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2016 Volvo XC90

Midsize luxury SUV
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
A

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Front overlap SideRoof strengthHead restraints & seatsFront crash prevention
SmallModerate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2014
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2003
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC90 was redesigned for the 2016 model year after a one-year absence from the market.

Structure

The driver space was maintained very well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 4 cm at the lower hinge pillar and brake pedal. Upper interior intrusion measured 4 cm at the hinge pillar and 2 cm at the instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum Plus 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,593 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase117 in.
Length195 in.
Width76 in.
Engine2.0 L super & turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings20 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1543
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)4
Footrest (cm)2
Left toepan (cm)2
Brake pedal (cm)4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)4
Upper dash (cm)2
Lower instrument panel (cm)2

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1543
Head
HIC-1537
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)0.5
Extension bending moment (Nm)14
Maximum Nij 0.14
Chest maximum compression (mm)16
Femur (kN)
Left0.4
Right0.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left1
Right0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left0
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.24
Right0.41
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.1
Right0.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left27
Right16

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC90 was redesigned for the 2016 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,777 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase117 in.
Length195 in.
Width76 in.
Engine2.0 L super & turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings20 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1507
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)1
Left (cm)2
Center (cm)2
Right (cm)3
Brake pedal (cm)3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-2
Rearward (cm)-6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1507
Head
HIC-15174
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm)6
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm)31
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.0
Femur force - right (kN)1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm)2
Knee displacement - right (mm)5
Maximum tibia index - left0.41
Maximum tibia index - right0.39
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left39
Right76

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Volvo XC90 was redesigned for the 2016 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,658 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase117 in.
Length195 in.
Width76 in.
Engine2.0 L super & turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings20 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1507
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-26.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1507
Head HIC-15233
Neck
Tension (kN)1.1
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)27
Lateral force (kN)1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)39
Average deflection (mm)36
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.73
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.60
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.5
Acetabulum force (kN)1.4
Combined force (kN)2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.6
L-M moment (Nm)62
A-P moment (Nm) 16

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1507
Head HIC-1582
Neck
Tension (kN)0.4
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)29
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)20
Average deflection (mm)13
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.74
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.19
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.3
Acetabulum force (kN)2.1
Combined force (kN)3.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.5
L-M moment (Nm)54
A-P moment (Nm) -36

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight4,516 lbs
Peak force23,396 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.18
Tested vehicle
2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seat

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm)34
Distance below top of head (mm)-2
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)11.2
Head contact time (ms)54
Force rating1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)0
Max neck tension (N)378

Applies to 2016 models

System details

  • Standard City Safety

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

Tested vehicle

2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum 4-door 4wd

How this rating is determined

Applies to 2016 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trimT6 Momentum
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

123


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)35
Clearance angle (degrees)64
Lower anchor B
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)31
Clearance angle (degrees)65
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)37
Clearance angle (degrees)60
Lower anchor B
Depth (cm)2-4
Force (lbs)36
Clearance angle (degrees)64
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes
1
Side airbags: head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Built in child restraints (optional)
5
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
6
Antilock brakes
7
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org