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2014 Volkswagen Passat

Midsize moderately priced car

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
Check
for recalls
  • Small overlap front
    A
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
2012 Volkswagen Passat shown
2012 Volkswagen Passat shown
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Electronic stability control
3
Antilock brakes
4
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
A
G
G
G
G
2013
A
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
G
2009
G
G
G
G
2008
G
G
G
M
2007
G
G
G
M
2006
G
G
G
A
2005
G
P
2004
G
P
2003
G
P
2002
G
P
2001
G
P
2000
G
1999
G
1998
G
1997
P
1996
P
1995
P

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volkswagen Passat was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after October 2012, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). The tested car was retrofitted by Volkswagen engineers with a new airbag computer identical to that used in the modified production cars.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 16 cm, and the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel intruded 9-11 cm.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 12 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Volkswagen Passat S 4-door
Weight 3,254 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length192 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 5-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1232
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)16
Footrest (cm)9
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)1
Brake pedal (cm)3
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)4
Steering column3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)9
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)10
Lower instrument panel (cm)11

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1232
Head
HIC-15307
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)2.1
Extension bending moment (Nm)16
Maximum Nij 0.36
Chest maximum compression (mm)21
Femur (kN)
Left4.2
Right0.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left0
Right0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left2
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.50
Right0.33
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.4
Right1.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left51
Right49

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Volkswagen Passat was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volkswagen as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the roof hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Volkswagen Passat S 4-door
Weight 3,212 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length192 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 5-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1104
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)3
Left (cm)7
Center (cm)6
Right (cm)6
Brake pedal (cm)4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-5
Rearward (cm)3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1104
Head
HIC-15167
Peak gs at hard contact34
Neck
Tension (kN)1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm)12
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm)34
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.3
Femur force - right (kN)0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm)0
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.33
Maximum tibia index - right0.71
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN)1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left86
Right134

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Volkswagen Passat was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volkswagen as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Volkswagen Passat S 4-door
Weight 3,212 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase110 in.
Length192 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.5 L 5-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 31 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1104
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-16.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1104
Head HIC-15413
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Compression (kN)0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)32
Lateral force (kN)1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)36
Average deflection (mm)33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.50
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.4
Acetabulum force (kN)1.7
Combined force (kN)4.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.3
L-M moment (Nm)56
A-P moment (Nm) 149

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1104
Head HIC-15127
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)1.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)27
Lateral force (kN)1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)30
Average deflection (mm)27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.78
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.47
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.4
Acetabulum force (kN)1.6
Combined force (kN)1.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN)2.0
L-M moment (Nm)189
A-P moment (Nm) 46

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,256 lbs
Peak force20,592 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio6.32
Tested vehicle
2012 Volkswagen Passat SE 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)24
Distance below top of head (mm)20
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.6
Head contact time (ms)60
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)19
Max neck tension (N)548

Applies to 2013-15 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org