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2012 Volvo XC90

Midsize luxury SUV
2010 Volvo XC90 shown
2010 Volvo XC90 shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2014
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2003
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2003-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC90 was introduced in the 2003 model year.

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 7 cm and maximum intrusion of the upper interior of 5 cm.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2014 Volvo XC90 3.2 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,758 lbs.
Side airbags head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 189 in.
Width 76 in.
Engine 3.2 L 6-cylinder
EPA ratings 16 mpg city / 23 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1336
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Footrest (cm) 4
Left toepan (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm) 7
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 4
Lower instrument panel (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1336
Head
HIC-15 62
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 7
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.44
Right 0.44
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 0.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 42
Right 35

Applies to 2003-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC90 was introduced in the 2003 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the A-pillar/roof rail hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the head hit the A-pillar and the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2003 Volvo XC90 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,616 lbs.
Side airbags head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 189 in.
Width 75 in.
Engine 2.9 L turbocharged 6-cylinder
EPA ratings 15 mpg city / 20 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0305
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 7
Left (cm) 10
Center (cm) 11
Right (cm) 11
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0305
Head
HIC-15 135
Peak gs at hard contact 27
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm) 38
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 6.3
Femur force - right (kN) 5.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.34
Maximum tibia index - right 0.37
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 54
Right 93

Applies to 2005-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Volvo XC90 was introduced in the 2003 model year. Beginning with 2005 models, the side torso airbags were enlarged to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2006 Volvo XC90 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,674 lbs.
Side airbags standard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 189 in.
Width 75 in.
Engine 2.5 L turbocharged 5-cylinder
EPA ratings 17 mpg city / 22 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0624
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-9.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0624
Head HIC-15 61
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 45
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 24
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.79
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.28
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.2
Combined force (kN) 2.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 54
A-P moment (Nm) -24

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0624
Head HIC-15 28
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 25
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 21
Average deflection (mm) 17
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.74
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.28
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 1.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 137
A-P moment (Nm) -25

Applies to 2003-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 4,718 lbs
Peak force 21,274 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.51
Tested vehicle
2010 Volvo XC90 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2005-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type All seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 25
Distance below top of head (mm) 25
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 9.0
Head contact time (ms) 87
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 13
Max neck tension (N) 433
1
Side airbags: head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Built in child restraints (optional)
4
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

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