assess injury risk to belted children

    Powell, Michael R.; Zuby, David S.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    September 1999

    Abstract
  • Motor vehicle occupant deaths among Hispanic and black children and teenagers

    Baker, Susan P.; Braver, Elisa R.; Chen, Li-Hui; Pantula, Janella F.; Massie, Dawn L.
    Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
    December 1998

    Abstract
  • Seating positions and children's risk of dying in motor vehicle crashes

    Braver, Elisa R.; Whitfield, Randy A.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    Injury Prevention
    1998

    Abstract
  • Risk of death among child passengers in front and rear seating positions

    Braver, Elisa R.; Whitfield, Randy A.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 973298
    November 1997

    Abstract
  • Injury to children and teenagers: state-by-state mortality facts

    Baker, Susan P.; Fingerhut, Lois A.; Higgins, Laura; Chen, Li-Hui; Braver, Elisa R.; Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    February 1996

    Abstract
  • Childhood injury deaths: national analysis and geographic variations

    Waller, Anna E.; Baker, Susan P.; Szocka, Andrew
    American Journal of Public Health
    March 1989

    Abstract
  • Childhood injury: state-by-state mortality facts

    Baker, Susan P.; Waller, Anna E.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    January 1989

    Abstract
  • Motor vehicle deaths in children: geographic variations.

    Baker, Susan P.; Waller, Anna E; Langlois, Jean
    Accident Analysis and Prevention
    1989

    Abstract
  • And Keep on Looking: A film to reduce pedestrian crashes among 9 to 12 year olds

    Preusser, David F.; Lund, Adrian K.
    Journal of Safety Research
    1988

    Abstract
  • Pediatric brain injuries: the nature, clinical course, and early outcomes in a defined United States' population

    Kraus, Jess F.; Fife, Daniel; Conroy, Carol
    Pediatrics
    April 1987

    Abstract
  • Incidence, severity, and external causes of pediatric brain injury

    Kraus, Jess F.; Fife, Daniel; Cox, Pamela; Ramstein, Karen; Conroy, Carol
    American Journal of Diseases of Children
    July 1986

    Abstract
  • Children killed in falls from motor vehicles

    Williams, Allan F.
    Pediatrics
    October 1981

    Abstract
  • Childhood injuries: the community approach to prevention

    Baker, Susan P.
    Journal of Public Health Policy
    September 1981

    Abstract
  • The public's responsibility in protecting children

    Haddon, William Jr.
    Proceedings of the National Conference on Child Passenger Protection (HS-805-672)
    April 1981

    Abstract
  • Children in car crashes

    Haddon, William Jr.
    The Journal of Insurance
    January- February 1981

    Abstract
  • Acute spinal-cord lesions in a pediatric population: epidemiological and clinical features

    Kewalramani, L.S.; Kraus, Jess F.; Orth, M.S.; Sterling, H.M.
    Paraplegia: The Official Journal of the International Medical Society of Paraplegia
    June 1980

    Abstract
  • Prevention of childhood injuries

    Baker, Susan P.
    The Medical Journal of Australia
    May 17, 1980

    Abstract
  • Children in crashes

    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    February 1980

    Abstract
  • Performance of child restraints in serious crashes

    Melvin, John W.; Weber, Kathleen; Lux, Paula
    Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine
    1980

    Abstract
  • Children in motor vehicles: never too young to die

    Karwacki, Jerome J. Jr.; Baker, Susan P.
    Journal of the American Medical Association
    December 28, 1979

    Abstract
  • Motor vehicle occupant deaths in young children

    Baker, Susan P.
    Pediatrics
    December 1979

    Abstract
  • An evaluation of adult clasping strength for restraining lap-held infants

    Mohan, Dinesh; Schneider, Lawrence W.
    Human Factors
    December 1979

    Abstract
  • A biomechanical analysis of head impact injuries to children

    Mohan, Dinesh; Bowman, Bruce M.; Snyder, Richard G.; Foust, David R.
    Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
    November 1979

    Abstract
  • Some factors influencing the injuries sustained by child pedestrians struck by the fronts of cars

    Ashton, Steven, J.
    Proceedings of the 23rd Stapp Car Crash Conference
    1979

    Abstract
  • Children killed in crashes

    Baker, Susan P.; Karwacki, Jerome J. Jr.
    Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine
    1979

    Abstract
  • Warning: in cars, parents may be hazardous to their children's health -- the hazards of on-lap travel

    Williams, Allan F.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    April 1978

    Abstract
  • Protection of child occupants in automobile crashes

    Melvin, John W.; Stalnaker, Richard L; Mohan, Dinesh
    SAE Technical Paper Series 780904
    1978

    Abstract
  • Injuries to children in automobiles in relation to seating location and restraint use

    Williams, Allan F.; Zador, Paul L.
    Accident Analysis and Prevention
    1977

    Abstract
  • Are 1974-1975 automotive-belt systems hazardous to children?

    Snyder, Richard G.; O'Neill, Brian
    American Journal of Diseases of Children
    August 1975

    Abstract
  • The effectiveness of a rearview camera and parking sensor system alone and combined for preventing a collision with an unexpected stationary or moving object

    Kidd, David G.; Hagoski, Bradly K.; Tucker, Tia G.; Chiang, Dean P.
    Human Factors
    In press

    Abstract
  • Effects of booster seat laws on injury risk among children in crashes

    Eichelberger, Angela H.; Chouinard, Aline O.; Jermakian, Jessica S.
    Traffic Injury Prevention
    November 2012

    Abstract
  • Coverage gaps in child restraint and seat belt laws affecting children

    Fields, Michele; Weinberg, Karen
    Accident Analysis and Prevention
    1994

    Abstract
  • Child restraint laws: an analysis of gaps in coverage

    Teret, Stephan P.; Jones, Alison S.; Williams, Allan F.; Wells, JoAnn K.
    American Journal of Public Health
    1986

    Abstract
  • Evaluation of the Rhode Island child restraint law

    Williams, Allan F.; Wells, JoAnn K.
    American Journal of Public Health
    July 1981

    Abstract
  • The Tennessee child restraint law in its third year

    Williams, Allan F.; Wells, JoAnn K.
    American Journal of Public Health
    February 1981

    Abstract
  • Evaluation of the Tennessee child restraint law

    Williams, Allan F.
    American Journal of Public Health
    May 1979

    Abstract
  • Restraint use legislation: its prospects for increasing the protection of children in cars

    Williams, Allan F.
    Accident Analysis and Prevention
    1979

    Abstract
  • Some international comparisons of the effects of motor vehicle seat belt use and child restraint laws

    Robertson, Leon S.; Williams, Allan F.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    1978

    Abstract

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