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2004 Volvo S40

Midsize car
Crashworthiness
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Roof strength
    A
  • Head restraints & seats
    G


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2011
G
A
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
A
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
A
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
A
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
A
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
A
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
A
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2003
G
Crash avoidance rating
2002
G
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2004-11 models built after February 2004

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo S40 was redesigned during the 2004 model year (the new design entered production in January 2004 and the earlier design, which is classified as a small car, remained in production into February 2004). Note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door. To assure that the S40 is the new design, look for vehicles manufactured in March 2004 or later.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the redesigned 2004 S40 in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2004 Volvo S40 2.4i 4-door
Weight 3,168 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 104 in.
Length 176 in.
Width 70 in.
Engine 2.4 L 5-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0414
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 7
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0414
Head
HIC-15 151
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 38
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.2
Femur force - right (kN) 0.9
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.34
Maximum tibia index - right 0.50
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 56

Applies to 2002-04 models built before January 2004

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo S40 was introduced in the 2000 model year and structurally modified beginning with 2002 models to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the right tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be possible. Head acceleration from the A-pillar hit was negligible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head tilted outward, brushed the A-pillar, and continued partway out the open side window.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2002 Volvo S40 4-door
Weight 2,981 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 101 in.
Length 178 in.
Width 68 in.
Engine 1.9 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0124
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 8
Left (cm) 17
Center (cm) 19
Right (cm) 15
Brake pedal (cm) 10
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 3
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -6
Rearward (cm) 3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0124
Head
HIC-15 297
Peak gs at hard contact negligible
Neck
Tension (kN) 2.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 22
Maximum Nij 0.45
Chest maximum compression (mm) 41
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 3.7
Femur force - right (kN) 3.9
Knee displacement - left (mm) 6
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.44
Maximum tibia index - right 0.89
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 0.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 4.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 76
Right 110

Applies to 2004-11 models built after February 2004

Overall evaluation
A
Curb weight 3,260 lbs
Peak force 12,786 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 3.92
Tested vehicle
2009 Volvo S40 2.4i 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2004-11 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type All seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 20
Distance below top of head (mm) 35
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 8.3
Head contact time (ms) 84
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 46
Max neck tension (N) 583
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Built-in child restraints (optional)
3
Electronic stability control (standard beginning with 2007 models, optional on 2004-06 models)
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights

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