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2017 Volvo XC90

Midsize luxury SUV
2016 Volvo XC90 shown
2016 Volvo XC90 shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior

Headlights
M
only certain
trims

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
A

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2014
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2003
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC90 was redesigned for the 2016 model year after a one-year absence from the market.

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 4 cm at the lower hinge pillar and brake pedal. Upper interior intrusion measured 4 cm at the hinge pillar and 2 cm at the instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum Plus 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,593 lbs.
Side airbags head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 117 in.
Length 195 in.
Width 76 in.
Engine 2.0 L super & turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 20 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1543
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Footrest (cm) 2
Left toepan (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1543
Head
HIC-15 37
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.14
Chest maximum compression (mm) 16
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.24
Right 0.41
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.1
Right 0.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 27
Right 16

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC90 was redesigned for the 2016 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,777 lbs.
Side airbags head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 117 in.
Length 195 in.
Width 76 in.
Engine 2.0 L super & turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 20 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1507
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 2
Center (cm) 2
Right (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1507
Head
HIC-15 174
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 31
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.0
Femur force - right (kN) 1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 5
Maximum tibia index - left 0.41
Maximum tibia index - right 0.39
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 39
Right 76

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Volvo XC90 was redesigned for the 2016 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,658 lbs.
Side airbags standard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 117 in.
Length 195 in.
Width 76 in.
Engine 2.0 L super & turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 20 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1507
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-26.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1507
Head HIC-15 233
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 27
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 39
Average deflection (mm) 36
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.73
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.60
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 62
A-P moment (Nm) 16

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1507
Head HIC-15 82
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 29
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 20
Average deflection (mm) 13
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.74
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.19
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.1
Combined force (kN) 3.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 54
A-P moment (Nm) -36

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 4,516 lbs
Peak force 23,396 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.18
Tested vehicle
2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 34
Distance below top of head (mm) -2
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.2
Head contact time (ms) 54
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 378

Applies to 2016-17 models

System details

  • Standard City Safety

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

Tested vehicle

2016 Volvo XC90 T6 Momentum 4-door 4wd

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • Momentum trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual left and both right curves and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • R-Design trim
  • Inscription trim
  • Momentum trim equipped with Momentum Plus package
  • Excellence trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp right curve and inadequate on the gradual right and both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right and gradual left curves and fair on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • Momentum trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
M
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 73.1 m None
Straightaway left edge 31.6 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 46.9 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 33.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 41.5 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 32.7 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 159.5 m
Straightaway left edge 126.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 73.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 70.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 55.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 52.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • R-Design trim
  • Inscription trim
  • Momentum trim equipped with Momentum Plus package
  • Excellence trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 58.3 m None
Straightaway left edge 23.1 m None
250m radius right curve, left edge 30.6 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 28.7 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 51.3 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 29.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 154.7 m
Straightaway left edge 117.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 83.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 76.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 61.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 58.3 m

Applies to 2016-17 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trim T6 Momentum
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3 6 4


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 37
Clearance angle (degrees) 66
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 33
Clearance angle (degrees) 65
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 37
Clearance angle (degrees) 58
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 37
Clearance angle (degrees) 64
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes
1
Side airbags: head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Built in child restraints (optional)
5
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
6
Antilock brakes
7
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org