Applies to 2003-14 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Volvo XC90 was introduced in the 2003 model year.
The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 7 cm and maximum intrusion of the upper interior of 5 cm.
Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2014 Volvo XC90 4wd|
|Weight|| 4,758 lbs.|
|Side airbags||head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags |
|Engine||3.2 L 6-cylinder|
|EPA ratings||16 mpg city / 23 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||7|
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Left toepan (cm)||3|
|Brake pedal (cm)||4|
|Parking brake (cm)||7|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||3|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||5|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper dash (cm)||4|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||3|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||no contact|
|Tension (kN)||0.8 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||7 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.19 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||24 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Maximum tibia index|
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|