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2008 Volvo S40

Midsize moderately priced car
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    A
  • Roof strength
    A
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Built-in child restraints (optional)
3
Electronic stability control (standard beginning with 2007 models, optional on 2005-06 models)
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2011
G
A
A
G
2010
G
A
A
G
2009
G
A
A
G
2008
G
A
A
G
2007
G
A
A
G
2006
G
A
A
G
2005
G
A
A
G
2004
G
A
G
2003
G
2002
G

Applies to 2004-11 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo S40 was redesigned during the 2004 model year (the new design entered production in January 2004 and the earlier design, which is classified as a small car, remained in production into February 2004). Note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door. To assure that the S40 is the new design, look for vehicles manufactured in March 2004 or later.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the redesigned 2004 S40 in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2004 Volvo S40 2.4i 4-door
Weight 3,168 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase104 in.
Length176 in.
Width70 in.
Engine2.4 L 5-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0414
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)5
Left (cm)7
Center (cm)7
Right (cm)6
Brake pedal (cm)6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)2
Right (cm)2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-1
Rearward (cm)2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0414
Head
HIC-15151
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm)9
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm)38
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.2
Femur force - right (kN)0.9
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.34
Maximum tibia index - right0.50
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left44
Right56

Applies to 2005-11 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
M
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Volvo S40 was redesigned during the 2004 model year (the new design entered production in January 2004 and the earlier design remained in production into February 2004). Beginning with 2005 models, changes were made to the B-pillar trim to improve deployment reliability of the side curtain airbags.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Volvo S40 2.4i 4-door
Weight 3,245 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase104 in.
Length176 in.
Width70 in.
Engine2.4 L 5-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0416
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-11.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0416
Head HIC-15199
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Compression (kN)0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)46
Lateral force (kN)1.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)51
Average deflection (mm)48
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.69
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.01
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.2
Acetabulum force (kN)2.4
Combined force (kN)3.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)54
A-P moment (Nm) -23

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0416
Head HIC-15253
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)32
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)34
Average deflection (mm)30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.35
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.38
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.3
Acetabulum force (kN)2.2
Combined force (kN)2.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.4
L-M moment (Nm)110
A-P moment (Nm) -41

Applies to 2004-11 models

Overall evaluation
A
Curb weight3,260 lbs
Peak force12,786 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio3.92
Tested vehicle
2009 Volvo S40 2.4i 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2004-11 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeAll seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)20
Distance below top of head (mm)35
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)8.3
Head contact time (ms)84
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)46
Max neck tension (N)583

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