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2007 Volvo XC90

Midsize luxury SUV
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  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Built in child restraints (optional)
4
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
G
G
G
G
G
2013
G
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
G
G
2009
G
G
G
G
G
2008
G
G
G
G
G
2007
G
G
G
G
G
2006
G
G
G
G
G
2005
G
G
G
G
G
2004
G
G
G
2003
G
G
G

Applies to 2003-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC90 was introduced in the 2003 model year.

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 7 cm and maximum intrusion of the upper interior of 5 cm.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 Volvo XC90 4wd
Weight 4,758 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase113 in.
Length189 in.
Width76 in.
Engine3.2 L 6-cylinder
EPA ratings16 mpg city / 23 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1336
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)7
Footrest (cm)4
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)3
Brake pedal (cm)4
Parking brake (cm)7
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)3
Steering column1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)5
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)4
Lower instrument panel (cm)4

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1336
Head
HIC-1562
Peak gs at hard contact
Neck
Tension (kN)0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm)7
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm)24
Femur (kN)
Left3.2
Right0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left7
Right0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left1
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.44
Right0.44
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left0.6
Right0.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left42
Right35

Applies to 2003-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC90 was introduced in the 2003 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the A-pillar/roof rail hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the head hit the A-pillar and the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2003 Volvo XC90 T6 4wd
Weight 4,617 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase113 in.
Length189 in.
Width75 in.
Engine2.9 L turbocharged 6-cylinder
EPA ratings15 mpg city / 20 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0305
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)7
Left (cm)10
Center (cm)11
Right (cm)11
Brake pedal (cm)5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)2
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-1
Rearward (cm)0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0305
Head
HIC-15135
Peak gs at hard contact27
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)8
Maximum Nij 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm)38
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)6.3
Femur force - right (kN)5.0
Knee displacement - left (mm)3
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.34
Maximum tibia index - right0.37
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left54
Right93

Applies to 2005-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Volvo XC90 was introduced in the 2003 model year. Beginning with 2005 models, the side torso airbags were enlarged to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2006 Volvo XC90 2.5T 4wd
Weight 4,674 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase113 in.
Length189 in.
Width75 in.
Engine2.5 L turbocharged 5-cylinder
EPA ratings17 mpg city / 22 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0624
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-9.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0624
Head HIC-1561
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)45
Lateral force (kN)1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)32
Average deflection (mm)24
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)1.79
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.28
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.6
Acetabulum force (kN)2.2
Combined force (kN)2.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.2
L-M moment (Nm)54
A-P moment (Nm) -24

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0624
Head HIC-1528
Neck
Tension (kN)0.4
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)25
Lateral force (kN)1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)21
Average deflection (mm)17
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.74
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.28
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.1
Acetabulum force (kN)1.4
Combined force (kN)1.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.7
L-M moment (Nm)137
A-P moment (Nm) -25

Applies to 2003-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight4,718 lbs
Peak force21,274 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.51
Tested vehicle
2010 Volvo XC90 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2005-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeAll seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)25
Distance below top of head (mm)25
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)9.0
Head contact time (ms)87
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)13
Max neck tension (N)433

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