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2018 Volvo XC60

Midsize luxury SUV
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    G
  • Passenger-side
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior

Headlights
A
with optional
equipment

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
A

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2018
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
A
A
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
G
M
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
M
M
2015
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
M
2014
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2013
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2018 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC60 was redesigned for the 2018 model year. Small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of frontal crash test verification.

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 4 cm at the brake pedal. Upper interior intrusion measured 3 cm at the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2018 Volvo XC60 T6 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,182 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 185 in.
Width 75 in.
Engine 2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 21 mpg city / 27 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN1711
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Footrest (cm) 3
Left toepan (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 3
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN1711
Head
HIC-15 71
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 1.1
Right 0.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.24
Right 0.29
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 0.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 54
Right 19

Applies to 2018 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo XC60 was redesigned for the 2018 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2018 Volvo XC60 T6 Momentum 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,224 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 185 in.
Width 75 in.
Engine 2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 21 mpg city / 27 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1715
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 2
Left (cm) 2
Center (cm) 2
Right (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 0
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1715
Head
HIC-15 160
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 25
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.4
Femur force - right (kN) 1.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.42
Maximum tibia index - right 0.42
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 39
Right 83

Applies to 2018 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Volvo XC60 was redesigned for the 2018 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2018 Volvo XC60 T5 Momentum 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,131 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 113 in.
Length 185 in.
Width 75 in.
Engine 2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 21 mpg city / 27 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1713
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-26.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1713
Head HIC-15 137
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Compression (kN) -0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 32
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38
Average deflection (mm) 34
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.05
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.73
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.0
Combined force (kN) 1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 62
A-P moment (Nm) -36

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1713
Head HIC-15 199
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) -0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 20
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 19
Average deflection (mm) 15
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.18
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.15
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.9
Combined force (kN) 2.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 74
A-P moment (Nm) 21

Applies to 2018 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 4,232 lbs
Peak force 21,903 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.18
Tested vehicle
2018 Volvo XC60 T5 Inscription 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2018 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 34
Distance below top of head (mm) -2
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.2
Head contact time (ms) 54
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 378

Applies to 2018 models

System details

  • Standard City Safety

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

Tested vehicle

2018 Volvo XC60 T5 Inscription 4-door 4wd

How this rating is determined

Trim level(s)
  • Momentum trim equipped with Advanced package
  • R-Design trim equipped with Advanced package
  • Inscription trim equipped with Advanced package
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
A
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the left side of the road and inadequate on the right side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and gradual left curves and inadequate on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • Momentum trim equipped with Advanced package
  • R-Design trim equipped with Advanced package
  • Inscription trim equipped with Advanced package
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2018 models
A
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 71.7 m None
Straightaway left edge 53.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 70.3 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 49.2 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 56.3 m 6.3 %
150m radius left curve, right edge 49.5 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 157.6 m
Straightaway left edge 142.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 72.2 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 67.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 52.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 51.2 m

Applies to 2018 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trim T5 Inscription
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 46
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 46
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 47
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 44
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Built-in child restraints (optional)
4
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

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