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IIHS research bibliography

IIHS has been conducting research for more than 50 years. Papers published in copyrighted publications such as books, journals and conference proceedings are available upon request, but their contents may not be redistributed or republished without consent of the publishers. Unpublished and noncopyrighted reports are available for download, and their contents may be redistributed and republished with attribution.

  • How have changes in front air bag designs affected frontal crash death rates? An update

    Teoh, Eric R.
    Traffic Injury Prevention
    August 2014

    Abstract
  • How have changes in air bag designs affected frontal crash mortality?

    Braver, Elisa R.; Shardell, Michelle; Teoh, Eric R.
    Annals of Epidemiology
    July 2010

    Abstract
  • Front air bag nondeployments in frontal crashes fatal to drivers or right-front passengers

    Braver, Elisa R.; McCartt, Anne T.; Sherwood, Christopher P.; Zuby, David S.; Blanar, Laura; Scerbo, Marge
    Traffic Injury Prevention
    March 2010

    Abstract
  • Airbags -- yesterday, today, and tomorrow

    O'Neill, Brian
    Airbag 2006: Eighth International Symposium and Exhibition on Sophisticated Car Occupant Systems
    December 2006

    Abstract
  • Another look at Meyer and Finney’s “Who Wants Airbags?”

    Farmer, Charles M.
    Chance
    Fall 2006

    Abstract
  • Driver mortality in frontal crashes: comparison of newer and older airbag designs

    Braver, Elisa R.; Kyrychenko, Sergey Y.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    Traffic Injury Prevention
    February 2005

    Abstract
  • Real-world performance of newer restraint systems in frontal crashes in the United States

    Ferguson, Susan A.
    Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium and Exhibition on Sophisticated Car Occupant Safety Systems (CD-ROM)
    2004

    Abstract
  • Blue Ribbon Panel on depowered and advanced airbags — status report on airbag performance

    Ferguson, Susan A.
    Proceedings of the 47th Annual Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
    2003

    Abstract
  • Analysis of driver fatalities in frontal crashes of airbag-equipped vehicles in 1990-98 NASS/CDS

    Zuby, David S.; Cammisa, Michael X.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 2001-01-0156 Airbag Technology 2001 (SP-1615)
    2001

    Abstract
  • Difficulties in determining the cause of real-world crash injuries: a case study of a NASS investigation

    Arbelaez, Raul A.; O'Neill, Brian
    Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (CD-ROM)
    2001

    Abstract
  • Steering column movement in severe frontal crashes and its potential effect on airbag performance

    Zuby, David S.; O'Neill, Brian
    Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (CD-ROM)
    2001

    Abstract
  • Driver fatalities in frontal crashes of airbag-equipped vehicles: a review of 1989-96 NASS cases

    Cammisa, Michael X.; Reed, Richard T.; Ferguson, Susan A.; Lund, Adrian K.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 2000-01-1003
    2000

    Abstract
  • Testing of passenger airbags with 6-year-old child Hybrid III dummy to assess injury risk to belted children

    Powell, Michael R.; Zuby, David S.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    September 1999

    Abstract
  • Testing of passenger airbags with 12-month-old infant CRABI dummy to assess injury risk to restrained infants

    Zuby, David S.; Powell, Michael R.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    September 1999

    Abstract
  • An update on the real-world experience of passenger airbags in the United States

    Ferguson, Susan A.
    Airbag 2000+: Fourth International Symposium and Exhibition on Sophisticated Car Occupant Safety Systems
    December 1998

    Abstract
  • Looking for evidence of inadequate airbag energy: methodology for evaluation

    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    May 1998

    Abstract
  • Survey of driver seating positions in relation to the steering wheel

    De Leonardis, Doreen M.; Ferguson, Susan A.; Pantula, Janella F.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 980642
    February 1998

    Abstract
  • Measuring airbag injury risk to out-of-position occupants

    Morris, Christina R.; Zuby, David S.; Lund, Adrian K.
    Proceedings of the 16th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles
    1998

    Abstract
  • Survey of drivers' attitudes toward airbags and deactivation

    Cammisa, Michael X.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    Journal of Traffic Medicine
    1998

    Abstract
  • Seating positions and children's risk of dying in motor vehicle crashes

    Braver, Elisa R.; Whitfield, Randy A.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    Injury Prevention
    1998

    Abstract
  • Reductions in deaths in frontal crashes among right front passengers in vehicles equipped with passenger air bags

    Braver, Elisa R.; Ferguson, Susan A.; Greene, Michael A.; Lund, Adrian K.
    Journal of the American Medical Association
    November 5, 1997

    Abstract
  • Risk of death among child passengers in front and rear seating positions

    Braver, Elisa R.; Whitfield, Randy A.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 973298
    November 1997

    Abstract
  • An example of the crash protection provided by a driver airbag in an offset frontal crash test

    Zuby, David S.; Nolan, Joseph M.; Meyerson, Susan L.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    July 1997

    Abstract
  • Deflating the airbag debacle

    O'Neill, Brian
    Public Risk
    July 1997

    Abstract
  • Survey of passenger and driver attitudes in air bag deployment crashes

    Ferguson, Susan A.; Reinfurt, Donald W.; Williams, Allan F.
    Journal of Safety Research
    Spring 1997

    Abstract
  • Survey of drivers of airbag-equipped vehicles

    Cammisa, Michael X.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    March 1997

    Abstract
  • Injury risks in cars with different air bag deployment rates

    Werner, John V.; Roberson, Steve F.; Ferguson, Susan A.; Digges, Kennerly H.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 970491
    1997

    Abstract
  • Airbag performance in the United States: benefits, problems, and solutions

    O'Neill, Brian
    Innovativer Insassenschutz im PKW (Innovative Occupant Protection in Cars)
    1997

    Abstract
  • Update on airbag performance in the United States: benefits and problems

    Ferguson, Susan A.
    Airbag 2000+: Third International Symposium on Sophisticated Car Occupant Systems
    November 1996

    Abstract
  • Fatalities in air bag-equipped cars: a review of 1989-93 NASS cases

    Lund, Adrian K.; Ferguson, Susan A.; Powell, Michael R.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 960661
    February 1996

    Abstract
  • Survey of parents of infants about rear facing child restraints

    Ferguson, Susan A.; Williams, Allan F.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    1996

    Abstract
  • Air bag deployment frequency and injury risks

    Werner, John V.; Robertson, Steve F.; Ferguson, Susan A.; Digges, Kennerly H.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 960664
    1996

    Abstract
  • Airbag performance in crashes

    Ferguson, Susan A.
    Proceedings of the Highway Safety Forum on Technological Innovations in Vehicle and Highway Safety
    1996

    Abstract
  • Driver fatalities in 1985-1994 air bag cars

    Ferguson, Susan A.; Lund, Adrian K.; Greene, Michael A.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    April 1995

    Abstract
  • Driver fatalities in 1985-1993 cars with airbags

    Lund, Adrian K.; Ferguson, Susan A.
    The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care
    April 1995

    Abstract
  • Leading edge deployment speed of production air bags

    Powell, Michael R.; Lund, Adrian K.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 950870
    February 1995

    Abstract
  • Survey of attitudes of drivers in air bag deployment crashes

    Reinfurt, Donald W.; Green, Annette W.; Campbell, B.J.; Williams, Allan F.
    Journal of Safety Research
    Fall 1994

    Abstract
  • Crash investigation report: crash of an air bag equipped 1994 Oldsmobile Nighty-Eight into the rear end of a 1983 Ford Ranger pickup

    Ferguson, Susan A.; Powell, Michael R.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    August 1994

    Abstract
  • Comments on "The impact of air bag adoption on relative personal injury and absolute collision insurance claims" by Peterson and Hoffer

    Williams, Allan F.; Hazelbaker, Kim L.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    1994

    Abstract
  • Automobile driver fatalities in frontal impacts: air bags compared with manual belts

    Zador, Paul L.; Ciccone, Michael A.
    American Journal of Public Health
    May 1993

    Abstract
  • The effectiveness of airbags in preventing driver fatalities in the United States

    O'Neill, Brian; Lund, Adrian K.
    Chronic Diseases in Canada
    Autumn 1993

    Abstract
  • Seat belt use in cars with air bags

    Williams, Allan F.; Wells, JoAnn K.; Lund, Adrian K.
    American Journal of Public Health
    December 1990

    Abstract
  • About air cushions

    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    1985

    Abstract
  • Air bags: a chronological history of delay

    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    1984

    Abstract
  • A Note on Air Bag Effectivenss

    O'Neill, Brian
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    December 19, 1983

    Abstract
  • Air bag litigation: promoting passenger safety

    Teret, Stephan P.; Downey, Edward
    Trial
    July 1982

    Abstract
  • GM and the air bag: a decade of delay

    Kelley, Albert Benjamin
    Business and Society Review
    1980

    Abstract
  • The air bag: let's get on with it!

    Reichard, John
    The Journal of Insurance
    November/December 1979

    Abstract
  • Automobile insurance losses -- collision coverage experience of GM air bag equipped cars, 1974, 1975, 1976 models

    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    May 1978

    Abstract
  • T.J. Hooper and the air bag

    Hricko, Andrew R.
    Federation of Insurance Counsel Quarterly
    Winter 1977

    Abstract
  • Air bag legislation: precedents have been set

    Hricko, Andrew R.
    The National Underwriter
    December 10, 1976

    Abstract
  • Air bags and lap/shoulder belts -- a comparison of their effectiveness in real world frontal crashes

    Mohan, Dinesh; Zador, Paul L.; O'Neill, Brian; Ginsburg, Marvin J.
    Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine
    1976

    Abstract
  • Air bags and out-of-position children -- a survey

    Williams, Allan F.
    Accident Analysis and Prevention
    1976

    Abstract
  • Efficacy of side airbags in reducing driver deaths in driver-side car and SUV collisions

    McCartt, Anne T.; Kyrychenko, Sergey Y.
    Traffic Injury Prevention
    May 2007

    Abstract
  • Airbags -- yesterday, today, and tomorrow

    O'Neill, Brian
    Airbag 2006: Eighth International Symposium and Exhibition on Sophisticated Car Occupant Systems
    December 2006

    Abstract
  • Efficacy of side air bags in reducing driver deaths in driver-side collisions

    Braver, Elisa R.; Kyrychenko, Sergey Y.
    American Journal of Epidemiology
    March 2004

    Abstract
  • Comparison of EuroSID-2 and SID-IIs in vehicle side impact tests with the IIHS barrier

    Arbelaez, Raul A.; Nolan, Joseph M.; Dakin, Gregory J.; Lund, Adrian K.
    Stapp Car Crash Journal
    November 2002

    Abstract
  • Head protection in side impacts: role of crash deployable protection

    Lund, Adrian K.
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
    April 1999

    Abstract
  • Fatally injured occupants in side impact crashes

    Lestina, Diane C.; Gloyns, Peter F.; Rattenbury, Stephen J.
    Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles, (DOT-HS-807-990)
    1991

    Abstract
  • Simulated occupant response to side-impact collisions

    Bowman, Bruce M.; Schneider, Lawrence W.; Foust David R.
    SAE Technical Paper Series 751155
    1975

    Abstract

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