The information in this Status Report is based on numerous scientific studies, including the following:
Barmack, J.E. and Payne, D.E. 1961. The Lackland accident countermeasure experiment. Highway Research Board Proceedings 40:513-22. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
Carlin, J.B.; Taylor, P.; and Nolan, T. 1998. School based bicycle safety education and bicycle injuries in children: a case-control study. Injury Prevention 4:22-27.
Haddon, W., Jr. 1972. A logical framework for categorizing highway safety phenomena and activity. The Journal of Trauma 12:193-207.
Kraus, J.F.; Peek, C.; and Williams, A.F. 1995. Compliance with the 1992 California motorcycle helmet use law. American Journal of Public Health 85:96-99.
Leukefeld, C.G. 1995. Prevention Practice in Substance Abuse (ed. R.R. Clayton). Binghamton, N.Y.: Haworth Press.
Mayhew, D.R. and Simpson, H.M. 1996. Effectiveness and role of driver education and training in a graduated licensing system. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Traffic Injury Research Foundation.
Miller, R.E.; Reisinger, K.S.; Blatter, M.M.; and Wucher, F. 1982. Pediatric counseling and subsequent use of smoke detectors. American Journal of Public Health 72:392-93.
O'Neill, B. 2001. Role of advocacy, education, and training in reducing motor vehicle crash losses. Presented at the World Health Organization Traffic Meeting, Geneva, Switzerland. Arlington, VA: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.
O'Neill, B. 2001. Seat belt use: where we've been, where we are, and what's next. 2001 Seat Belt Summit: Policy Options for Increasing Seat Belt Use in the United States in 2001 and Beyond, Appendix A. Arlington, VA: Automotive Coalition for Traffic Safety, Inc.
Retting, R.A. and Greene, M.A. 1997. Traffic speeds following repeal of the national maximum speed limit. ITE Journal 67:42-46.
Struckman-Johnson, D.L.; Lund, A.K.; Williams, A.F.; and Osborne, D.W. 1989. Comparative effects of driver improvement programs on crashes and violations. Accident Analysis and Prevention 21:203-15.
Vernick; J.S.; Guohua, L.; Ogaitis, S.; MacKenzie, E.J.; Baker, S.P.; and Gielen, A.C. 1999. Effects of high school driver education on motor vehicle crashes, violations, and licensure. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 16:40-46.
Williams, A.F. 1994. The contribution of education and public information to reducing alcohol-impaired driving. Alcohol, Drugs, and Driving 10:197-205.
Williams, A.F. and O'Neill, B. 1974. On-the-road driving records of licensed race drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention 6:263-70.
Williams, A.F.; Paek, N.N.; and Lund, A.K. 1995. Factors that drivers say motivate safe driving practices. Journal of Safety Research 26:119-24.
Williams, A.F.; Reinfurt, D.W.; and Wells, J.K. 1996. Increasing seat belt use in North Carolina. Journal of Safety Research 27:33-41.