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2002 Volvo S40

Midsize moderately priced car
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Built-in child restraints (optional)
3
Antilock brakes
4
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2011
G
A
A
G
2010
G
A
A
G
2009
G
A
A
G
2008
G
A
A
G
2007
G
A
A
G
2006
G
A
A
G
2005
G
A
A
G
2004
G
A
G
2003
G
2002
G

Applies to 2002-04 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volvo S40 was introduced in the 2000 model year and structurally modified beginning with 2002 models to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the right tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be possible. Head acceleration from the A-pillar hit was negligible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head tilted outward, brushed the A-pillar, and continued partway out the open side window.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2002 Volvo S40 4-door
Weight 2,981 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase101 in.
Length178 in.
Width68 in.
Engine1.9 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0124
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)8
Left (cm)17
Center (cm)19
Right (cm)15
Brake pedal (cm)10
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)3
Right (cm)2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-6
Rearward (cm)-3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)4

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0124
Head
HIC-15297
Peak gs at hard contactnegligible
Neck
Tension (kN)2.2
Extension bending moment (Nm)22
Maximum Nij 0.45
Chest maximum compression (mm)41
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)3.7
Femur force - right (kN)3.9
Knee displacement - left (mm)6
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left0.44
Maximum tibia index - right0.89
Tibia axial force - left (kN)0.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN)4.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left76
Right110

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